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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Expulsion, Censure, Reprimand, and Fine: Legislative Discipline in the House of Representatives

Expulsion, Censure, Reprimand, and Fine: Legislative Discipline in the House of Representatives

Date: June 27, 2016
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report discusses the processes of expulsion and censure in the House of Representatives. The House is expressly authorized within the United States Constitution (Article I, Section 5, clause 2) to discipline or "punish" its own Members. It is designed as a measure to protect the institutional integrity of the House of Representatives, its proceedings and its reputation.
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Midnight Rules: Congressional Oversight and Options

Midnight Rules: Congressional Oversight and Options

Date: June 27, 2016
Creator: Carey, Maeve P.
Description: This report discusses "midnight rulemaking," referring to the phenomenon during the final months of recent presidential administrations when federal agencies have typically issued a larger number of rules relative to comparable time periods earlier in the administration. It likely occurs because the outgoing presidential administration wants to achieve certain policy goals before the end of its term.
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Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2016

Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2016

Date: June 21, 2016
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report contains information on actions taken that affect the salaries for members of Congress, broken down by year and starting with the establishment of the Ethics Reform Act adjustment procedure (1990). It also provides background on the most recent developments and information on other related floor action.
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Venezuela: Background and U.S. Relations

Venezuela: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report examines the political and economic situation in Venezuela and U.S.-Venezuelan relations. It is divided into three main sections -- political background, current political and economic environment, U.S. relations and policy -- and also includes introductory and outlook information.
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Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile

Date: June 10, 2016
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 114th Congress (2015-2016). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
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Legislative Branch: FY2017 Appropriations

Legislative Branch: FY2017 Appropriations

Date: June 2, 2016
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: The first section of this report provides an overview of the consideration of FY2017 legislative branch appropriations, with subsections covering each action. It is followed by a section on prior year actions and funding, which contains historical tables. The report then addresses the FY2017 budget requests, requested administrative language, and selected funding issues for individual legislative branch agencies and entities.
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"Sense of" Resolutions and Provisions

"Sense of" Resolutions and Provisions

Date: May 16, 2016
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses specific kinds of resolutions by which Congress may formally express opinions about subjects of current national interest through freestanding simple or concurrent resolutions (called generically "sense of the House," "sense of the Senate," or "sense of the Congress" resolutions). These opinions expressing the views of one or both chambers may be included in other legislation upon introduction or subsequently added by amendment. This report identifies the various forms these expressions may take and the procedures governing such actions.
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The Nunn-McCurdy Act: Background, Analysis, and Issues for Congress

The Nunn-McCurdy Act: Background, Analysis, and Issues for Congress

Date: May 12, 2016
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe & O'Connor, Charles V.
Description: This report examines the the Nunn-McCurdy Act, which requires the Department of Defense (DOD) to report to Congress whenever a major defense acquisition program experiences cost overruns that exceed certain thresholds. As a result of the Nunn-McCurdy Act, Congress has increased visibility into the cost performance of the acquisition stage of MDAPs. However, some analysts suggest that Nunn-McCurdy is not a sufficiently comprehensive reporting mechanism.
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Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Date: May 6, 2016
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report discusses the procedure for adjusting the public debt limit. Nearly all of the outstanding debt of the federal government is subject to a statutory limit, which is set forth as a dollar limitation in 31 U.S.C. 3101(b). From time to time, Congress considers and passes legislation to adjust or suspend this limit.
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Congressional Nominations to U.S. Service Academies: An Overview and Resources for Outreach and Management

Congressional Nominations to U.S. Service Academies: An Overview and Resources for Outreach and Management

Date: April 21, 2016
Creator: Petersen, R. E. & Eckman, Sarah J.
Description: This report describes statutory requirements for allocating congressional nominations to service academies. It also identifies the qualifications that must be met by potential nominees, as established by statute and each academy.
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Calling Up Business on the Senate Floor

Calling Up Business on the Senate Floor

Date: April 1, 2016
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report outlines processes or customs most often used by the Senate and then discusses some procedures less often used to call up business. The Senate takes up measures and matters under procedures set in Senate rules and by long-standing customs, thereby giving it flexibility in setting its floor agenda.
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Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Date: March 14, 2016
Creator: Crane-Hirsch, Audrey C.
Description: This report is a list of about 200 congressional liaison offices, intended to help congressional offices in placing telephone calls and addressing correspondence to government agencies. In each case, the information was supplied by the agency itself and is current as of the date of publication. Entries are arranged alphabetically in four sections: legislative branch; judicial branch; executive branch; and agencies, boards, and commissions.
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House Committee Chairs: Considerations, Decisions, and Actions as One Congress Ends and a New Congress Begins

House Committee Chairs: Considerations, Decisions, and Actions as One Congress Ends and a New Congress Begins

Date: March 3, 2016
Creator: Schneider, Judy & Koempel, Michael L.
Description: This report covers the period from the House's early organization meetings in November to approximately March or April following the convening of a new Congress.
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Senators' Official Personnel and Office Expense Account (SOPOEA): History and Usage

Senators' Official Personnel and Office Expense Account (SOPOEA): History and Usage

Date: February 25, 2016
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides a history of the Senators' Official Personnel and Office Expense Account (SOPOEA) and an overview of recent developments, including funding levels. It also analyzes actual SOPOEA spending patterns in selected years. The allowance is provided on a fiscal year basis (i.e., October 1-September 30) in the annual legislative branch appropriations bills.
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Salaries of Members of Congress: Recent Actions and Historical Tables

Salaries of Members of Congress: Recent Actions and Historical Tables

Date: February 23, 2016
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides historical tables on the rate of pay for Members of Congress since 1789; details on enacted legislation with language prohibiting the automatic annual pay adjustment since the most recent adjustment; the adjustments projected by the Ethics Reform Act as compared with actual adjustments in Member pay; and Member pay in constant and current dollars since 1992.
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Senate Committee Rules in the 114th Congress: Key Provisions

Senate Committee Rules in the 114th Congress: Key Provisions

Date: February 8, 2016
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report first provides a brief overview of Senate rules as they pertain to committee actions. It then provides tables that summarize selected, key features of each committee's rules in regard to meeting day, hearing and meeting notice requirements, scheduling of witnesses, hearing quorum, business quorum, amendment filing requirements, proxy voting, polling, nominations, investigations, and subpoenas. In addition, the report looks at selected unique provisions some committees have included in their rules in the miscellaneous category.
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Agency Final Rules Submitted After May 16, 2016, May Be Subject to Disapproval in 2017 Under the Congressional Review Act

Agency Final Rules Submitted After May 16, 2016, May Be Subject to Disapproval in 2017 Under the Congressional Review Act

Date: February 4, 2016
Creator: Davis, Christopher M. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report briefly discusses The Congressional Review Act (5 U.S.C. ยงยง801-808), enacted as part of the 104th Congress's (1995-1996) "Contract with America," which established a special parliamentary mechanism whereby Congress can disapprove a final rule promulgated by a federal agency. With a change in the occupancy of the White House taking place in 2017, some in Congress are paying renewed attention to a parliamentary mechanism that might enable a new Congress and new President to overturn agency final rules of the Obama Administration issued after mid-May 2016.
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Legislative Branch: FY2016 Appropriations

Legislative Branch: FY2016 Appropriations

Date: February 1, 2016
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the consideration of FY2016 legislative branch appropriations, with subsections covering each action. It also addresses the FY2016 budget requests, hearings, and requested administrative language or other major funding issues for individual legislative branch agencies and entities.
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Provisions of the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3762

Provisions of the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3762

Date: February 1, 2016
Creator: Mach, Annie L.
Description: This report includes a table listing all provisions in H.R. 3762 and the Senate amendment to H.R. 3762 that would amend or repeal Affordable Care Act (ACA) provisions. It also provides a brief explanation of the provisions included in the Senate Amendment to H.R. 3762.
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Congress and the Budget: 2016 Actions and Events

Congress and the Budget: 2016 Actions and Events

Date: January 19, 2016
Creator: Driessen, Grant A. & Lynch, Megan S.
Description: This report seeks to assist in (1) anticipating what federal budget-related actions might occur within the year 2016, and (2) staying abreast of budget actions that occur this year. It provides a general description of the recurrent types of budgetary actions, and reflects on current events that unfold in each category during 2016. In addition, it includes information on certain events that may affect Congress's work on the budget, such as the President's budget request and the Congressional Budget Office's budget and economic outlook.
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Continuing Resolutions: Overview of Components and Recent Practices

Continuing Resolutions: Overview of Components and Recent Practices

Date: January 14, 2016
Creator: Saturno, James V. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the components of Continuing Resolutions (CRs) and a longitudinal analysis of recent congressional practices. Consequently, the data and analysis in this report are inclusive of all appropriations acts entitled or otherwise designated as providing continuing appropriations. The first section of this report explains six of the possible main components of CRs: coverage, duration, funding rate, restrictions on new activities, anomalies, and legislative provisions. The second section discusses the enactment of regular appropriations prior to the start of the fiscal year and the number of regular appropriations bills enacted through a CR since FY1977. The third section analyzes variations in the number and duration of CRs enacted each fiscal year since FY1997, the most recent fiscal year that all regular appropriations were enacted on time. Finally, the fourth section of this report discusses the features of the 15 CRs that provided funding through the remainder of the fiscal year since FY1977. A list of all CRs enacted between FY1977 and FY2016 is provided at the end of this report in Table 4.
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Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Omnibus Appropriations Acts: Overview of Recent Practices

Date: January 14, 2016
Creator: Saturno, James V. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides pertinent background information, reviews the recent enactment of omnibus appropriation measures, and briefly addresses several issues raised by their use.
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The Motion to Recommit in the House of Representatives

The Motion to Recommit in the House of Representatives

Date: January 6, 2016
Creator: Lynch, Megan S.
Description: This report provides an overview of House rules and precedents governing the motion to recommit and describes procedural and political effects of the motion. The motion to recommit provides a final opportunity for the House to affect a measure before passage, either by amending the measure or sending it back to committee. The motion to recommit is often referred to as "the minority's motion," because preference in recognition for offering a motion to recommit is given to a member of the minority party who is opposed to the bill.
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Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2015

Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2015

Date: December 23, 2015
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report discusses the process through which members of Congress are compensated. Members of Congress only receive salaries during the terms for which they are elected. Former Members may be eligible for retirement benefits. This report contains information on actions taken affecting each pay year since the establishment of the Ethics Reform Act adjustment procedure, as well as information on other relevant floor action.
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