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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Secret Sessions of Congress: A Brief Historical Overview

Secret Sessions of Congress: A Brief Historical Overview

Date: April 6, 1999
Creator: Amer, Mildred L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Line Item Vetoes in the 105th Congress, First Session: A Finding Aid

Line Item Vetoes in the 105th Congress, First Session: A Finding Aid

Date: February 13, 1998
Creator: Anderson, J. Michael & Jimenez, Rita
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Committee Markup Process in the House of Representatives

The Committee Markup Process in the House of Representatives

Date: November 1, 1999
Creator: Bach, Stanley
Description: This report discusses aspects of the process by which House committees mark up and report legislation. Among the subjects discussed are: selecting the text to be marked up, offering and debating amendments, and making motions to conclude debates during markups. The report also discusses relevant rules and practices concerning motions, quorums, votes, points of order, and parliamentary inquiries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conference Committee and Related Procedures: An Introduction

Conference Committee and Related Procedures: An Introduction

Date: July 29, 1996
Creator: Bach, Stanley
Description: Conference committees generally are free to conduct their negotiations as they choose, but they are to address only the matters on which the House and Senate have disagreed. Moreover, they are to propose settlements that represent compromises between the positions of the two houses. When they have completed their work, they submit a conference report and joint explanatory statement, and the House and Senate vote on accepting the report without amendments. Sometimes conference reports are accompanied by amendments that remain in disagreement. Only after the two houses have reached complete agreement on all provisions of a bill can it be sent to the President for his approval or veto.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Rules Governing Committee Markup Procedures

House Rules Governing Committee Markup Procedures

Date: January 27, 1999
Creator: Bach, Stanley
Description: This report provides general guidance to committees for conducting meetings to mark up legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Instructing House Conferees

Instructing House Conferees

Date: January 27, 1999
Creator: Bach, Stanley
Description: This report describes the process of reaching the final agreement between house and senate over the final version of a bill that the two houses have passes in different forms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Legislative Process on the House Floor: An Introduction

The Legislative Process on the House Floor: An Introduction

Date: July 30, 1996
Creator: Bach, Stanley
Description: This report discusses the complicated body of rules, precedents, and practices that governs the legislative process on the floor of the House of Representatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Points of Order, Rulings, and Appeals in the House of Representatives

Points of Order, Rulings, and Appeals in the House of Representatives

Date: March 30, 1998
Creator: Bach, Stanley
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Privileged Business on the House Floor

Privileged Business on the House Floor

Date: March 30, 1998
Creator: Bach, Stanley
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Questions of Privilege in the House

Questions of Privilege in the House

Date: April 28, 1998
Creator: Bach, Stanley
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Special Rules in the House of Representatives

Special Rules in the House of Representatives

Date: November 12, 1996
Creator: Bach, Stanley
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Rules Affecting Committees

House Rules Affecting Committees

Date: February 22, 1999
Creator: Bach, Stanley & Hardy-Vincent, Carol
Description: House Rules, especially Rules X-XIII, govern the authority and operations of its committees and subcommittees. This report identifies and summarizes these and other rules and directives affecting committee powers, authority, activities, and operations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disaster Mitigation Bills in the 106th Congress: H.R. 707, S. 1691 Compared

Disaster Mitigation Bills in the 106th Congress: H.R. 707, S. 1691 Compared

Date: October 25, 1999
Creator: Bea, Keith
Description: The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act authorizes the President to declare that an emergency or major disaster exists that overwhelms state and local resources. Legislation before the 106th Congress (H.R. 707 and S. 1691) would, among other matters, amend the Act to: (1) fund hazard mitigation projects designed to reduce future disaster losses; (2) add conditions to assistance; and (3) consolidate provisions governing the distribution of aid to disaster victims. This report compares provisions of the two bills, and will be updated as legislative action occurs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and Fast Track Trade Legislation

Agriculture and Fast Track Trade Legislation

Date: December 3, 1997
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: Senate and House committees in October reported legislation for new fast track authority enabling the Administration to negotiate trade agreements with foreign countries and to submit them to Congress for consideration under expedited procedures. Many agricultural and food industry interests are among the export-dependent enterprises that support new fast track authority, arguing that foreign trading partners will not seriously negotiate with an Administration that lacks it. However, some agricultural groups argue that fast track provides them with inadequate opportunities for dealing with their issues, and that it ultimately will lead to new agreements that benefit foreign more than U.S. producers, at least in some commodity sectors. Neither bill was taken to the floor in 1997 because of insufficient votes for passage in the House. However, the President is expected to seek approval in 1998.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bills and Resolutions: Examples of How Each Kind is Used

Bills and Resolutions: Examples of How Each Kind is Used

Date: January 27, 1999
Creator: Beth, Richard S
Description: This report provides background information regarding the bill and joint resolution, which must be passed by both houses in identical form, then presented to the President for his approval or disapproval.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bills, Resolutions, Nominations, and Treaties: Origins, Deadlines, Requirements, and Uses

Bills, Resolutions, Nominations, and Treaties: Origins, Deadlines, Requirements, and Uses

Date: January 22, 1999
Creator: Beth, Richard S
Description: In addition to bill and/or joint resolution this report presents two other acts of congress; 1) nominations and 2) treaties. It also discusses the characteristics and uses of six different kind of business before Congress, such as designation, origin, deadline for action, requirements for approval, and use.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fast Track for Trade Agreements: Procedural Controls for Congress and Proposed Alternatives

Fast Track for Trade Agreements: Procedural Controls for Congress and Proposed Alternatives

Date: October 31, 1997
Creator: Beth, Richard S
Description: This report discusses the fast track trade procedures in the Trade Act of 1974 operate as procedural rules of the House and Senate, and the statute itself declares them to be enacted as an exercise of the constitutional authority of each house to determine its own rules. These procedures prevent Congress from altering an implementing bill or declining to act, but permit it to enact or reject the bill. By these means Congress retains authority to legislate in the areas covered, yet affords the President conditions for effective negotiation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Religious Persecution Abroad: Congressional Concerns and Actions

Religious Persecution Abroad: Congressional Concerns and Actions

Date: June 25, 1998
Creator: Bite, Vita
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Restructuring DOE and Its Laboratories: Issues in the 105th Congress

Restructuring DOE and Its Laboratories: Issues in the 105th Congress

Date: January 14, 1999
Creator: Boesman, William C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bosnia Stabilization Force (SFOR) and U.S. Policy

Bosnia Stabilization Force (SFOR) and U.S. Policy

Date: January 29, 1998
Creator: Bowman, Steven R; Kim, Julie & Woehrel, Steven
Description: In December 1995, a NATO-led implementation force (IFOR) was deployed to Bosnia to enforce the military aspects of the Bosnian peace agreement. After fierce debate, the House and Senate passed separate resolutions in December 1995 expressing support for the U.S. troops in Bosnia, although not necessarily for the mission itself. Legislative efforts to bar funds for the deployment of U.S. troops to Bosnia were narrowly rejected. In the 105th Congress, similar efforts to bar a U.S. deployment after June 1998 were also rejected, although the FY 1998 defense authorization and appropriations laws contain reporting requirements that must be fulfilled before an extended deployment may take place. The defense appropriation measure requires the President to seek a supplemental appropriation for any deployment after June 1998.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Campaign Spending: 1976-1996

Congressional Campaign Spending: 1976-1996

Date: August 19, 1997
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: The data in this report reflect spending by congressional candidates from funds donated by individuals, political action committees (PACs), parties, and candidates. Thus, it includes expenditures under candidate control and does not reflect spending on their behalf, with or without their cooperation, by parties, PACs, and other groups.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Out-of-State Money in the Congressional Elections of 1992, 1994, and 1996: Trends and Policy Issues

Out-of-State Money in the Congressional Elections of 1992, 1994, and 1996: Trends and Policy Issues

Date: September 26, 1997
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Desert Shield and Desert Storm Implications for Future U.S. Force Requirements

Desert Shield and Desert Storm Implications for Future U.S. Force Requirements

Date: April 19, 1991
Creator: Collins, John M
Description: This preliminary assessment summarizes U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps performances during recent war, then relates it to past experience and potential threats in ways that might help decisionmakers determine the most suitable characteristics of U.S. armed forces for the rest of this decade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act Issues in the 106th Congress

Clean Water Act Issues in the 106th Congress

Date: November 24, 1998
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: In the 106th Congress, no comprehensive activity on reauthorizing the Clean Water Act occurred, although a number of individual clean water bills were enacted. Other issues have been debated recently, such as reforming the law to provide regulatory relief for industry, states and cities, and individual landowners. The debate over many of these issues highlights differing views of the Act and its implementation by some who seek to strengthen existing requirements and others who believe that costs and benefits should be more carefully weighed before additional control programs are mandated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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