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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Floor Procedure in the House of Representatives: A Brief Overview

Floor Procedure in the House of Representatives: A Brief Overview

Date: March 15, 2005
Creator: Rybicki, Elizabeth & Bach, Stanley
Description: The House considers bills and resolutions on the floor under several different sets of procedures governing the time for debate and the opportunities for amendment. Some procedures allow 40 or 60 minutes for debate; others permit debate to continue until a majority of Members vote to end it. Some procedures prohibit most or all floor amendments; others allow Members to offer any amendments that meet the requirements of the House’s rules and precedents. Notwithstanding these differences, the rules, precedents, and practices of the House generally are designed to permit the majority to work its will in a timely manner. This report provides a brief overview of this procedure.
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The House's Corrections Calendar

The House's Corrections Calendar

Date: March 28, 2001
Creator: Oleszek, Walter J
Description: This report discusses the establishment of the “Corrections Day”, a concept credited to Michigan Governor John Englerwhich, which is a procedure for repealing “the dumbest things the federal government is currently doing and just abolish them.”
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House Rules Affecting Committees

House Rules Affecting Committees

Date: February 22, 1999
Creator: Bach, Stanley & Hardy-Vincent, Carol
Description: House Rules, especially Rules X-XIII, govern the authority and operations of its committees and subcommittees. This report identifies and summarizes these and other rules and directives affecting committee powers, authority, activities, and operations.
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Fast-Track Trade Authority: Which Environmental Issues are "Directly Related to Trade"?

Fast-Track Trade Authority: Which Environmental Issues are "Directly Related to Trade"?

Date: October 2, 1997
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: This report discusses fast-track negotiating authority, which provides that Congress will consider trade agreements within mandatory deadlines, with limited debate, and without amendment. Trade negotiating objectives have generally been included in fast-track legislation to establish priorities for trade negotiators.
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Fast-Track Trade Authority Proposals: Which Environmental Issues are Included in the Principal Negotiating Objectives?

Fast-Track Trade Authority Proposals: Which Environmental Issues are Included in the Principal Negotiating Objectives?

Date: October 17, 1997
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: This report discusses fast-track negotiating authority, which provides that Congress will consider trade agreements within mandatory deadlines, with limited debate, and without amendment. Environmental provisions are eligible for the fast-track procedure only if they meet at least one of the principal trade negotiating objectives.
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Fast-Track Trade Negotiating Authority: A Comparison of 105th Congress Legislative Proposals

Fast-Track Trade Negotiating Authority: A Comparison of 105th Congress Legislative Proposals

Date: July 2, 1998
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: This report provides a side-by-side comparison of the reported versions of H.R. 2621 and S. 1269, 105 Congress bills that would provide the President with trade negotiating authority and accord certain resulting agreements and implementing bills expedited -- or “fast-track” -- legislative consideration.
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Fast-Track Trade Negotiating Authority: A Comparison of 105th Congress Legislative Proposals

Fast-Track Trade Negotiating Authority: A Comparison of 105th Congress Legislative Proposals

Date: September 15, 1998
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: This report provides a side-by-side comparison of H.R. 2621 and S. 2400, as reported, 105th Congress bills that would provide the President with trade negotiating authority and accord certain resulting agreements and implementing bills expedited -- or "fast-track" -- legislative consideration.
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Fast Track for Trade Agreements: Procedural Controls for Congress and Proposed Alternatives

Fast Track for Trade Agreements: Procedural Controls for Congress and Proposed Alternatives

Date: October 31, 1997
Creator: Beth, Richard S
Description: This report discusses the fast track trade procedures in the Trade Act of 1974 operate as procedural rules of the House and Senate, and the statute itself declares them to be enacted as an exercise of the constitutional authority of each house to determine its own rules. These procedures prevent Congress from altering an implementing bill or declining to act, but permit it to enact or reject the bill. By these means Congress retains authority to legislate in the areas covered, yet affords the President conditions for effective negotiation.
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House Committee Markup: Preparation

House Committee Markup: Preparation

Date: January 11, 1999
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: Markups provide Members on a committee an opportunity to change parts of a bill prior to its consideration by the full House. A number of administrative, procedural, and substantive steps must be undertaken in preparation for a markup, and other steps could or should be undertaken. Generally, the markup should be strategically planned to minimize controversy, provide Members with political dividends, and position the committee for future action. This report is intended as a guide for various tasks that could be accomplished by committee staff in order to prepare a smooth committee markup.
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House Committee Jurisdiction and Referral: Rules and Practice

House Committee Jurisdiction and Referral: Rules and Practice

Date: January 21, 1999
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report briefly discusses the factors that determine House committee jurisdiction and more specifically House Rule X.
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Unanimous Consent Agreements in the Senate

Unanimous Consent Agreements in the Senate

Date: February 20, 2001
Creator: Oleszek, Walter J
Description: This report discusses the idea of "unanimous consent" in the Senate. Without its tradition of unanimous consent, the Senate would find it harder to process its complex workload.
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House Voting Procedures: Forms and Requirements

House Voting Procedures: Forms and Requirements

Date: February 20, 2001
Creator: Oleszek, Walter J
Description: This report discusses the procedural considerations suffuse voting and the methods of voting in both the House and in the Committee of the Whole.
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House Rules Manual: Summary of Contents

House Rules Manual: Summary of Contents

Date: April 5, 2001
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report briefly discusses The House Rules and Manual, officially titled Constitution, Jefferson’s Manual and Rules of the House of Representatives, which contains the fundamental source material describing procedures in the House of Representatives.
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House Committee Markup: Reporting

House Committee Markup: Reporting

Date: January 11, 1999
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: At the end of the amendment process, the chair normally entertains a motion to report a measure favorably to the House. This report addresses the procedural options committees have regarding the form of reporting, such as what happens to amendments adopted in markup, as well as other considerations at the time of reporting.
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House Committee Hearings: Arranging Witnesses

House Committee Hearings: Arranging Witnesses

Date: March 15, 2001
Creator: Carr, Thomas P.
Description: This report briefly discusses the process of selecting and arranging witnesses for House committee hearings.
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House Rules Governing Committee Markup Procedures

House Rules Governing Committee Markup Procedures

Date: January 27, 1999
Creator: Bach, Stanley
Description: This report provides general guidance to committees for conducting meetings to mark up legislation.
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House Committee Markup: Amendment Procedure

House Committee Markup: Amendment Procedure

Date: January 11, 1999
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report briefly discusses committee markups in the House of Representatives. The essential purpose of a committee markup is to determine whether a measure pending before a committee should be altered, or amended, in any substantive way. Of course, committees do not actually amend measures; instead a committee votes on which amendments it wishes to recommend to the House.
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House Committee Hearings: Scheduling and Notification

House Committee Hearings: Scheduling and Notification

Date: March 8, 1999
Creator: Hardy-Vincent, Carol
Description: Each House committee has authority to hold hearings whether the House is in session, has recessed, or has adjourned (Rule XI, clause 2(m)(1)(A)). Regardless of the type of hearing, or whether a hearing is held in or outside of Washington, hearings share common aspects of planning and preparation. this report discusses the issues a committee faces in deciding whether to schedule a hearing.
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House Committees: Assignment Process?

House Committees: Assignment Process?

Date: January 21, 1999
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report briefly discusses House Committee assignments, examining the process and assessing its effects.
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Instructing House Conferees

Instructing House Conferees

Date: January 27, 1999
Creator: Bach, Stanley
Description: This report describes the process of reaching the final agreement between house and senate over the final version of a bill that the two houses have passes in different forms.
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Guide to Individuals Seated on the Senate Dais

Guide to Individuals Seated on the Senate Dais

Date: July 16, 2003
Creator: Amer, Mildred L
Description: This report is a brief summary of House and Senate procedures for reaching agreement on legislation. It discusses the provisions of House Rule XXII and Senate Rule XXVIII as well as other applicable rules, precedents, and practices. The report focuses on the most common and customary procedures.
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Invoking Cloture in the Senate

Invoking Cloture in the Senate

Date: May 9, 2003
Creator: Davis, Christopher M
Description: This report discuses cloture, which is is the only procedure by which the Senate can vote to set an end to a debate without also rejecting the bill, amendment, conference report, motion, or other matter it has been debating. A Senator can make a nondebatable motion to table an amendment, and if a majority of the Senate votes for that motion, the effect is to reject the amendment. Thus, the motion to table cannot be used to conclude a debate when Senators still wish to speak and to enable the Senate to vote for the proposal it is considering. Only the cloture provisions of Rule XXII achieve this purpose.
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Invoking Cloture in the Senate

Invoking Cloture in the Senate

Date: February 9, 2005
Creator: Davis, Christopher M
Description: This report discuses cloture, which is is the only procedure by which the Senate can vote to set an end to a debate without also rejecting the bill, amendment, conference report, motion, or other matter it has been debating. A Senator can make a nondebatable motion to table an amendment, and if a majority of the Senate votes for that motion, the effect is to reject the amendment. Thus, the motion to table cannot be used to conclude a debate when Senators still wish to speak and to enable the Senate to vote for the proposal it is considering. Only the cloture provisions of Rule XXII achieve this purpose.
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Introducing a House Bill or Resolution

Introducing a House Bill or Resolution

Date: August 3, 1999
Creator: Sachs, Richard C
Description: This report discusses the primary steps for drafting a bill in the House. Ideas and recommendations for legislation may come from private sources, such as ordinary citizens or interest groups; executive branch agencies and the White House; state and local initiatives; and, of course, individual Members, committees and other work groups, and party and chamber leaders. Any or all of these entities may also participate in drafting legislation (resolutions as well as bills).
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