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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Representatives and Senators: Trends in Member Characteristics Since 1945

Representatives and Senators: Trends in Member Characteristics Since 1945

Date: February 17, 2012
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric
Description: Questions about the characteristics of Members of Congress, including their age, education, previous occupations, and other descriptors, are of ongoing interest to Members, congressional staff, and constituents. Some of these questions may be asked in the context of representation, in efforts to evaluate the extent to which Members of Congress reflect their constituencies and the nation at large. In other instances, questions arise about how the characteristics of Members have changed over time, which may speak in part to the history of Congress. This report provides profiles of Senators and Representatives in selected Congresses since 1945. It includes data based on Representatives and Senators serving on the first day of the 79th, 82nd, 87th, 92nd, 97th, 102nd, and 107th–112th Congresses for several demographic characteristics, as well as the tenure of Member service in Congress. The characteristics discussed include age, including the oldest and youngest Members of the House and Senate; congressional service tenure; sex; previous occupation; race and ethnicity; education; religion; and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Member Organizations: Their Purpose and Activities, History, and Formation

Congressional Member Organizations: Their Purpose and Activities, History, and Formation

Date: August 28, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Gerrity, Jessica C.
Description: This report examines the purpose and activities of Committee on House Administration as congressional Member organizations (CMO) and the reasons Members form them. It also identifies and describes seven CMO types, and it provides an overview of the historical development of informal Member organizations since the first Congress, focusing on their regulation in the House by the Committee on House Oversight/Committee on House Administration, the rise and fall of legislative service organizations (LSOs), and the House's decision in 1995 to issue regulations for establishing CMOs and governing their behavior. It concludes with a step-by-step guide for House Members and staff who might be interested in forming a CMO.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Members' Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Members' Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Date: November 25, 2013
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides a history and overview of the Members' Representational Allowance (MRA) and examines spending patterns over three years--2005, 2006, and 2007. The data exclude non-voting Members, including Delegates and the Resident Commissioner. Members who were not in Congress for all of the first session of a Congress, whether the Member left Congress prior to the end of the year or entered any time after the beginning of the session, were also excluded.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Research for Congressional Staff: How to Find Documents and Other Resources

Legislative Research for Congressional Staff: How to Find Documents and Other Resources

Date: March 25, 2014
Creator: Cornell, Ada S.; Hanson, Laura A. & Greene, Michael
Description: This report is one of a series of reports on legislative process and research; it is intended to serve as a finding aid to sources of information, such as documents, news articles, analysis, contacts and services, used in legislative research.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies: Perspectives and Contemporary Developments

Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies: Perspectives and Contemporary Developments

Date: February 13, 2013
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Description: This report provides information on current vacancies in the Senate, the constitutional origins of the Senate vacancy clause, the appointment process by which most vacancies are filled, and related contemporary issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies: Perspectives and Contemporary Developments

Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies: Perspectives and Contemporary Developments

Date: June 7, 2013
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Description: This report provides information on current vacancies in the Senate, the constitutional origins of the Senate vacancy clause, the appointment process by which most vacancies are filled, and related contemporary issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Planning: Considerations for Congressional Staff

Legislative Planning: Considerations for Congressional Staff

Date: August 17, 2010
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: The Congressional Research Service frequently receives inquiries about legislative planning. Legislative and office action plans are often used by congressional offices for almost every significant project, from organizing an extensive conference in the district or state to introducing and guiding legislation. A major action plan requires a firm understanding of the project's goal, a research strategy, and a time line for completing the project. This report presents some of the factors usually considered in preparing an action plan. The information is provided in three sections. The first provides an overview which lays out summary considerations. The second raises questions to consider in preparing an outline for a project. The third details a sample action plan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Careers: Service Tenure and Patterns of Member Service, 1789-2011

Congressional Careers: Service Tenure and Patterns of Member Service, 1789-2011

Date: January 7, 2011
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.; Hemlin, Erin & Wilhelm, Amber H.
Description: The average service tenure of members of the Senate and House of Representatives has varied substantially since 1789. This report presents data on member tenure and a historical analysis of tenure trends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Careers: Service Tenure and Patterns of Member Service, 1789-2011

Congressional Careers: Service Tenure and Patterns of Member Service, 1789-2011

Date: January 7, 2011
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.; Hemlin, Erin & Wilhelm, Amber H.
Description: The average service tenure of members of the Senate and House of Representatives has varied substantially since 1789. This report presents data on member tenure and a historical analysis of tenure trends.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Privileges and Courtesies Extended to Former Members of Congress

Selected Privileges and Courtesies Extended to Former Members of Congress

Date: December 5, 2014
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric
Description: This report discusses the courtesies and privileges afforded to Members of the House and Senate, after they leave office.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department