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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Congressional Research Service and the American Legislative Process

The Congressional Research Service and the American Legislative Process

Date: April 12, 2011
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A
Description: The Legislative Reference Service, it was charged with responding to congressional requests for information. For more than 50 years, this department assisted Congress primarily by providing facts and publications and by transmitting research and analysis done largely by other government agencies, private organizations, and individual scholars. In 1970, Congress enacted a law transforming the Legislative Reference Service into the Congressional Research Service (CRS) and directing CRS to devote more of its efforts and increased resources to performing research and analysis that assists Congress in direct support of the legislative process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Salaries and Allowances

Congressional Salaries and Allowances

Date: December 4, 2012
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: Report that provides basic information on congressional salaries and allowances.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Salaries and Allowances

Congressional Salaries and Allowances

Date: January 15, 2013
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides basic information on congressional salaries and allowances and recent developments. First, the report briefly summarizes the current salary of Members of Congress; limits or prohibitions on their outside earned income, honoraria, and tax deductions; options for life and health insurance; and retirement benefits. Second, the report provides information on allowances available to Representatives and Senators to support them in their official and representational duties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Salaries and Allowances: In Brief

Congressional Salaries and Allowances: In Brief

Date: December 30, 2014
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides basic information on congressional salaries and allowances and recent developments. First, the report briefly summarizes the current salary of Members of Congress; limits or prohibitions on their outside earned income, honoraria, and tax deductions; options for life and health insurance; and retirement benefits. Second, the report provides information on allowances available to Representatives and Senators to support them in their official and representational duties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch Agency Appointments: History, Processes, and Recent Actions

Legislative Branch Agency Appointments: History, Processes, and Recent Actions

Date: October 19, 2015
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report contains information on the legislative branch agency heads' appointment processes, length of tenures (if terms are set), reappointment or removal provisions (if any), salaries and benefits, and most recent appointments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch Agency Appointments: History, Processes, and Recent Actions

Legislative Branch Agency Appointments: History, Processes, and Recent Actions

Date: June 10, 2015
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report contains information on the legislative branch agency heads' appointment processes, length of tenures (if terms are set), reappointment or removal provisions (if any), salaries and benefits, and most recent appointments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch: FY2011 Appropriations

Legislative Branch: FY2011 Appropriations

Date: March 23, 2011
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report gives an overview of the status of FY2011 appropriations and funding issues for the Senate, House of Representatives, and support agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch: FY2012 Appropriations

Legislative Branch: FY2012 Appropriations

Date: June 15, 2011
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report gives an overview of the status of FY2012 appropriations and funding issues for the Senate, House of Representatives, and support agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch: FY2014 Appropriations

Legislative Branch: FY2014 Appropriations

Date: November 25, 2013
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the current status of FY2014 legislative branch appropriations as well as figures and tables detailing prior year funding, and more detailed information about legislative branch funding issues for the Senate, House of Representatives, and government agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch: FY2016 Appropriations

Legislative Branch: FY2016 Appropriations

Date: February 1, 2016
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the consideration of FY2016 legislative branch appropriations, with subsections covering each action. It also addresses the FY2016 budget requests, hearings, and requested administrative language or other major funding issues for individual legislative branch agencies and entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch: FY2017 Appropriations

Legislative Branch: FY2017 Appropriations

Date: June 2, 2016
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: The first section of this report provides an overview of the consideration of FY2017 legislative branch appropriations, with subsections covering each action. It is followed by a section on prior year actions and funding, which contains historical tables. The report then addresses the FY2017 budget requests, requested administrative language, and selected funding issues for individual legislative branch agencies and entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Members' Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Members' Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Date: November 25, 2013
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides a history and overview of the Members' Representational Allowance (MRA) and examines spending patterns over three years--2005, 2006, and 2007. The data exclude non-voting Members, including Delegates and the Resident Commissioner. Members who were not in Congress for all of the first session of a Congress, whether the Member left Congress prior to the end of the year or entered any time after the beginning of the session, were also excluded.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Members' Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Members' Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Date: January 5, 2011
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides a history and overview of the MRA and examines spending patterns in the 109th Congress (2005 and 2006). The data exclude non-voting Members, including Delegates and the Resident Commissioner. Members who were not in Congress for all of 2005, whether the Member left Congress prior to the end of the year or entered any time after the beginning of the session, were also excluded.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Members' Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Members' Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Date: June 22, 2015
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides a history and overview of the Members' Representational Allowance (MRA) and examines spending patterns over selected years--2005, 2006, 2007, 2011, and 2012. The data exclude non-voting Members, including Delegates and the Resident Commissioner, as well as Members who were not in Congress for the entirety of the session. Information is provided on total spending and spending for various categories. The data collected demonstrate that, despite variations when considering all Members, many Members allocate their spending in a similar manner.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Offices and Officials in the Senate: Roles and Duties

Offices and Officials in the Senate: Roles and Duties

Date: March 16, 2015
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report outlines the officers of the Senate, including brief information about the history of each office, examples of their roles and duties, and election or appointment information about the current incumbent.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2010

Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2010

Date: February 9, 2011
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: The U.S. Constitution, in Article I, Section 6, authorizes compensation for Members of Congress "ascertained by law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States." Throughout American history, Congress has relied on three different methods in adjusting salaries for Members. Standalone legislation was last used to provide increases in 1990 and 1991. It was the only method used by Congress for many years. The second method, under which annual adjustments took effect automatically unless disapproved by Congress, was established in 1975. A third method for adjusting Member pay is congressional action pursuant to recommendations from the President, based on the recommendations of the Citizens' Commission on Public Service and Compensation established in the 1989 Ethics Reform Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2010

Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2010

Date: February 22, 2010
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: The U.S. Constitution, in Article I, Section 6, authorizes compensation for Members of Congress "ascertained by law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States." Throughout American history, Congress has relied on three different methods in adjusting salaries for Members. Standalone legislation was last used to provide increases in 1990 and 1991. It was the only method used by Congress for many years. The second method, under which annual adjustments took effect automatically unless disapproved by Congress, was established in 1975. A third method for adjusting Member pay is congressional action pursuant to recommendations from the President, based on the recommendations of the Citizens' Commission on Public Service and Compensation established in the 1989 Ethics Reform Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2013

Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2013

Date: November 4, 2013
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: The report contains information on the pay procedure of members of Congress and recent adjustments. It provides information on previous actions and votes by year, from 1990-2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2013

Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2013

Date: February 3, 2014
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: The report contains information on the pay procedure for members of Congress and recent adjustments. It provides information on previous actions and votes by year, from 1990-2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2013

Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2013

Date: June 20, 2013
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: Report that contains information on the pay procedure of members of Congress and recent adjustments. It provides information on previous actions and votes by year, from 1990-2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2014

Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2014

Date: October 27, 2014
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: The report contains information on the pay procedure for members of Congress and recent adjustments. It provides information on previous actions and votes by year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2015

Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2015

Date: June 8, 2015
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report discusses the process through which members of Congress are compensated. Members of Congress only receive salaries during the terms for which they are elected. Former Members of Congress may be eligible for retirement benefits. This report contains information on actions taken affecting each pay year since the establishment of the Ethics Reform Act adjustment procedure. It also provides information on other floor action related to pay for Members of Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2015

Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2015

Date: December 23, 2015
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report discusses the process through which members of Congress are compensated. Members of Congress only receive salaries during the terms for which they are elected. Former Members may be eligible for retirement benefits. This report contains information on actions taken affecting each pay year since the establishment of the Ethics Reform Act adjustment procedure, as well as information on other relevant floor action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2016

Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2016

Date: June 21, 2016
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report contains information on actions taken that affect the salaries for members of Congress, broken down by year and starting with the establishment of the Ethics Reform Act adjustment procedure (1990). It also provides background on the most recent developments and information on other related floor action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department