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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2008
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Membership of the 111th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 111th Congress: A Profile

Date: December 31, 2008
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 111th Congress. Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age and length of service, occupation, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch Staffing, 1954-2007

Legislative Branch Staffing, 1954-2007

Date: October 15, 2008
Creator: Petersen, Eric R.
Description: This report provides data and analysis concerning legislative branch staffing levels since 1954. Legislative branch staff include congressional staff, who work in the House or Senate, and legislative agency staff, who work in a legislative branch agency. At present, there is no legislation pending before Congress to change existing staff arrangements in Congress or legislative branch agencies. As policies and issues before Congress continue to proliferate in volume and complexity, new proposals for change in staffing levels or changes in the balance between congressional staff and legislative agency staff may emerge. This report, which will be updated annually, is one of several CRS products focusing on various aspects of congressional operations and administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Expulsion and Censure Actions Taken by the Full Senate Against Members

Expulsion and Censure Actions Taken by the Full Senate Against Members

Date: November 12, 2008
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: The Senate has censured nine Senators for various misconduct, including conduct not a violation of any law or specific written Senate ethics rule, when such conduct is found contrary to "acceptable norms of ethical conduct in the Senate," contrary to "accepted morals" and "senatorial ethics," when found to "derogate from the public trust expected of a Senator," and/or found to be "reprehensible" conduct which brings the Senate into "dishonor and disrepute." Conduct resulting in Senate "censure" has included violating orders of secrecy of documents; fighting in the Senate ("censure"); allowing a lobbyist with interests in particular legislation to be on official staff with access to the secret considerations of the legislation by committee ("condemn"); non-cooperation and abuse of investigating committees of the Senate ("condemn"); financial irregularities concerning political contributions ("censure"), office expenses and contributions ("denounce"), and excessive honoraria, official reimbursements and gifts ("denounce").
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pages of the United States Congress: History, Background Information, and Proposals for Change

Pages of the United States Congress: History, Background Information, and Proposals for Change

Date: July 3, 2008
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Description: This report provides a brief history of the congressional page programs, including their duties, and background information about House and Senate pages. It also has an overview of changes and reforms from 1981-2001, and proposed changes, reforms, and various issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Minimum Wage and American Samoa

The Federal Minimum Wage and American Samoa

Date: April 8, 2008
Creator: Whittaker, William G.
Description: This report discusses the federal minimum wage in American Samoa. Under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), the minimum wage for the islands is fixed by a commission established by the Secretary of Labor. The minimum wage for fish processing is currently $3.26 an hour. Were Congress to extend the general (federal) minimum wage to American Samoa (and raise it to $7.25 an hour, as is currently proposed), the fish processing industry might absorb the increase, change the way it processes tuna, or migrate to other low-wage countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Duration of Continuing Resolutions in Recent Years

Duration of Continuing Resolutions in Recent Years

Date: May 28, 2008
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report provides information on congressional practices with respect to the duration of continuing resolutions, including the use of full-year measures, and focuses particularly on the period covering FY1998-FY2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: A List of Payable Rates and Effective Dates, 1789-2008

Salaries of Members of Congress: A List of Payable Rates and Effective Dates, 1789-2008

Date: November 26, 2008
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report summarizes by what measures the Constitution requires Congress to determine its own pay, the annual payment adjustment procedure, changes in pay over time since 1789, and related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Review of Agency Rulemaking: An Update and Assessment of The Congressional Review Act after a Decade

Congressional Review of Agency Rulemaking: An Update and Assessment of The Congressional Review Act after a Decade

Date: May 8, 2008
Creator: Rosenberg, Morton
Description: This report will provide a brief explanation of how the structure of the review scheme was expected to operate and describes how it has in fact been utilized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Annual Appropriations Acts: Consideration During Lame-Duck Sessions

Annual Appropriations Acts: Consideration During Lame-Duck Sessions

Date: July 25, 2008
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report provides information on the consideration of annual appropriations acts in connection with lame-duck sessions occurring between 1994 and 2006 as background for the possibility of such a session during 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bush Administration Policy Regarding Congressionally Originated Earmarks: An Overview

Bush Administration Policy Regarding Congressionally Originated Earmarks: An Overview

Date: September 4, 2008
Creator: Brass, Clinton T.; Hatch, Garrett L. & Petersen, R. E.
Description: This report focuses on Bush Administration policy regarding earmarks originated by Congress and related issues. Specific definitions for the term earmark (and related terms, like congressional earmark, presidential earmark, and others) vary considerably and are controversial.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Gold Medals, 1776-2008

Congressional Gold Medals, 1776-2008

Date: May 9, 2008
Creator: Stathis, Stephen W.
Description: This report responds to congressional inquiries concerning the nature, history, and contemporary application of the process for awarding Gold Medals, and includes a historical examination and chronological list of these awards. It is intended to assist Members of Congress and staff in their consideration of future Gold Medal proposals, and will be updated as Gold Medals are approved.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Date: June 23, 2008
Creator: Tong, Lorraine H.
Description: Asian Pacific Americans have served in both houses of Congress representing California, Hawaii, Louisiana, Oregon, Virginia, American Samoa, and Guam. They have served in leadership positions, including committee and subcommittee chairmanships. This report presents information on Senators, Representatives, and Delegates, including party affiliations, length and dates of service, and committee assignments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress

Date: May 6, 2008
Creator: Tong, Lorraine H.
Description: Asian Pacific Americans have served in both houses of Congress representing California, Hawaii, Louisiana, Oregon, Virginia, American Samoa, and Guam. They have served in leadership positions, including committee and subcommittee chairmanships. This report presents information on Senators, Representatives, and Delegates, including party affiliations, length and dates of service, and committee assignments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation During the Recession

Job Loss and Infrastructure Job Creation During the Recession

Date: December 23, 2008
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: The report examines trends in employment and job loss since the start of the latest recession then focuses on job creation estimates associated with increased spending on infrastructure, placing a heavy emphasis on explaining the limitations with the methodology that is often utilized to develop the estimates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The First Day of a New Congress: A Guide to Proceedings on the Senate Floor

The First Day of a New Congress: A Guide to Proceedings on the Senate Floor

Date: October 29, 2008
Creator: Amer, Mildred L.
Description: The Senate follows a well-established routine on the opening day of a new Congress. This report discusses the various opening-day procedures, including the swearing in of new members, administrative business, and election of the President pro tempore.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Enrollment of Legislation: Relevant Congressional Procedures

Enrollment of Legislation: Relevant Congressional Procedures

Date: May 7, 2008
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report describes the congressional procedure in the enrollment of legislation, which occurs in the chamber where the measure originated and is carried out by enrolling clerks under the supervision of the Clerk of the House of Representatives and Secretary of the Senate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Honest Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007: The Role of the Clerk of the House and Secretary of the Senate

Honest Leadership and Open Government Act of 2007: The Role of the Clerk of the House and Secretary of the Senate

Date: June 4, 2008
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report focuses on the role of the Clerk of the House and the Secretary of the Senate in implementing the new lobbying registration and disclosure requirements. It also provides an overview of the new guidance document they have jointly issued.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance: Potential Legislative and Policy Issues for the 111th Congress

Campaign Finance: Potential Legislative and Policy Issues for the 111th Congress

Date: December 31, 2008
Creator: Garret, R. S.
Description: This report discusses selected campaign finance policy issues that may receive attention during the 111th Congress such as the electronic filing of senate campaign finance reports, bundling, hybrid advertising, joint fundraising committees, 527 Organizations and more.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unanimous Consent Agreements in the Senate

Unanimous Consent Agreements in the Senate

Date: May 19, 2008
Creator: Oleszek, Walter J.
Description: This report discusses the idea of "unanimous consent" in the Senate. Without its tradition of unanimous consent, the Senate would find it harder to process its complex workload.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Nominations to U.S. Service Academies: An Overview and Resources for Outreach and Management

Congressional Nominations to U.S. Service Academies: An Overview and Resources for Outreach and Management

Date: January 15, 2008
Creator: Petersen, R. E.
Description: This report describes statutory requirements for allocating congressional nominations to service academies and identifies the qualifications that must be met by potential nominees, as established by statute and each academy. Sample documents that could be used by congressional offices at various stages of the nomination selection process are included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Investigations of the Department of Justice, 1920-2007: History, Law, and Practice

Congressional Investigations of the Department of Justice, 1920-2007: History, Law, and Practice

Date: August 20, 2008
Creator: Rosenberg, Morton
Description: This report discusses the legislative oversight that is most commonly conducted through congressional budget, authorization, appropriations, confirmation, and investigative processes, and, in rare instances, through impeachment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Senate Executive Business and the Executive Calendar

Senate Executive Business and the Executive Calendar

Date: May 19, 2008
Creator: Oleszek, Walter J.
Description: The Senate has responsibilities under both Article I (outlining legislative prerogatives) and Article II of the Constitution. As a result, the upper body handles legislative and executive business differently. This report discusses the Senate’s lawmaking responsibilities under Article I; executive business, which consists of treaties and nominations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Committees: Assignment Process

House Committees: Assignment Process

Date: February 25, 2008
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: Committee assignments often determine the character of a Member's career. They are also important to the party leaders who organize the chamber and shape the composition of the committees. House rules identify some procedures for making committee assignments; Republican Conference and Democratic Caucus rules supplement these House rules and provide more specific criteria for committee assignments. This report describes these procedures and the basic functions of committee assignment in the House of Representatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Motion to Recommit in the House of Representatives: Effects, Recent Trends, and Options for Change

The Motion to Recommit in the House of Representatives: Effects, Recent Trends, and Options for Change

Date: November 20, 2008
Creator: Lynch, Megan S.
Description: This report provides an overview of House rules and precedents governing the motion to recommit, examines the use of the motion in the 110th Congress, and discusses arguments both favoring and opposing changing House procedures governing the motion. This report will be updated to reflect any changes in House rules governing the usage of the motion to recommit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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