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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Year: 2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies: Perspectives and Contemporary Developments

Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies: Perspectives and Contemporary Developments

Date: August 21, 2009
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Description: This report provides information on current vacancies in the Senate, the constitutional origins of the Senate vacancy clause, the appointment process by which most vacancies are filled, and related contemporary issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies: Perspectives and Contemporary Developments

Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies: Perspectives and Contemporary Developments

Date: March 10, 2009
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Description: This report provides information on current vacancies in the Senate, the constitutional origins of the Senate vacancy clause, the appointment process by which most vacancies are filled, and related contemporary issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Service by a Member of Congress in the U.S. Armed Forces Reserves

Service by a Member of Congress in the U.S. Armed Forces Reserves

Date: June 10, 2009
Creator: Brougher, Cynthia
Description: This report will analyze the legal issues related to Members of Congress serving in the Armed Forces Reserves during their congressional tenure. It will discuss previous congressional action regarding Members' simultaneous service as well as federal legislation addressing the status of Reservists. It will also analyze court decisions related to challenges to simultaneous service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Member Organizations: Their Purpose and Activities, History, and Formation

Congressional Member Organizations: Their Purpose and Activities, History, and Formation

Date: July 1, 2009
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: There are 645 informal (Congressional) Member organizations listed in the Congressional Yellow Book or registered with the Committee on House Administration. Of these 645 informal organizations, 256 are registered with the Committee on House Administration as a congressional Member organization (CMO). This report examines the purpose and activities of CMOs and the reasons Members form them. It also identifies and describes seven CMO types, and it provides an overview of the historical development of informal Member organizations since the first Congress. It concludes with a step-by-step guide for House Members and staff who might be interested in forming a CMO.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Aid Reform: Studies and Recommendations

Foreign Aid Reform: Studies and Recommendations

Date: July 28, 2009
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Weed, Matthew C.
Description: This report gives a brief history of modern U.S. foreign aid and modern legislative efforts to reform foreign aid practices. The report also examines various recommendations from recent studies relating to foreign aid reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Campaign Finance: Potential Legislative and Policy Issues for the 111th Congress

Campaign Finance: Potential Legislative and Policy Issues for the 111th Congress

Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report discusses selected campaign finance policy issues that may receive attention during the 111th Congress such as the electronic filing of senate campaign finance reports, bundling, hybrid advertising, joint fundraising committees, 527 Organizations and more.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aviation and Climate Change

Aviation and Climate Change

Date: August 4, 2009
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report provides background on aviation emissions and the factors affecting them; it discusses the tools available to control emissions, including existing authority under the Clean Air Act and proposed economy-wide cap-and-trade legislation; and it examines international regulatory developments that may affect U.S. commercial airlines.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy Aegis Cruiser and Destroyer Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Aegis Cruiser and Destroyer Modernization: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 29, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: The Navy has begun a multi-billion dollar program to modernize its 84 existing Aegis cruisers and destroyers over a period of more than 20 years. This report explores this program in detail, including the reasons for the program and the oversight issues it poses for Congress. This report will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Grants-In-Aid: An Historical Perspective on Contemporary Issues

Federal Grants-In-Aid: An Historical Perspective on Contemporary Issues

Date: June 15, 2009
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report provides an historical synopsis of the evolving nature of federal grant-in-aid programs, focusing on the role Congress has played in defining the scope and nature of those programs. It begins with an overview of contemporary federal grant-in-aid programs and then examines their evolution over time, focusing on the internal and external factors that have influenced congressional decisions concerning federal grant-in-aid programs. It concludes with an assessment of the scope and nature of the contemporary federal grants-in-aid system and raises several issues for congressional consideration, including possible ways to augment congressional capacity to provide effective oversight of this system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lobbying the Executive Branch: Current Practices and Options for Change

Lobbying the Executive Branch: Current Practices and Options for Change

Date: December 1, 2009
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report outlines the development of registration requirements for lobbyists engaging executive branch officials since 1995. It also summarizes steps taken by the Obama Administration to limit and monitor lobbying of the executive branch; discusses the development and implementation of restrictions placed on lobbying for Recovery Act and Emergency Economic Stabilization Act funds; examines the Obama Administration's decision to stop appointing lobbyists to federal advisory bodies and committees; considers third-party criticism of current executive branch lobbying policies; and provides options for possible modifications in current lobbying laws and practices.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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