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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Women in Congress, 1917-2016: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Women in Congress, 1917-2016: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Date: November 7, 2016
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report includes biographical information for the 313 women who have been elected or appointed to Congress including names, committee assignments, dates of service, listings by Congress and state, and (for Representatives) congressional districts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Evolution of the Meaning of "Waters of the United States" in the Clean Water Act

Evolution of the Meaning of "Waters of the United States" in the Clean Water Act

Date: August 12, 2016
Creator: Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report outlines how the Bipartisan Congressional Trade Priorities and Accountability Act of 2015 (BCTPAA) regulates the eligibility of covered trade agreements for expedited consideration, describes the operation of the statutory expedited procedures for considering implementing bills, and discusses how Congress may use the procedural mechanisms established by the act, as well as other pertinent rules of each chamber, to retain a substantial measure of control over legislation to implement covered trade agreements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Acquisition Reform in the House and Senate Versions of the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act

Acquisition Reform in the House and Senate Versions of the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act

Date: July 13, 2016
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report focuses on the sections of the House and Senate versions of the Fiscal Year 2017 National Defense Authorization Act (H.R. 4909 and S. 2943, respectively) that appear closely linked to the respective armed services committees' stated efforts to reform the acquisition system. For purposes of this analysis, CRS selected 31 sections of the House bill and 67 sections of the Senate bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congress's Early Organization Meetings

Congress's Early Organization Meetings

Date: November 2, 2016
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report discusses Congress's early organization meetings. The purposes of these meetings are both educational and organizational. Educational sessions range from legislative procedures and staff hiring to current issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The First Day of a New Congress: A Guide to Proceedings on the House Floor

The First Day of a New Congress: A Guide to Proceedings on the House Floor

Date: November 3, 2016
Creator: Schneider, Judy & Koempel, Michael L.
Description: This report focuses on the floor activities of the House of Representatives during its first formal session in a new Congress, and serves as a guide for those participating in or watching these proceedings.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Overview of Funding Mechanisms in the Federal Budget Process, and Selected Examples

Overview of Funding Mechanisms in the Federal Budget Process, and Selected Examples

Date: August 4, 2016
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report explains various funding mechanisms used to fund federal programs and activities including timelines for budgetary decisionmaking and processes (e.g., committees); it illustrates the mechanisms with examples of how they have been applied in practice. How a particular funding mechanism is structured requires tradeoffs between the frequency of congressional review and the predictability of funding for the program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Statutorily Required Federal Advisory Committees that Began Operations in FY2015

Statutorily Required Federal Advisory Committees that Began Operations in FY2015

Date: September 30, 2016
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy & Burgat, Casey
Description: This report discusses the establishment of the federal advisory committees--sometimes called task forces, panels, commissions, working groups, boards, councils, or conferences.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Salaries and Allowances

Congressional Salaries and Allowances

Date: August 5, 2004
Creator: Dwyer, Paul E.
Description: This report provides basic information on congressional salaries and allowances. First, the report briefly summarizes the current salary of Members of Congress, limits on their outside earned income and honoraria, and applicable health insurance and retirement benefits. Second, it provides information on allowances available to Representatives and Senators to support them in their official and representational duties as Members. Third, it provides the salaries and allowances available to the Speaker of the House and the Vice President, as President of the Senate, and lists the salaries of congressional officers and officials and committee staff.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Midnight Rules: Congressional Oversight and Options

Midnight Rules: Congressional Oversight and Options

Date: June 27, 2016
Creator: Carey, Maeve P.
Description: This report discusses "midnight rulemaking," referring to the phenomenon during the final months of recent presidential administrations when federal agencies have typically issued a larger number of rules relative to comparable time periods earlier in the administration. It likely occurs because the outgoing presidential administration wants to achieve certain policy goals before the end of its term.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 114th Congress: A Profile

Date: June 10, 2016
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 114th Congress (2015-2016). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Nunn-McCurdy Act: Background, Analysis, and Issues for Congress

The Nunn-McCurdy Act: Background, Analysis, and Issues for Congress

Date: May 12, 2016
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe & O'Connor, Charles V.
Description: This report examines the the Nunn-McCurdy Act, which requires the Department of Defense (DOD) to report to Congress whenever a major defense acquisition program experiences cost overruns that exceed certain thresholds. As a result of the Nunn-McCurdy Act, Congress has increased visibility into the cost performance of the acquisition stage of MDAPs. However, some analysts suggest that Nunn-McCurdy is not a sufficiently comprehensive reporting mechanism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Venezuela: Background and U.S. Relations

Venezuela: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report examines the political and economic situation in Venezuela and U.S.-Venezuelan relations. It is divided into three main sections -- political background, current political and economic environment, U.S. relations and policy -- and also includes introductory and outlook information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Expulsion, Censure, Reprimand, and Fine: Legislative Discipline in the House of Representatives

Expulsion, Censure, Reprimand, and Fine: Legislative Discipline in the House of Representatives

Date: June 27, 2016
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report discusses the processes of expulsion and censure in the House of Representatives. The House is expressly authorized within the United States Constitution (Article I, Section 5, clause 2) to discipline or "punish" its own Members. It is designed as a measure to protect the institutional integrity of the House of Representatives, its proceedings and its reputation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Water Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Clean Water Act Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: December 6, 2004
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: This report discusses issues regarding the Clean Water Act. Prospects for legislative initiatives to comprehensively amend the Clean Water Act (CWA) have stalled for some time over whether and exactly how to change the law, and Congress has recently focused legislative attention on narrow bills to extend or modify selected CWA programs, rather than taking up comprehensive proposals. For example, the 108th Congress enacted one bill amending the CWA, legislation to reauthorize the National Estuary Program (H.R. 4731, P.L. 108-399).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Branch: FY2017 Appropriations

Legislative Branch: FY2017 Appropriations

Date: June 2, 2016
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: The first section of this report provides an overview of the consideration of FY2017 legislative branch appropriations, with subsections covering each action. It is followed by a section on prior year actions and funding, which contains historical tables. The report then addresses the FY2017 budget requests, requested administrative language, and selected funding issues for individual legislative branch agencies and entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Committee Reports: Required Contents

House Committee Reports: Required Contents

Date: January 19, 1999
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report discusses house rules and statutes that detail several substantive requirements for items to be included in reports accompanying bills reported from committees. It provides a table that lists each rule with the requirement and applications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Date: May 6, 2016
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report discusses the procedure for adjusting the public debt limit. Nearly all of the outstanding debt of the federal government is subject to a statutory limit, which is set forth as a dollar limitation in 31 U.S.C. 3101(b). From time to time, Congress considers and passes legislation to adjust or suspend this limit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2016

Salaries of Members of Congress: Congressional Votes, 1990-2016

Date: June 21, 2016
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report contains information on actions taken that affect the salaries for members of Congress, broken down by year and starting with the establishment of the Ethics Reform Act adjustment procedure (1990). It also provides background on the most recent developments and information on other related floor action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Sense of" Resolutions and Provisions

"Sense of" Resolutions and Provisions

Date: May 16, 2016
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses specific kinds of resolutions by which Congress may formally express opinions about subjects of current national interest through freestanding simple or concurrent resolutions (called generically "sense of the House," "sense of the Senate," or "sense of the Congress" resolutions). These opinions expressing the views of one or both chambers may be included in other legislation upon introduction or subsequently added by amendment. This report identifies the various forms these expressions may take and the procedures governing such actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House Committee Chairs: Considerations, Decisions, and Actions as One Congress Ends and a New Congress Begins

House Committee Chairs: Considerations, Decisions, and Actions as One Congress Ends and a New Congress Begins

Date: March 3, 2016
Creator: Schneider, Judy & Koempel, Michael L.
Description: This report covers the period from the House's early organization meetings in November to approximately March or April following the convening of a new Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Congressional Liaison Offices of Selected Federal Agencies

Date: March 14, 2016
Creator: Crane-Hirsch, Audrey C.
Description: This report is a list of about 200 congressional liaison offices, intended to help congressional offices in placing telephone calls and addressing correspondence to government agencies. In each case, the information was supplied by the agency itself and is current as of the date of publication. Entries are arranged alphabetically in four sections: legislative branch; judicial branch; executive branch; and agencies, boards, and commissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Clean Air Act Issues in the 109th Congress

Clean Air Act Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: March 21, 2006
Creator: McCarthy, James E.
Description: This report discusses major decisions on clean air issues facing the courts and the executive branch in 2006. One focus will be EPA's recent proposal to strengthen air quality standards for fine particles. Other issues of continuing interest are EPA's 2005 decisions limiting interstate transport of air pollution and establishing cap-and-trade systems for emissions from coal fired power plants, and the agency's proposed changes to New Source Review.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Particulate Matter (PM2.5): Implementation of the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS)

Particulate Matter (PM2.5): Implementation of the 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS)

Date: September 11, 2008
Creator: Esworthy, Robert
Description: Particulate matter (PM), including fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and larger, but still inhalable particles (PM10), is one of the six principal pollutants for which the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has set National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) under the Clean Air Act (CAA). This report outlines the implementation process for the 1997 PM2.5 NAAQS and describes issues raised as EPA and states develop implementation strategies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies: FY2007 Appropriations

Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies: FY2007 Appropriations

Date: December 1, 2006
Creator: Vincent, Carol H.; Bearden, David M.; Corn, M. L.; Gorte, Ross W.; Humphries, Marc; Sheikh, Pervaze A. et al.
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It summarizes the status of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies appropriations bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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