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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Amendments in Disagreement

Amendments in Disagreement

Date: November 3, 2004
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: This report briefly summarizes the process of amendments between the House of Representatives and the Senate, which occurs if the House and Senate approve differing versions of a measure. The House and Senate must approve an identical version of a measure before it may be presented for the President's approval or veto. If the House and Senate approve differing versions of a measure, the differences must first be resolved.
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The House Amendment Tree

The House Amendment Tree

Date: February 20, 2001
Creator: Oleszek, Walter J.
Description: This report discusses the House amendment tree, a chart that depicts the maximum number and types of amendments that may be offered to a measure before any amendment is voted upon.
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Revenue Legislation in the Congressional Budget Process

Revenue Legislation in the Congressional Budget Process

Date: June 13, 2003
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report discusses revenue legislation, which may include changes to individual and corporate income taxes, social insurance taxes, excise taxes, or tariffs and duties. Congressional consideration of revenue legislation is governed by various constitutional provisions and procedural rules.
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Hearings in the House of Representatives: A Guide for Preparation and Procedure

Hearings in the House of Representatives: A Guide for Preparation and Procedure

Date: June 13, 2006
Creator: Carr, Thomas P.
Description: The report describes provisions of House rules that pertain to hearings; citations to these rules are included for reference. While House rules generally apply to committees and subcommittees, it is House Rule XI that contains many provisions specific to hearings. House rules set the general framework in which committees hold hearings.
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The President Pro Tempore of the Senate: History and Authority of the Office

The President Pro Tempore of the Senate: History and Authority of the Office

Date: July 26, 2004
Creator: Sachs, Richard C.
Description: This report traces the constitutional origins and development of the office of President pro tempore of the Senate, reviews its current role and authority, and provides information on Senators who have held this office -- and the more recently-created subsidiary offices -- over the past two centuries.
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Preparation for Senate Committee Markup

Preparation for Senate Committee Markup

Date: January 5, 2005
Creator: Carr, Thomas P.
Description: This report briefly discusses the preparation which precedes the legislative stage during which a committee chooses the language of a measure it expects to report to the Senate, called "markups." Markups are carefully planned in advance to insure that the requirements of Senate rules have been met, political decisions have been made, and administrative issues have been addressed.
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How Special Rules Regulate Calling up Measures for Consideration in the House

How Special Rules Regulate Calling up Measures for Consideration in the House

Date: December 5, 2005
Creator: Beth, Richard S.
Description: This fact sheet describes how a special rule -- a House resolution that regulates consideration of a specific legislative measure named in the resolution -- may set terms for consideration by Representatives. It includes information about the system of privilege, forms of consideration, and how the rules are used to manage the agenda.
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Senators' Official Personnel and Office Expense Account (SOPOEA): History and Usage

Senators' Official Personnel and Office Expense Account (SOPOEA): History and Usage

Date: February 25, 2016
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides a history of the Senators' Official Personnel and Office Expense Account (SOPOEA) and an overview of recent developments, including funding levels. It also analyzes actual SOPOEA spending patterns in selected years. The allowance is provided on a fiscal year basis (i.e., October 1-September 30) in the annual legislative branch appropriations bills.
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National Integrated Ballistics Information Network (NIBIN) for Law Enforcement

National Integrated Ballistics Information Network (NIBIN) for Law Enforcement

Date: July 3, 2001
Creator: Boesman, William C. & Krouse, William J.
Description: This report provides a brief history of how the current National Integrated Ballistics Information Network (NIBIN) system evolved and operates. It includes information about issues that may be of concern to Members and committees of the 107th Congress, such as whether expanding NIBIN to include new gun purchases could be construed as a step toward a national gun registry system. The report also summarizes bills introduced in the 107th Congress related to NIBIN.
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The Discharge Rule in the House: Recent Use in Historical Context

The Discharge Rule in the House: Recent Use in Historical Context

Date: April 17, 2003
Creator: Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report discusses the "discharge rule" of the House of Representatives, which provides a means by which a majority of Members may bring to the floor for consideration a measure that has not been reported from committee.
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Sponsorship and Cosponsorship of Senate Bills

Sponsorship and Cosponsorship of Senate Bills

Date: June 21, 2004
Creator: Sachs, Richard C.
Description: This report discusses the sponsorship and co-sponsorship of Senate bills. A Senator who introduces a bill or other measure in the Senate is called its sponsor. Senators may together submit a bill, but the first-named Senator is considered the chief sponsor; the others are considered cosponsors.
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Membership of the 109th Congress: A Profile

Membership of the 109th Congress: A Profile

Date: November 29, 2006
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 109th Congress. Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age and length of service, occupation, religious affiliation, female and minority Members, foreign-born Members, and military service.
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Legislative Research in Congressional Offices: A Primer

Legislative Research in Congressional Offices: A Primer

Date: January 9, 2001
Creator: Wellborn, Clay H. & Kolakowski, Michael
Description: This report discusses the process of conducting legislative research: deciding the scope, collecting the information and evaluating sources. Members of Congress need many kinds of information and analysis to support their legislative, oversight, and representational work, including both quick facts, or information to improve their understanding of a complex set of issues.
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Congressional Overrides of Presidential Vetoes

Congressional Overrides of Presidential Vetoes

Date: April 7, 2004
Creator: Sollenberger, Mitchel A.
Description: This report discusses Congress' power to override presidential vetoes. The President's veto authority is among his most significant tools in legislative dealings with Congress. It is effective not only in preventing the passage of legislation undesirable to the President, but also as a threat, sometimes forcing Congress to modify legislation before it is presented to the President.
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Senate Committee Reports: Required Contents

Senate Committee Reports: Required Contents

Date: October 22, 2004
Creator: Carr, Thomas P.
Description: This report briefly describes Senate rules and statutes that specify information that must be included as part of the written report about the purposes and provisions of a proposed measure. Senate committees also may include additional items in their reports.
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The Motion to Recommit in the House of Representatives

The Motion to Recommit in the House of Representatives

Date: January 6, 2016
Creator: Lynch, Megan S.
Description: This report provides an overview of House rules and precedents governing the motion to recommit and describes procedural and political effects of the motion. The motion to recommit provides a final opportunity for the House to affect a measure before passage, either by amending the measure or sending it back to committee. The motion to recommit is often referred to as "the minority's motion," because preference in recognition for offering a motion to recommit is given to a member of the minority party who is opposed to the bill.
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Assignments to Senate Subcommittees

Assignments to Senate Subcommittees

Date: November 15, 2005
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report discusses the rules and process for establishing subcommittees. One of the first orders of business for Senate committees is deciding whether to establish subcommittees, and if so, determining their number, sizes, party ratios, chairs, ranking minority members, and other members. There are no direct limits on the number of subcommittees that may be created.
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Floor Consideration of Conference Reports in the Senate

Floor Consideration of Conference Reports in the Senate

Date: November 5, 2004
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: This report briefly discusses procedure regarding conference reports in the Senate.
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Disapproval of Regulations by Congress: Procedure Under the Congressional Review Act

Disapproval of Regulations by Congress: Procedure Under the Congressional Review Act

Date: October 10, 2001
Creator: Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report discusses the Congressional Review Act of 1996, which established expedited (or "fast track") procedures by which Congress may disapprove a broad range of regulatory rules issued by federal agencies by enacting a joint resolution of disapproval. For initial floor consideration, the Act provides an expedited procedure only in the Senate.
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Senate Committee Rules in the 114th Congress: Key Provisions

Senate Committee Rules in the 114th Congress: Key Provisions

Date: February 8, 2016
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report first provides a brief overview of Senate rules as they pertain to committee actions. It then provides tables that summarize selected, key features of each committee's rules in regard to meeting day, hearing and meeting notice requirements, scheduling of witnesses, hearing quorum, business quorum, amendment filing requirements, proxy voting, polling, nominations, investigations, and subpoenas. In addition, the report looks at selected unique provisions some committees have included in their rules in the miscellaneous category.
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Sponsorship and Cosponsorship of House Bills

Sponsorship and Cosponsorship of House Bills

Date: April 21, 2003
Creator: Sachs, Richard C.
Description: This report discusses the sponsorship and co-sponsorship of House bills. A Representative who introduces a bill or other measure in the House is called its sponsor. Under House Rule XII, clause 7, several Members together may submit a bill, but the first-named Representative is considered the chief or primary sponsor; the others are considered cosponsors.
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Amendments Between the Houses

Amendments Between the Houses

Date: December 9, 2004
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: This report briefly summarizes the process of amendments between the House of Representatives and the Senate, which occurs if the House and Senate approve differing versions of a measure. An exchange of amendments between the houses resolves these differences.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
House and Senate Rules of Procedure: A Comparison

House and Senate Rules of Procedure: A Comparison

Date: May 12, 2003
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report compares selected House and Senate rules of procedure for various stages of the legislative process: referral of legislation to committees; scheduling and calling up measures; and floor consideration.
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Amendments in the House: Types and Forms

Amendments in the House: Types and Forms

Date: November 18, 2004
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: This report briefly discusses the amending process, which is central to the consideration of legislation by the House of Representatives, and the rules, practices, and precedents that underlie this process frequently depend on distinguishing among amendments based on their type and form. Simply put, not all amendments are equal in a procedural sense, and the form or type of amendment frequently determines what further amendments may be offered, and therefore what alternatives the House may choose among.
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