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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Legislative Research in Congressional Offices: A Primer

Legislative Research in Congressional Offices: A Primer

Date: January 9, 2001
Creator: Wellborn, Clay H. & Kolakowski, Michael
Description: This report discusses the process of conducting legislative research: deciding the scope, collecting the information and evaluating sources. Members of Congress need many kinds of information and analysis to support their legislative, oversight, and representational work, including both quick facts, or information to improve their understanding of a complex set of issues.
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Congressional Overrides of Presidential Vetoes

Congressional Overrides of Presidential Vetoes

Date: April 7, 2004
Creator: Sollenberger, Mitchel A.
Description: This report discusses Congress' power to override presidential vetoes. The President's veto authority is among his most significant tools in legislative dealings with Congress. It is effective not only in preventing the passage of legislation undesirable to the President, but also as a threat, sometimes forcing Congress to modify legislation before it is presented to the President.
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Senate Committee Reports: Required Contents

Senate Committee Reports: Required Contents

Date: October 22, 2004
Creator: Carr, Thomas P.
Description: This report briefly describes Senate rules and statutes that specify information that must be included as part of the written report about the purposes and provisions of a proposed measure. Senate committees also may include additional items in their reports.
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The Motion to Recommit in the House of Representatives

The Motion to Recommit in the House of Representatives

Date: January 6, 2016
Creator: Lynch, Megan S.
Description: This report provides an overview of House rules and precedents governing the motion to recommit and describes procedural and political effects of the motion. The motion to recommit provides a final opportunity for the House to affect a measure before passage, either by amending the measure or sending it back to committee. The motion to recommit is often referred to as "the minority's motion," because preference in recognition for offering a motion to recommit is given to a member of the minority party who is opposed to the bill.
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Assignments to Senate Subcommittees

Assignments to Senate Subcommittees

Date: November 15, 2005
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report discusses the rules and process for establishing subcommittees. One of the first orders of business for Senate committees is deciding whether to establish subcommittees, and if so, determining their number, sizes, party ratios, chairs, ranking minority members, and other members. There are no direct limits on the number of subcommittees that may be created.
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Floor Consideration of Conference Reports in the Senate

Floor Consideration of Conference Reports in the Senate

Date: November 5, 2004
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: This report briefly discusses procedure regarding conference reports in the Senate.
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Disapproval of Regulations by Congress: Procedure Under the Congressional Review Act

Disapproval of Regulations by Congress: Procedure Under the Congressional Review Act

Date: October 10, 2001
Creator: Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report discusses the Congressional Review Act of 1996, which established expedited (or "fast track") procedures by which Congress may disapprove a broad range of regulatory rules issued by federal agencies by enacting a joint resolution of disapproval. For initial floor consideration, the Act provides an expedited procedure only in the Senate.
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Senate Committee Rules in the 114th Congress: Key Provisions

Senate Committee Rules in the 114th Congress: Key Provisions

Date: February 8, 2016
Creator: Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report first provides a brief overview of Senate rules as they pertain to committee actions. It then provides tables that summarize selected, key features of each committee's rules in regard to meeting day, hearing and meeting notice requirements, scheduling of witnesses, hearing quorum, business quorum, amendment filing requirements, proxy voting, polling, nominations, investigations, and subpoenas. In addition, the report looks at selected unique provisions some committees have included in their rules in the miscellaneous category.
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Sponsorship and Cosponsorship of House Bills

Sponsorship and Cosponsorship of House Bills

Date: April 21, 2003
Creator: Sachs, Richard C.
Description: This report discusses the sponsorship and co-sponsorship of House bills. A Representative who introduces a bill or other measure in the House is called its sponsor. Under House Rule XII, clause 7, several Members together may submit a bill, but the first-named Representative is considered the chief or primary sponsor; the others are considered cosponsors.
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Amendments Between the Houses

Amendments Between the Houses

Date: December 9, 2004
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: This report briefly summarizes the process of amendments between the House of Representatives and the Senate, which occurs if the House and Senate approve differing versions of a measure. An exchange of amendments between the houses resolves these differences.
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House and Senate Rules of Procedure: A Comparison

House and Senate Rules of Procedure: A Comparison

Date: May 12, 2003
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report compares selected House and Senate rules of procedure for various stages of the legislative process: referral of legislation to committees; scheduling and calling up measures; and floor consideration.
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Amendments in the House: Types and Forms

Amendments in the House: Types and Forms

Date: November 18, 2004
Creator: Saturno, James V.
Description: This report briefly discusses the amending process, which is central to the consideration of legislation by the House of Representatives, and the rules, practices, and precedents that underlie this process frequently depend on distinguishing among amendments based on their type and form. Simply put, not all amendments are equal in a procedural sense, and the form or type of amendment frequently determines what further amendments may be offered, and therefore what alternatives the House may choose among.
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Selected Privileges and Courtesies Extended to Departing and Former Senators

Selected Privileges and Courtesies Extended to Departing and Former Senators

Date: September 14, 2004
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Description: This report provides information on selected privileges and courtesies (with the exception of federal health insurance, life insurance, and retirement benefits) extended to departing and former Senators. Some are derived from law and Senate Rules, but most are courtesies that have been extended as a matter of custom.
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Expulsion, Censure, Reprimand, and Fine: Legislative Discipline in the House of Representatives

Expulsion, Censure, Reprimand, and Fine: Legislative Discipline in the House of Representatives

Date: January 25, 2005
Creator: Maskell, Jack
Description: This report discusses the processes of expulsion and censure in the House of Representatives. The House is expressly authorized within the United States Constitution (Article I, Section 5, clause 2) to discipline or "punish" its own Members. It is designed as a measure to protect the institutional integrity of the House of Representatives, its proceedings and its reputation.
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The House's Corrections Calendar

The House's Corrections Calendar

Date: December 4, 2003
Creator: Oleszek, Walter J.
Description: This report discusses the establishment of the "Corrections Day," a concept credited to Michigan Governor John Englerwhich, which is a procedure for repealing "the dumbest things the federal government is currently doing."
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Agency Final Rules Submitted After May 16, 2016, May Be Subject to Disapproval in 2017 Under the Congressional Review Act

Agency Final Rules Submitted After May 16, 2016, May Be Subject to Disapproval in 2017 Under the Congressional Review Act

Date: February 4, 2016
Creator: Davis, Christopher M. & Beth, Richard S.
Description: This report briefly discusses The Congressional Review Act (5 U.S.C. ยงยง801-808), enacted as part of the 104th Congress's (1995-1996) "Contract with America," which established a special parliamentary mechanism whereby Congress can disapprove a final rule promulgated by a federal agency. With a change in the occupancy of the White House taking place in 2017, some in Congress are paying renewed attention to a parliamentary mechanism that might enable a new Congress and new President to overturn agency final rules of the Obama Administration issued after mid-May 2016.
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Minority Rights and Senate Procedures

Minority Rights and Senate Procedures

Date: August 22, 2005
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report discusses the nature of Senate procedures and various opportunities that the minority has to influence the process. The rules of the Senate emphasize the rights and prerogatives of individual Senators and, therefore, minority groups of Senators. The Senate's rules also are a source of other minority rights, including the right to propose non-germane amendments to most bills and to prevent bills from being referred to committees that might not consider and report them.
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The Amending Process in the House of Representatives

The Amending Process in the House of Representatives

Date: April 16, 2003
Creator: Davis, Christopher M. & Bach, Stanley
Description: This report summarizes many of the procedures and practices affecting the amending process on the floor of the House of Representatives. The process gives Members an opportunity to change the provisions of the bills and resolutions on which they are going to vote; it can be among the most complex as well as the most important stages of legislative consideration.
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The Capitol Visitors' Center: An Overview

The Capitol Visitors' Center: An Overview

Date: November 7, 2003
Creator: Stathis, Stephen W.
Description: This report presents the cost of the Capitol Visitors' Center (CVC), the most extensive addition to the Capitol since the Civil War, which is estimated at between $380 million and $395 million. Altogether $357.3 million in appropriated funds are available for project. An additional $65 million has been raised for construction of the center through private donations and the sale of commemorative coins.
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House Rules Governing Committee Markup Procedures

House Rules Governing Committee Markup Procedures

Date: November 15, 2005
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Description: This report provides general guidance to committees for conducting meetings to mark up legislation.
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Flow of Business: Typical Day on the Senate Floor

Flow of Business: Typical Day on the Senate Floor

Date: July 25, 2005
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses procedures and business that usually occur every session day, and notes certain business items that may occur less frequently. Several authorities govern the daily chamber work of the Senate: the standing rules, the "standing orders," unanimous consent agreements, precedent, and tradition. Because these authorities have different influence at certain times, no Senate session day is truly typical.
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Budget Resolution Enforcement

Budget Resolution Enforcement

Date: November 22, 2006
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report briefly discusses the annual budget resolution, which sets forth Congress's budget plan for a period of at least five fiscal years. It includes total levels of new budget authority, outlays, revenues, the deficit, and the public debt for each of the fiscal years covered. Once a budget resolution is adopted, Congress may enforce its provisions, through points of order, at several levels: the total levels of spending and revenues, the level of resources allocated to committees, and the level of resources allocated to the appropriations subcommittees.
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Hearings in the U.S. Senate: A Guide for Preparation and Procedure

Hearings in the U.S. Senate: A Guide for Preparation and Procedure

Date: July 19, 2004
Creator: Sachs, Richard C.
Description: This report discusses hearings in the U.S. Senate and is divided into four main sections: (1) the role of hearings in the committee process, types of hearings, and broad organizational issues, (2) a discussion of the planning process, (3) how a hearing is held, and (4) activities committees often undertake following a hearing.
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Legislative Branch: FY2016 Appropriations

Legislative Branch: FY2016 Appropriations

Date: February 1, 2016
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the consideration of FY2016 legislative branch appropriations, with subsections covering each action. It also addresses the FY2016 budget requests, hearings, and requested administrative language or other major funding issues for individual legislative branch agencies and entities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department