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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Date: May 20, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Date: June 22, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Military Space Programs: Issues Concerning DOD's SBIRS and STSS Programs

Date: November 25, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: This report discusses the Space Tracking and Surveillance System (STSS, formerly SBIRS-Low), managed by the Missile Defense Agency, which performs missile tracking and target discrimination for missile defense objectives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monitoring Inmate-Attorney Communications: Sixth Amendment Implications

Monitoring Inmate-Attorney Communications: Sixth Amendment Implications

Date: November 27, 2001
Creator: Halstead, T.J.
Description: This report provides an overview of the provisions of the interim rule, as well as a brief synopsis of Sixth Amendment implications regarding intentional intrusion into the attorney-client relationship.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Naming Post Offices Through Legislation

Naming Post Offices Through Legislation

Date: July 3, 2003
Creator: Stevens, Nye
Description: This report describes how the practice of naming post offices through public law originated and how it is commonly done today. House and Senate practices for approving such legislation, and procedures followed by the U.S. Postal Service in organizing a dedication ceremony, are also described.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Naming Post Offices Through Legislation

Naming Post Offices Through Legislation

Date: January 13, 2005
Creator: Stevens, Nye
Description: This report describes how the practice of naming post offices through public law originated and how it is commonly done today. House and Senate practices for approving legislation and procedures followed by the U.S. Postal Service in organizing a dedication ceremony, are also described. An increasingly common form of legislation is the naming of post offices for former Members of Congress or other figures of local or national renown. About one in six public laws passed by the 108th Congress was a post office naming bill approved under suspension of the rules. Unanimity of a state's congressional delegation is required for the movement of naming bills to the floor of the House or Senate. The costs of dedicating a post office in the name of an individual are modest, and this action results in no change in public identification of the facility by its geographic location.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Obscenity: A Legal Primer

Obscenity: A Legal Primer

Date: December 11, 1985
Creator: Reimer, Rita Ann
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Obscenity and Indecency: Constitutional Principles and Federal Statutes

Obscenity and Indecency: Constitutional Principles and Federal Statutes

Date: May 2, 2003
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: This report examines federal law regarding obscenity and indecency. The First Amendment provides: “Congress shall make no law... abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press.” In general, the First Amendment protects pornography, with this term being used to mean any erotic material. The Supreme Court, however, has held that the First Amendment does not protect two types of pornography: obscenity and child pornography. Consequently, they may be banned on the basis of their content, and federal law prohibits the mailing of obscenity, as well as its transport or receipt in interstate or foreign commerce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Open Access Publishing and Citatation Archives: Background and Controversy

Open Access Publishing and Citatation Archives: Background and Controversy

Date: June 22, 2006
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J
Description: This report begins with an inventory of basic information: definitions and guides to histories of the growth of open access publishing and citation archives and descriptions of selected major open access activities. It moves on to summarize major points of difference between proponents and opponents of nongovernmental open access publishing and databases, and then highlights federal, including National Institutes of Health (NIH), open access activities and contentious issues surrounding these developments. The report also briefly describes open access developments in the United Kingdom (where a number of governmental and nongovernmental initiatives have occurred) and in the international arena. Finally, controversial issues which could receive attention in the 109th Congress are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Open Access Publishing and Citation Archives: Background and Controversy

Open Access Publishing and Citation Archives: Background and Controversy

Date: July 26, 2005
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J.
Description: This report begins with an inventory of basic information: definitions and guides to histories of the growth of open access publishing and citation archives and descriptions of selected major open access activities. It moves on to summarize major points of difference between proponents and opponents of nongovernmental open access publishing and databases, and then highlights federal, including National Institutes of Health (NIH), open access activities and contentious issues surrounding these developments. The report also briefly describes open access developments in the United Kingdom (where a number of governmental and nongovernmental initiatives have occurred) and in the international arena. Finally, controversial issues which could receive attention in the 109th Congress are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Open Access Publishing and Citation Archives: Background and Controversy

Open Access Publishing and Citation Archives: Background and Controversy

Date: December 12, 2006
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J.
Description: This report begins with an inventory of basic information: definitions and guides to histories of the growth of open access publishing and citation archives and descriptions of selected major open access activities. It moves on to summarize major points of difference between proponents and opponents of nongovernmental open access publishing and databases, and then highlights federal, including National Institutes of Health (NIH), open access activities and contentious issues surrounding these developments. The report also briefly describes open access developments in the United Kingdom (where a number of governmental and nongovernmental initiatives have occurred) and in the international arena. Finally, controversial issues which could receive attention the 110th Congress are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Open Access Publishing and Citation Archives: Background and Controversy

Open Access Publishing and Citation Archives: Background and Controversy

Date: October 10, 2006
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J.
Description: This report begins with an inventory of basic information: definitions and guides to histories of the growth of open access publishing and citation archives and descriptions of selected major open access activities. It moves on to summarize major points of difference between proponents and opponents of nongovernmental open access publishing and databases, and then highlights federal, including National Institutes of Health (NIH), open access activities and contentious issues surrounding these developments. The report also briefly describes open access developments in the United Kingdom (where a number of governmental and nongovernmental initiatives have occurred) and in the international arena. Finally, controversial issues which could receive attention in the 109th Congress are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Open Access Publishing and Citation Archives: Background and Controversy

Open Access Publishing and Citation Archives: Background and Controversy

Date: September 12, 2005
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J.
Description: This report begins with an inventory of basic information: definitions and guides to histories of the growth of open access publishing and citation archives and descriptions of selected major open access activities. It moves on to summarize major points of difference between proponents and opponents of nongovernmental open access publishing and databases, and then highlights federal, including National Institutes of Health (NIH), open access activities and contentious issues surrounding these developments. The report also briefly describes open access developments in the United Kingdom (where a number of governmental and nongovernmental initiatives have occurred) and in the international arena. Finally, controversial issues which could receive attention in the 109th Congress are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Open Access Publishing and Citation Archives: Background and Controversy

Open Access Publishing and Citation Archives: Background and Controversy

Date: May 5, 2006
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J.
Description: This report begins with an inventory of basic information: definitions and guides to histories of the growth of open access publishing and citation archives and descriptions of selected major open access activities. It moves on to summarize major points of difference between proponents and opponents of nongovernmental open access publishing and databases, and then highlights federal, including National Institutes of Health (NIH), open access activities and contentious issues surrounding these developments. The report also briefly describes open access developments in the United Kingdom (where a number of governmental and nongovernmental initiatives have occurred) and in the international arena. Finally, controversial issues which could receive attention in the 109th Congress are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pension Issues Cloud Postal Reform Debate

Pension Issues Cloud Postal Reform Debate

Date: July 22, 2005
Creator: Stevens, Nye
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Post Office and Retail Postal Facility Closures: Overview and Issues for Congress

Post Office and Retail Postal Facility Closures: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: July 23, 2009
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: The United States Postal Service (USPS) announced in May 2009 that it was considering the closure of 3,105 of its 4,851 post office branches and stations. Since the original announcement, the USPS has indicated that the number of possible closures may be more than 3,200. This report provides (1) information on this recent announcement; (2) historical data on the number of post offices and other retail postal facilities; (3) an explanation of the legal authorities relevant to retail postal facility closures; (4) a review of the retail postal facility closure processes, including data on public appeals of closures, and H.R. 658's proposed alterations to the processes; and (5) a concluding discussion that suggests observations and possible issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Post Office and Retail Postal Facility Closures: Overview and Issues for Congress

Post Office and Retail Postal Facility Closures: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: July 23, 2009
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: This report provides information on the announcement that the United States Postal Service was considering the closure of 3,105 branches; historical data on the number of post offices and other retail postal facilities; an explanation of the legal authorities relevant to retail postal facility closures; a review of the retail postal facility closure processes, including data on public appeals of closures, and H.R. 658's proposed alterations to the processes; and a concluding discussion that suggests observations and possible issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act

The Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act

Date: January 22, 2007
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: President George W. Bush signed the Postal Enhancement and Accountability Act (P.L. 109-435) on December 20, 2006. This report briefly describes Congress’s pursuit of postal reform, summarizes the major provisions of the new postal reform law, and identifies possible P.L. 109-435 oversight issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act: Overview and Issues for Congress

The Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: December 14, 2009
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: This report describes Congress's pursuit of postal reform, and summarizes the major provisions of the new postal reform law. The report also suggests PAEA-related oversight issues for Congress. President George W. Bush signed the Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act (PAEA; P.L. 109-435; 120 Stat. 3198) on December 20, 2006. The PAEA was the first broad revision of the 1970 statute that replaced the U.S. Post Office with the U.S. Postal Service (USPS), a self-supporting, independent agency of the executive branch.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Postal Service for Katrina Survivors

Postal Service for Katrina Survivors

Date: September 16, 2005
Creator: Stevens, Nye
Description: This report discusses the affected areas served by the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposals for Revision of the Communications Act of 1934: Telecommunications Issues

Proposals for Revision of the Communications Act of 1934: Telecommunications Issues

Date: November 19, 1982
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Proposed AT&T/T-Mobile Merger: Would It Create a Virtuous Cycle or a Vicious Cycle?

The Proposed AT&T/T-Mobile Merger: Would It Create a Virtuous Cycle or a Vicious Cycle?

Date: May 10, 2011
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B.
Description: This report discusses the pros and cons of a proposed AT&T and T-Mobile merger. The largest con would be that the merged company would have over 70% of the cell phone market share. The largest pro would be that a merged company would be able to provide better service to its customers. The report also gives a brief overview of the mobile phone industry as a whole.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Protection of Security-Related Information

Protection of Security-Related Information

Date: September 27, 2006
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie & Tatelman, Todd B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Relations and Propaganda: Restrictions on Executive Agency Activities

Public Relations and Propaganda: Restrictions on Executive Agency Activities

Date: May 24, 2005
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department