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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Going to Conference in the Senate

Going to Conference in the Senate

Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: Bach, Stanley
Description: This report discusses the steps that the Senate must take, and one more step that it may take, as it arranges to send a bill to conference committee.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The FCC's Political Broadcasting Regulations

The FCC's Political Broadcasting Regulations

Date: October 27, 2004
Creator: Welborn, Angie A.
Description: This report provides an overview of the Federal Communication Commission's political broadcasting regulations, including general public interest obligations; the equal opportunity (equal time) regulations; and the various interpretations of the Fairness Doctrine, which is no longer enforced by the Commission. A brief section of frequently asked questions regarding political broadcasting is also provided.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Summary of the Proposed Rule for the Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information

Summary of the Proposed Rule for the Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information

Date: March 22, 2000
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie & DeAtley, Melinda
Description: This report provides a summary of the proposed rule issued November 3, 1999 to protect the privacy of individually identifiable health information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act

The Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act

Date: January 22, 2007
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: President George W. Bush signed the Postal Enhancement and Accountability Act (P.L. 109-435) on December 20, 2006. This report briefly describes Congress’s pursuit of postal reform, summarizes the major provisions of the new postal reform law, and identifies possible P.L. 109-435 oversight issues for Congress.
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Current Legal Status of the FCC’s Media Ownership Rules

Current Legal Status of the FCC’s Media Ownership Rules

Date: August 23, 2010
Creator: Ruane, Kathleen A.
Description: This report discusses the Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) media ownership regulations, which place limits on the number of broadcast radio and television outlets one owner can possess in a given market and place cross-ownership restrictions on these outlets and on the cross-ownership of broadcast properties and newspapers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The First Responder Network (FirstNet) and Next-Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

The First Responder Network (FirstNet) and Next-Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

Date: April 28, 2016
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses the First Responder Network Authority (FirstNet), which is a federal agency that includes private sector and other non-federal representation on its board of directors. It examines the challenges for public safety leaders and policymakers in establishing the framework for a nationwide network that meets state, local, tribal and territorial needs for robust, interoperable emergency communications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The First Responder Network (FirstNet) and Next-Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

The First Responder Network (FirstNet) and Next-Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

Date: June 17, 2016
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses the First Responder Network Authority (FirstNet), which is a federal agency that includes private sector and other non-federal representation on its board of directors. FirstNet was created by Congress with provisions in Title VI (Spectrum Act) of the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 (P.L. 112-96) to ensure the deployment and operation of a nationwide, broadband network for public safety communications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Safety Communications and Spectrum Resources: Policy Issues for Congress

Public Safety Communications and Spectrum Resources: Policy Issues for Congress

Date: July 15, 2010
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: The availability of radio frequency spectrum is considered essential to developing a modern, interoperable communications network for public safety. Equally critical is building the radio network to use this spectrum. Opinions diverge, however, on such issues as how much spectrum should be made available for the network, who should own it, who should build it, who should operate it, who should be allowed to use it, and how it might be paid for. This report discusses potential paths forward for Congress in regards to modernizing communications. To resolve the debate and move the planning process forward, Congress may decide to pursue oversight or change existing law. Actions proposed to Congress include (1) authorizing the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to reassign spectrum and (2) changing requirements for the use of spectrum auction proceeds. In particular, legislation in the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-171) might be modified. This law mandated the termination of analog television broadcasting and the release of those channels for other uses, including public safety.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Free Mail for Troops Overseas

Free Mail for Troops Overseas

Date: August 22, 2006
Creator: Stevens, Nye
Description: Members of the armed forces on duty in designated combat areas can send personal correspondence, free of postage, to addresses in the United States. There has never been a comparable provision of free postage of letters or packages sent from family members in the United States to loved ones in wartime service overseas. Two bills (H.R. 923 and H.R. 2874) have been introduced that would allow family members and, in the case o H.R. 2874, certain charities to send letters and packages to service men and women in combat zones free of postage.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Free Mail for Troops Overseas

Free Mail for Troops Overseas

Date: June 22, 2006
Creator: Stevens, Nye
Description: Members of the armed forces on duty in designated combat areas can send personal correspondence, free of postage, to addresses in the United States. There has never been a comparable provision of free postage for letters or packages sent from family members in the United States to loved ones in wartime service overseas. Two bills (H.R. 923 and H.R. 2874) have been introduced that would allow family members and, in the case of H.R. 2874, certain charities to send letters and packages to servicemen and women in combat zones free of postage. H.R. 923 in amended form as a bill that would allow service members overseas to send vouchers to family or loved ones that would be redeemable for the postage expenses of one letter of 15-pound package per month is included in the FY2007 Defense Authorization Act, which is now awaiting action in the Senate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Journalists' Privilege: Overview of the Law and Legislation in Recent Congresses

Journalists' Privilege: Overview of the Law and Legislation in Recent Congresses

Date: January 19, 2011
Creator: Ruane, Kathleen Ann
Description: This report gives an overview of the law regarding journalistic privilege. Included are the responses of the 110th and 111th Congresses regarding the law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism, the Media, and the Government: Perspectives, Trends, and Options for Policymakers

Terrorism, the Media, and the Government: Perspectives, Trends, and Options for Policymakers

Date: October 22, 1997
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2009 U.N. Durban Review Conference: Follow-Up to the 2001 U.N. World Conference Against Racism

The 2009 U.N. Durban Review Conference: Follow-Up to the 2001 U.N. World Conference Against Racism

Date: November 20, 2008
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report provides information on the 2001 World Conference Against Racism and the circumstances of U.S. withdrawal. It discusses preparations for the Durban Review Conference, including U.S. policy and reaction from other governments. It highlights possible issues for the 111th Congress, including the Review Conference preparatory process, U.S. funding of the Conference, and the political and diplomatic impact of U.S. engagement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reauthorizing the Satellite Home Viewing Provisions in the Communications Act and the Copyright Act: Issues for Congress

Reauthorizing the Satellite Home Viewing Provisions in the Communications Act and the Copyright Act: Issues for Congress

Date: October 9, 2009
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B.
Description: This report discusses the regulatory framework for the retransmission of broadcast television signals by satellite television operators,the Satellite Home Viewer Act of 1994, the 1999 Satellite Home Viewer Improvement Act (SHVIA), and the 2004 Satellite Home Viewer Extension and Reauthorization Act (SHVERA)
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Secret Sessions of the House and Senate: Authority, Confidentiality, and Frequency

Secret Sessions of the House and Senate: Authority, Confidentiality, and Frequency

Date: November 30, 2011
Creator: Palmer, Betsy
Description: Secret, or closed, sessions of the House and Senate exclude the press and the public. They may be held for matters deemed to require confidentiality and secrecy-such as national security, sensitive communications received from the President, and Senate deliberations during impeachment trials. Although Members usually seek advance agreement for going into secret session, any Member of Congress may request a secret session without notice. When the House or Senate goes into secret session, its chamber and galleries are cleared of everyone except Members and officers and employees specified in the rules or designated by the presiding officer as essential to the session. After the chamber is cleared, its doors are closed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Issues: National Public Opinion

Tobacco Issues: National Public Opinion

Date: May 14, 1998
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J
Description: None
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FCC Media Ownership Rules: Issues for Congress

FCC Media Ownership Rules: Issues for Congress

Date: August 28, 2003
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B.
Description: The Federal Communications Commission adopted an order on June 2, 2003 that modified five of its media ownership rules and retained two others.1 The new rules will go into effect on September 4, 2003 – thirty days after their appearance in the Federal Register. Because of the potential that changes in these rules – which set limits on national television ownership, newspaper-broadcast and radio-television cross-ownership in a market, and ownership of multiple television or radio stations in a market – could have far-reaching effects, a number of bills have been introduced in the 108th Congress that reflect a range of positions on these issues. This report analyzes each of the areas that have changed as a result of the FCC action or may change as a result of congressional action. The various positions in the debate also are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FCC Media Ownership Rules: Issues for Congress

FCC Media Ownership Rules: Issues for Congress

Date: September 17, 2003
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B.
Description: The Federal Communications Commission adopted an order on June 2, 2003 that modified five of its media ownership rules and retained two others. The new rules were scheduled to go into effect on September 4, 2003, but the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit stayed implementation of the new rules pending adjudication of claims that the rules are unlawful. (Prometheus Radio Project v. FCC, 3rd Cir., No 03-3388, stay issued 9/3/03). Because of the potential that changes in these rules – which set limits on national television ownership, newspaper-broadcast and radio-television cross-ownership in a market, and ownership of multiple television or radio stations in a market – could have far-reaching effects, a number of bills have been introduced in the 108th Congress that reflect a range of positions on these issues. This report analyzes each of the areas that have changed as a result of the FCC action or may change as a result of congressional action. The various positions in the debate also are summarized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Postal Service's Use of Contractors to Deliver Mail: Background and Recent Developments

The U.S. Postal Service's Use of Contractors to Deliver Mail: Background and Recent Developments

Date: May 29, 2012
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: Currently, the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) is collectively bargaining with the National Association of Letter Carriers (NALC) and National Rural Letter Carriers Association (NRLCA). One issue that may or may not be settled is the Postal Service's use of non-USPS employees (i.e., contractors) to deliver mail. If the parties cannot come to a satisfactory arrangement, Congress may be approached to consider the matter.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Speaking and Speechwriting: Selected References

Public Speaking and Speechwriting: Selected References

Date: December 20, 1996
Creator: Bowers, Jean M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Proposed AT&T/T-Mobile Merger: Would It Create a Virtuous Cycle or a Vicious Cycle?

The Proposed AT&T/T-Mobile Merger: Would It Create a Virtuous Cycle or a Vicious Cycle?

Date: May 10, 2011
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B.
Description: This report discusses the pros and cons of a proposed AT&T and T-Mobile merger. The largest con would be that the merged company would have over 70% of the cell phone market share. The largest pro would be that a merged company would be able to provide better service to its customers. The report also gives a brief overview of the mobile phone industry as a whole.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Journalists' Privilege: Overview of the Law and Legislation in the 109th and 110th Congresses

Journalists' Privilege: Overview of the Law and Legislation in the 109th and 110th Congresses

Date: July 29, 2008
Creator: Cohen, Henry & Ruane, Kathleen Ann
Description: This report discusses the journalists' privilege, provides and overview of the law, describes the Grand Jury Subpoena related to the Judith Miller case, and gives an overview of the congressional response in the 109th and 110th Congresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Free Mail for Troops Overseas

Free Mail for Troops Overseas

Date: October 19, 2006
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: Members of the armed forces on duty in designated combat areas can send personal correspondence, free of postage, to addresses in the United States. There has never been a comparable provision of free postage for letters or packages sent from family members in the United States to loved ones in wartime service overseas. This report discusses two bills (H.R. 923 and H.R. 2874) that were introduced in the 109th Congress that would have allowed family members and, in the case of H.R. 2874, certain charities to send letters and packages to servicemen and women in combat zones free of postage.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monitoring Inmate-Attorney Communications: Sixth Amendment Implications

Monitoring Inmate-Attorney Communications: Sixth Amendment Implications

Date: November 27, 2001
Creator: Halstead, T.J.
Description: This report provides an overview of the provisions of the interim rule, as well as a brief synopsis of Sixth Amendment implications regarding intentional intrusion into the attorney-client relationship.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department