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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Freedom of Speech and Press: Exceptions to the First Amendment

Freedom of Speech and Press: Exceptions to the First Amendment

Date: October 16, 2009
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: This report provides an overview of the major exceptions to the First Amendment - of the ways that the Supreme Court has interpreted the guarantee of freedom of speech and press to provide no protection or only limited protection for some types of speech. For example, the Court has decided that the First Amendment provides no protection to obscenity, child pornography, or speech that constitutes "advocacy of the use of force or of law violation ... where such advocacy is directed to inciting or producing imminent lawless action and is likely to incite or produce such action."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Identities Protection Act

Intelligence Identities Protection Act

Date: January 28, 2011
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report summarizes the Intelligence Identities Protection Act, P.L. 97-200, enacted by Congress in 1982 to address the unauthorized disclosure of information that exposes covert U.S. intelligence agents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
English as the Official Language of the United States: Legal Background

English as the Official Language of the United States: Legal Background

Date: December 23, 2010
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: For over a decade, legislation that would either declare English the official language of the United States government or that would oppose such declarations has been introduced in Congress. This report discusses the legal effect of some of these congressional proposals, as well as current federal policy on foreign language assistance, the constitutional law implications of official English proposals, and legal issues regarding state laws on official English.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity and Information Sharing: Comparison of H.R. 1560 and H.R. 1731

Cybersecurity and Information Sharing: Comparison of H.R. 1560 and H.R. 1731

Date: April 20, 2015
Creator: Fischer, Eric A.
Description: This report compares provisions in two bills in the House of Representatives that address information sharing and related activities in cybersecurity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Postal Service and Six-Day Delivery: Issues for Congress

The U.S. Postal Service and Six-Day Delivery: Issues for Congress

Date: January 25, 2011
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy R.
Description: This report will examine the history of six-day mail delivery and analyze potential effects of reducing USPS delivery from six to five days. It will then examine legislative options for the 111th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Proposed AT&T/T-Mobile Merger: Would It Create a Virtuous Cycle or a Vicious Cycle?

The Proposed AT&T/T-Mobile Merger: Would It Create a Virtuous Cycle or a Vicious Cycle?

Date: May 10, 2011
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B.
Description: This report discusses the pros and cons of a proposed AT&T and T-Mobile merger. The largest con would be that the merged company would have over 70% of the cell phone market share. The largest pro would be that a merged company would be able to provide better service to its customers. The report also gives a brief overview of the mobile phone industry as a whole.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Updating the Statutory Framework for Communications for the Digital Age: Issues for Congress

Updating the Statutory Framework for Communications for the Digital Age: Issues for Congress

Date: September 30, 2013
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B.
Description: This report discusses the statutory framework for the communications sector that largely was enacted prior to the commercial development and deployment of digital technology, Internet Protocol (IP), broadband networks, and online voice, data, and video services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Publishing Scientific Papers with Potential Security Risks: Issues for Congress

Publishing Scientific Papers with Potential Security Risks: Issues for Congress

Date: July 12, 2012
Creator: Gottron, Frank & Shea, Dana A.
Description: This report discusses the publication of federally-funded research results including positive aspects (wide dissemination that may drive innovation, job creation, technology development, and the advance of science), and the negatives (that some research results could also be used for malicious purposes). This report describes the underlying controversy, the potential benefits and harms of publishing these manuscripts, the actions taken by domestic and international stakeholders, and options to improve the way research is handled to minimize security concerns.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Newspaper Industry in Transition

The U.S. Newspaper Industry in Transition

Date: September 9, 2010
Creator: Kirchoff, Suzanne M.
Description: This report analyzes the current crises that the U.S. newspaper industry is facing in light of the recent economic downturn and the increasing number of readers who turn to the Internet for their news instead of to traditional media. Congress has begun debating whether the financial problems in the newspaper industry pose a public policy issue that warrants federal action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advertising by the Federal Government: An Overview

Advertising by the Federal Government: An Overview

Date: March 10, 2011
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: This report looks at what government agencies are spending on advertising, including the difficulties of estimating advertising expenditures and the restrictions on government advertising.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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