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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The U.S. Newspaper Industry in Transition

The U.S. Newspaper Industry in Transition

Date: September 9, 2010
Creator: Kirchoff, Suzanne M.
Description: This report analyzes the current crises that the U.S. newspaper industry is facing in light of the recent economic downturn and the increasing number of readers who turn to the Internet for their news instead of to traditional media. Congress has begun debating whether the financial problems in the newspaper industry pose a public policy issue that warrants federal action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
English as the Official Language of the United States: Legal Background

English as the Official Language of the United States: Legal Background

Date: December 23, 2010
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: For over a decade, legislation that would either declare English the official language of the United States government or that would oppose such declarations has been introduced in Congress. This report discusses the legal effect of some of these congressional proposals, as well as current federal policy on foreign language assistance, the constitutional law implications of official English proposals, and legal issues regarding state laws on official English.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The First Responder Network (FirstNet) and Next-Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

The First Responder Network (FirstNet) and Next-Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

Date: March 12, 2014
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report provides and introduction to key provisions in the Spectrum Act to improve public safety communications and discusses planning authority, state and local participation, federal governance and other issues regarding the evolving network technologies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The First Responder Network (FirstNet) and Next-Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

The First Responder Network (FirstNet) and Next-Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

Date: February 27, 2015
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report provides and introduction to key provisions in the Spectrum Act to improve public safety communications and discusses planning authority, state and local participation, federal governance and other issues regarding the evolving network technologies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cybersecurity and Information Sharing: Comparison of H.R. 1560 and H.R. 1731

Cybersecurity and Information Sharing: Comparison of H.R. 1560 and H.R. 1731

Date: April 20, 2015
Creator: Fischer, Eric A.
Description: This report compares provisions in two bills in the House of Representatives that address information sharing and related activities in cybersecurity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The FCC's Rules and Policies Regarding Media Ownership, Attribution, and Ownership Diversity

The FCC's Rules and Policies Regarding Media Ownership, Attribution, and Ownership Diversity

Date: March 12, 2015
Creator: Scherer, Dana A.
Description: This report discusses the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) broadcast media ownership rules, which restrict the number of media outlets that a single entity may own or control. Its attribution rules define which relationships the FCC counts as ownership. In 2004 and again in 2011, the U.S. Court of Appeals, Third Circuit, directed the FCC to review its broadcast ownership diversity policies in conjunction with the media ownership rules.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Postal Service and Six-Day Delivery: Issues for Congress

The U.S. Postal Service and Six-Day Delivery: Issues for Congress

Date: January 25, 2011
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy R.
Description: This report will examine the history of six-day mail delivery and analyze potential effects of reducing USPS delivery from six to five days. It will then examine legislative options for the 111th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Postal Service: Background and Analysis of H.R. 2309 and S. 1789 in the 112th Congress

U.S. Postal Service: Background and Analysis of H.R. 2309 and S. 1789 in the 112th Congress

Date: July 9, 2012
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: This report looks at how the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) has taken steps to save money. It also covers how bills H.R. 2309 and S. 1789 include major reforms, such as reductions in service, expansion of the USPS's authority to provide products and services, and alterations to the postal employees pension and healthcare plans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Updating the Statutory Framework for Communications for the Digital Age: Issues for Congress

Updating the Statutory Framework for Communications for the Digital Age: Issues for Congress

Date: September 30, 2013
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B.
Description: This report discusses the statutory framework for the communications sector that largely was enacted prior to the commercial development and deployment of digital technology, Internet Protocol (IP), broadband networks, and online voice, data, and video services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Current Legal Status of the FCC’s Media Ownership Rules

Current Legal Status of the FCC’s Media Ownership Rules

Date: August 23, 2010
Creator: Ruane, Kathleen A.
Description: This report discusses the Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) media ownership regulations, which place limits on the number of broadcast radio and television outlets one owner can possess in a given market and place cross-ownership restrictions on these outlets and on the cross-ownership of broadcast properties and newspapers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The First Responder Network (FirstNet) and Next-Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

The First Responder Network (FirstNet) and Next-Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

Date: April 28, 2016
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses the First Responder Network Authority (FirstNet), which is a federal agency that includes private sector and other non-federal representation on its board of directors. It examines the challenges for public safety leaders and policymakers in establishing the framework for a nationwide network that meets state, local, tribal and territorial needs for robust, interoperable emergency communications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The First Responder Network (FirstNet) and Next-Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

The First Responder Network (FirstNet) and Next-Generation Communications for Public Safety: Issues for Congress

Date: June 17, 2016
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses the First Responder Network Authority (FirstNet), which is a federal agency that includes private sector and other non-federal representation on its board of directors. FirstNet was created by Congress with provisions in Title VI (Spectrum Act) of the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 (P.L. 112-96) to ensure the deployment and operation of a nationwide, broadband network for public safety communications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Safety Communications and Spectrum Resources: Policy Issues for Congress

Public Safety Communications and Spectrum Resources: Policy Issues for Congress

Date: July 15, 2010
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: The availability of radio frequency spectrum is considered essential to developing a modern, interoperable communications network for public safety. Equally critical is building the radio network to use this spectrum. Opinions diverge, however, on such issues as how much spectrum should be made available for the network, who should own it, who should build it, who should operate it, who should be allowed to use it, and how it might be paid for. This report discusses potential paths forward for Congress in regards to modernizing communications. To resolve the debate and move the planning process forward, Congress may decide to pursue oversight or change existing law. Actions proposed to Congress include (1) authorizing the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to reassign spectrum and (2) changing requirements for the use of spectrum auction proceeds. In particular, legislation in the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-171) might be modified. This law mandated the termination of analog television broadcasting and the release of those channels for other uses, including public safety.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Journalists' Privilege: Overview of the Law and Legislation in Recent Congresses

Journalists' Privilege: Overview of the Law and Legislation in Recent Congresses

Date: January 19, 2011
Creator: Ruane, Kathleen Ann
Description: This report gives an overview of the law regarding journalistic privilege. Included are the responses of the 110th and 111th Congresses regarding the law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Secret Sessions of the House and Senate: Authority, Confidentiality, and Frequency

Secret Sessions of the House and Senate: Authority, Confidentiality, and Frequency

Date: November 30, 2011
Creator: Palmer, Betsy
Description: Secret, or closed, sessions of the House and Senate exclude the press and the public. They may be held for matters deemed to require confidentiality and secrecy-such as national security, sensitive communications received from the President, and Senate deliberations during impeachment trials. Although Members usually seek advance agreement for going into secret session, any Member of Congress may request a secret session without notice. When the House or Senate goes into secret session, its chamber and galleries are cleared of everyone except Members and officers and employees specified in the rules or designated by the presiding officer as essential to the session. After the chamber is cleared, its doors are closed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Postal Service's Use of Contractors to Deliver Mail: Background and Recent Developments

The U.S. Postal Service's Use of Contractors to Deliver Mail: Background and Recent Developments

Date: May 29, 2012
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: Currently, the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) is collectively bargaining with the National Association of Letter Carriers (NALC) and National Rural Letter Carriers Association (NRLCA). One issue that may or may not be settled is the Postal Service's use of non-USPS employees (i.e., contractors) to deliver mail. If the parties cannot come to a satisfactory arrangement, Congress may be approached to consider the matter.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Proposed AT&T/T-Mobile Merger: Would It Create a Virtuous Cycle or a Vicious Cycle?

The Proposed AT&T/T-Mobile Merger: Would It Create a Virtuous Cycle or a Vicious Cycle?

Date: May 10, 2011
Creator: Goldfarb, Charles B.
Description: This report discusses the pros and cons of a proposed AT&T and T-Mobile merger. The largest con would be that the merged company would have over 70% of the cell phone market share. The largest pro would be that a merged company would be able to provide better service to its customers. The report also gives a brief overview of the mobile phone industry as a whole.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Initiatives to Promote Global Internet Freedom: Issues, Policy, and Technology

U.S. Initiatives to Promote Global Internet Freedom: Issues, Policy, and Technology

Date: September 8, 2010
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia; Nakamura, Kennon H.; Addis, Casey L. & Lum, Thomas
Description: This report provides information regarding the role of U.S. and other foreign companies in facilitating Internet censorship by repressive regimes overseas. The report is divided into several sections: Examination of repressive policies in China and Iran, Relevant U.S. laws, U.S. policies to promote Internet freedom, Private sector initiatives, and Congressional action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Initiatives to Promote Global Internet Freedom: Issues, Policy, and Technology

U.S. Initiatives to Promote Global Internet Freedom: Issues, Policy, and Technology

Date: March 17, 2010
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia; Nakamura, Kennon H.; Addis, Casey L. & Lum, Thomas
Description: This report provides information regarding the role of U.S. and other foreign companies in facilitating Internet censorship by repressive regimes overseas. The report is divided into several sections: Examination of repressive policies in China and Iraq, Relevant U.S. laws, U.S. policies to promote Internet freedom, Private sector initiatives, and Congressional action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Identities Protection Act

Intelligence Identities Protection Act

Date: January 28, 2011
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report summarizes the Intelligence Identities Protection Act, P.L. 97-200, enacted by Congress in 1982 to address the unauthorized disclosure of information that exposes covert U.S. intelligence agents.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sending Mail to Members of the Armed Forces at Reduced or Free Postage: An Overview

Sending Mail to Members of the Armed Forces at Reduced or Free Postage: An Overview

Date: January 14, 2011
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: This report looks the background, and current methods of, sending mail to troops serving overseas via subsidized postage.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Initiatives to Promote Global Internet Freedom: Issues, Policy, and Technology

U.S. Initiatives to Promote Global Internet Freedom: Issues, Policy, and Technology

Date: January 3, 2011
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia; Addis, Casey L. & Lum, Thomas
Description: Report regarding the role of the United States and other foreign companies in facilitating Internet censorship by repressive regimes overseas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department