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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Commemorative Observances: A Chronological List

Commemorative Observances: A Chronological List

Date: August 29, 2006
Creator: Frazier-Thompson, Judith B
Description: Historically, national commemorative observances were recommended by Congress through the legislative process. This practice was discontinued by the House of Representatives in January 1995, although the Senate continues to issue sense of the Senate resolutions recommending the establishment of commemoratives. It has now become standard practice for special observances to be designated by a proclamation issued by the President. This report is a chronological list of these proclamations for 1997 and 1998, indicating the proclamation number and its Federal Register citation
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National Monument Issues

National Monument Issues

Date: December 19, 2001
Creator: Hardy-Vincent, Carol
Description: None
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National Monument Issues

National Monument Issues

Date: July 8, 2002
Creator: Hardy-Vincent, Carol
Description: None
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National Monument Issues

National Monument Issues

Date: August 22, 2003
Creator: Hardy-Vincent, Carol
Description: None
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National Monuments and the Antiquities Act

National Monuments and the Antiquities Act

Date: March 21, 2014
Creator: Hardy-Vincent, Carol & Alexander, Kristina
Description: This report discusses the Antiquities Act of 1906, monument issues and controversies, as well as administration and legislative activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Monuments and the Antiquities Act

National Monuments and the Antiquities Act

Date: March 21, 2014
Creator: Vincent, Carol H. & Alexander, Kristina
Description: This report discusses the Antiquities Act of 1906, which authorizes the President to proclaim national monuments on federal lands that contain historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, or other objects of historic or scientific interest. The President is to reserve "the smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the objects to be protected." The act was designed to protect federal lands and resources quickly, and Presidents have proclaimed a total of 137 monuments. Congress has modified many of these proclamations and has abolished some monuments. Congress also has created monuments under its own authority.
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Commemorations in Congress: Options for Honoring Individuals, Groups, and Events

Commemorations in Congress: Options for Honoring Individuals, Groups, and Events

Date: April 22, 2015
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.; Christensen, Michelle D.; Elwell, Craig K.; Glassman, Matthew E.; Hatch, Garrett & Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report summarizes the evolution of commemorative legislation as well as the laws, rules, and procedures that have been adopted to control the types of commemoratives considered and enacted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
D-Day: The French Jubilee of Liberty Medal and the 60th Anniversary Commemoration on June 6, 2004, and Events for June 6, 2005

D-Day: The French Jubilee of Liberty Medal and the 60th Anniversary Commemoration on June 6, 2004, and Events for June 6, 2005

Date: May 27, 2005
Creator: Torreon, Barbara Salazar
Description: This report details the Jubilee of Liberty Medal awarded to U.S. veterans by the French government to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the invasion of Normandy by the Allied forces on June 6, 1994 (D-Day).
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The Purple Heart: Background and Issues for Congress

The Purple Heart: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: September 7, 2012
Creator: Burrelli, David F. & Gilroy, Fenwick
Description: Report that explores the history of the Purple Heart and changes in eligibility over time as well as several current issues facing Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Display of the Confederate Flag at Federal Cemeteries

Display of the Confederate Flag at Federal Cemeteries

Date: July 10, 2015
Creator: Comay, Laura B. & Salazar Torreon, Barbara
Description: This report discusses policies regarding the display of the Confederate Flag at national cemeteries. If a state observes a Confederate Memorial Day, NPS cemeteries in the state may permit a sponsoring group to decorate the graves of Confederate veterans with small Confederate flags. Additionally, according to the National Park Service (NPS) reference manual, such flags may also be displayed on the nationally observed Memorial Day, to accompany the U.S. flag on the graves of Confederate veterans.
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