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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Commemorative Observances: A Chronological List

Commemorative Observances: A Chronological List

Date: February 12, 2003
Creator: Richardson, Glenda
Description: Historically, national commemorative observances were recommended by Congress through the legislative process. This practice was discontinued by the House of Representatives in January 1995, although the Senate continues to issue sense of the Senate resolutions recommending the establishment of commemoratives. It has now become standard practice for special observances to be designated by a proclamation issued by the President. This report is a chronological list of these proclamations for 1997 and 1998, indicating the proclamation number and its Federal Register citation
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Guide to Major Congressional and Presidential Awards

A Guide to Major Congressional and Presidential Awards

Date: June 13, 2003
Creator: Salazar, Barbara A
Description: This report is designed to help congressional offices obtain information about major awards given by Congress and the President. It lists details about the establishment, criteria, selection process, and presentation of each of the major presidential and congressional awards: Congressional Award, Congressional Gold Medal, Medal of Honor, Presidential Citizens Medal, and Presidential Medal of Freedom. Brief entries are provided for additional awards made by the President including two new military medals for service in the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT): the GWOT Expeditionary Medal and the GWOT Service Medal. Contact information for the organization responsible for making the award and for more data about an award is provided. References to CRS products on awards are also given.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Guide to Major Congressional and Presidential Awards

A Guide to Major Congressional and Presidential Awards

Date: December 16, 2003
Creator: Salazar, Barbara A
Description: This report is designed to help congressional offices obtain information about major awards given by Congress and the President. It lists details about the establishment, criteria, selection process, and presentation of each of the major presidential and congressional awards: Congressional Award, Congressional Gold Medal, Medal of Honor, Presidential Citizens Medal, and Presidential Medal of Freedom. Brief entries are provided for additional awards made by the President including two new military medals for service in the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT): the GWOT Expeditionary Medal and the GWOT Service Medal. Contact information is provided for the organization responsible for making the award and for more data about an award. References to CRS products on awards are also given. This report will be updated as necessary.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Gold Medals 1776-1999

Congressional Gold Medals 1776-1999

Date: August 9, 1999
Creator: Stathis, Stephen W
Description: Since the American Revolution, Congress has commissioned gold medals as its highest expression of national appreciation for distinguished achievements and contributions. These medals should not be confused with the Medal of Honor, which is presented “in the name of the Congress of the United States,” and is often referred to as the Congressional Medal of Honor. Regulations for the Medal of Honor are established by the armed services. Congressional Gold Medals, conversely, can only be approved by Congress. This report provides a response to such inquiries and includes a historical examination and chronological list of these awards intended to assist Members of Congress in their consideration of future proposals to award Congressional Gold Medals. It will be updated annually.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Gold Medals, 1776-2003

Congressional Gold Medals, 1776-2003

Date: November 14, 2003
Creator: Stathis, Stephen W
Description: Members of Congress and their staff frequently ask questions concerning the nature, history, and contemporary application of the process for awarding Gold Medals. This report responds to congressional inquiries concerning this process, and includes a historical examination and chronological list of these awards. It is intended to assist Members of Congress and staff in their consideration of future Gold Medal proposals, and will be updated as Gold Medals are approved.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Holidays: Evolution and Current Practices

Federal Holidays: Evolution and Current Practices

Date: May 9, 2014
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report discusses the creation of federal holidays, how holidays affect employee pay, and recent holiday legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monuments and Memorials Authorized and Completed Under the Commemorative Works Act in the District of Columbia

Monuments and Memorials Authorized and Completed Under the Commemorative Works Act in the District of Columbia

Date: October 9, 2014
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report contains a catalog of the 18 authorized works that have been completed and dedicated since 1986. For each memorial, the report provides a rationale for each authorized work, as expressed by a Member of Congress, as well as the statutory authority for its creation; and identifies the group or groups which sponsored the commemoration, the memorial's location, and the dedication date. A picture of each work is also included.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monuments and Memorials in the District of Columbia: Analysis and Options for Proposed Exemptions to the Commemorative Works Act

Monuments and Memorials in the District of Columbia: Analysis and Options for Proposed Exemptions to the Commemorative Works Act

Date: September 24, 2013
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report focuses on options for Congress for three types of exemptions to the Commemorative Works Act (CWA, 40 U.S.C. §§8901-8909): siting works, donor recognition, and the placement and status of museums, which are generally not considered commemorative works.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Commemorations in Congress: Options for Honoring Individuals, Groups, and Events

Commemorations in Congress: Options for Honoring Individuals, Groups, and Events

Date: April 22, 2015
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.; Christensen, Michelle D.; Elwell, Craig K.; Glassman, Matthew E.; Hatch, Garrett & Heitshusen, Valerie
Description: This report summarizes the evolution of commemorative legislation as well as the laws, rules, and procedures that have been adopted to control the types of commemoratives considered and enacted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
D-Day: The French Jubilee of Liberty Medal and the 60th Anniversary Commemoration on June 6, 2004, and Events for June 6, 2005

D-Day: The French Jubilee of Liberty Medal and the 60th Anniversary Commemoration on June 6, 2004, and Events for June 6, 2005

Date: May 27, 2005
Creator: Torreon, Barbara Salazar
Description: This report details the Jubilee of Liberty Medal awarded to U.S. veterans by the French government to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the invasion of Normandy by the Allied forces on June 6, 1994 (D-Day).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department