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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Federal Civil Rights Statutes: A Primer

Federal Civil Rights Statutes: A Primer

Date: October 24, 2008
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report provides a brief overview of selected federal civil rights statutes. This report is intended to provide an introductory overview and comparison of the selected statutes and therefore does not address additional civil rights protections that may be available under state or local statutes or federal or state constitutional law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Civil Rights Statutes: A Primer

Federal Civil Rights Statutes: A Primer

Date: March 26, 2012
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: Under federal law, an array of civil rights statutes are available to protect individuals from discrimination. This report provides a brief summary of selected federal civil rights statutes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Civil Rights Statutes: A Primer

Federal Civil Rights Statutes: A Primer

Date: September 9, 2005
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA)

The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA)

Date: July 9, 2008
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee & Sarata, Amanda K.
Description: This report provides background on genetic information, legal implications regarding the use of this information, and relevant laws. It also discusses the statutory provisions of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA)

The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA)

Date: August 6, 2015
Creator: Sarata, Amanda K. & Feder, Jody
Description: This report provides background on genetic information, legal implications regarding the use of this information, and relevant laws. It also discusses the statutory provisions of GINA and the regulations regarding both health insurance and employment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Handicapped Infants: The Final Section 504 Regulation and Legislative Proposals

Handicapped Infants: The Final Section 504 Regulation and Legislative Proposals

Date: February 8, 1984
Creator: Smith, Mary F.
Description: This report discusses the final rule regarding handicapped infants published in the Federal register by HHS on January 12, 1984. Legislative action in response to the Infant Doe issue is also discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homosexuals and the U.S. Military: Current Issues

Homosexuals and the U.S. Military: Current Issues

Date: July 22, 2009
Creator: Burrelli, David F. & Feder, Jody
Description: This report examines the "don't ask, don't tell," policy in the U.S. military. "Don't ask, don't tell," holds that the presence in the armed forces of persons who demonstrate a propensity or intent to engage in homosexual acts would create an unacceptable risk to the high standards of morale, good order and discipline, and unit cohesion which are the essence of military capability. Service members are not to be asked about nor allowed to discuss their homosexuality.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homosexuals and the U.S. Military: Current Issues

Homosexuals and the U.S. Military: Current Issues

Date: July 18, 2008
Creator: Burrelli, David F. & Feder, Jody
Description: This report examines "don't ask, don't tell," policy in the U.S. military. "Don't ask, don't tell," holds that the presence in the armed forces of persons who demonstrate a propensity or intent to engage in homosexual acts would create an unacceptable risk to the high standards of morale, good order and discipline, and unit cohesion which are the essence of military capability. Service members are not to be asked about nor allowed to discuss their homosexuality.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homosexuals and U.S. Military Policy: Current Issues

Homosexuals and U.S. Military Policy: Current Issues

Date: May 27, 2005
Creator: Burrelli, David F & Dale, Charles V
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homosexuals and U.S. Military Policy: Current Issues

Homosexuals and U.S. Military Policy: Current Issues

Date: February 10, 2005
Creator: Burrelli, David F & Dale, Charles V
Description: This report discusses policy towards homosexuals in the U.S. military service. In 1993, new laws and regulations pertaining to homosexuals and U.S. military service came into effect reflecting a compromise in policy. This compromise, colloquially referred to as “don’t ask, don’t tell,” holds that the presence in the armed forces of persons who demonstrate a propensity or intent to engage in homosexual acts would create an unacceptable risk to the high standards of morale, good order and discipline, and unit cohesion which are the essence of military capability. Service members are not to be asked about nor allowed to discuss their homosexuality. This compromise notwithstanding, the issue has remained politically contentious.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homosexuals and U.S. Military Policy: Current Issues

Homosexuals and U.S. Military Policy: Current Issues

Date: March 13, 2006
Creator: Burrelli, David F. & Dale, Charles V.
Description: This report discusses policy towards homosexuals in the U.S. military service. In 1993, new laws and regulations pertaining to homosexuals and U.S. military service came into effect reflecting a compromise in policy. This compromise, colloquially referred to as “don’t ask, don’t tell,” holds that the presence in the armed forces of persons who demonstrate a propensity or intent to engage in homosexual acts would create an unacceptable risk to the high standards of morale, good order and discipline, and unit cohesion which are the essence of military capability. Service members are not to be asked about nor allowed to discuss their homosexuality. This compromise notwithstanding, the issue has remained politically contentious.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Lawfulness of Interrogation Techniques under the Geneva Conventions

Lawfulness of Interrogation Techniques under the Geneva Conventions

Date: September 8, 2004
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Implications of the Contagious Disease or Infections Amendment to the Civil Rights Restoration Act, S.557

Legal Implications of the Contagious Disease or Infections Amendment to the Civil Rights Restoration Act, S.557

Date: March 14, 1988
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report discusses the civil rights restoration act, S. 557, as it passed the House and Senate. This provision would most likely be interpreted as codifying the existing standards relating to section 504 interpretation concerning discrimination against individuals with handicaps.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Right of Minors to Obtain Contraceptives

Legal Right of Minors to Obtain Contraceptives

Date: September 24, 1986
Creator: Reimer, Rita Ann
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Metropolitan School Desegregation

Metropolitan School Desegregation

Date: December 15, 1980
Creator: Jordan, K. Forbis & Dale, Charles V
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The "Militarization" of Law Enforcement and the Department of Defense's "1033 Program

The "Militarization" of Law Enforcement and the Department of Defense's "1033 Program

Date: August 20, 2014
Creator: James, Nathan & Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report discusses the response of SWAT teams to extraordinary cases that has raised questions about the so called "militarization" of law enforcement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Personnel and Freedom of Religion: Selected Legal Issues

Military Personnel and Freedom of Religion: Selected Legal Issues

Date: February 1, 2011
Creator: Mason, R. Chuck & Brougher, Cynthia
Description: This report provides an overview of the requirements of the First Amendment related to military personnel's religious exercise. It analyzes current constitutional and statutory requirements regarding religious exercise, and provides a framework for how Congress and the courts might consider future issues that arise related to service members' religious exercise. Specifically, the report examines the limitations placed on service members in uniform in the exercise of their religious beliefs. It also examines the role of military chaplains and the legal challenges associated with publicly funding religious personnel. The report analyzes efforts by Congress and the Department of Defense to address the constitutional concerns that are raised by these issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Millennium Development Goals: The September 2010 U.N. High-level Meeting

The Millennium Development Goals: The September 2010 U.N. High-level Meeting

Date: December 9, 2010
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: This report discusses overarching trends in Millennium Development Goals (MDG) progress and lessons learned from previous and ongoing efforts to achieve them. The MDGs are a group of measurable development targets agreed to by 189 U.N. member states - including the United States - as part of the 2000 Millennium Declaration. The MDGs cover a number of issues, such as eradicating extreme hunger and poverty, combating HIV/AIDS, and promoting gender equality and women's empowerment. This report examines U.S. policy toward the MDGs and how, if at all, the Goals fit into U.S. development and foreign assistance policy. It also examines different schools of thought regarding the effectiveness of the Goals, their role in international development, and their long-term sustainability. This report addresses the MDGs as a whole; it does not assess or analyze issues pertaining to the individual Goals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Millennium Development Goals: The September 2010 U.N. High-level Meeting

The Millennium Development Goals: The September 2010 U.N. High-level Meeting

Date: September 23, 2010
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: This report discusses overarching trends in Millennium Development Goals (MDG) progress and lessons learned from previous and ongoing efforts to achieve them. The MDGs are a group of measurable development targets agreed to by 189 U.N. member states - including the United States - as part of the 2000 Millennium Declaration. The MDGs cover a number of issues, such as eradicating extreme hunger and poverty, combating HIV/AIDS, and promoting gender equality and women's empowerment. This report examines U.S. policy toward the MDGs and how, if at all, the Goals fit into U.S. development and foreign assistance policy. It also examines different schools of thought regarding the effectiveness of the Goals, their role in international development, and their long-term sustainability. This report addresses the MDGs as a whole; it does not assess or analyze issues pertaining to the individual Goals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Voter Registration Act of 1993: History, Implementation, and Effects

The National Voter Registration Act of 1993: History, Implementation, and Effects

Date: September 18, 2013
Creator: Crocker, Royce
Description: This report discusses the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. §1973–1973aa-6), which required states to establish voter registration procedures for federal elections so that eligible citizens might apply to register to vote (1) simultaneously while applying for a driver's license, (2) by mail, and (3) at selected state and local offices that serve the public. The law took effect on January 1, 1995, for most states.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Obscenity: A Legal Primer

Obscenity: A Legal Primer

Date: December 11, 1985
Creator: Reimer, Rita Ann
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Overview of Selected Federal Criminal Civil Rights Statutes

Overview of Selected Federal Criminal Civil Rights Statutes

Date: December 16, 2014
Creator: Smith, Alison M.
Description: Federal criminal civil rights laws impose criminal penalties for deprivation of certain federal rights, privileges, or immunities. These laws prohibit hate crimes based on race, color, religion, or national origin; the burning of places of worship; violence against health care providers; and the transport of persons (particularly women and children) for the purpose of enslavement or forced labor. Some of these laws require a discriminatory motivation while others, such as human trafficking, do not. Some cover offenders acting "under color of any law." The Federal Bureau of Investigation investigates alleged violations. Punishments can range from a fine to lifetime imprisonment; in some cases the death penalty may be imposed, depending upon the circumstances and the resulting injury, if any. This report provides a brief summary of selected federal criminal civil right statutes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pay Equity - The Comparable Worth Issue: Equal Pay for Work of Equal Value; By What Standards and By What Means?

Pay Equity - The Comparable Worth Issue: Equal Pay for Work of Equal Value; By What Standards and By What Means?

Date: April 20, 1983
Creator: Ahmuty, Alice L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Photo ID Requirements for Voting: Background and Legal Issues

Photo ID Requirements for Voting: Background and Legal Issues

Date: November 2, 2012
Creator: Coleman, Kevin J.; Fischer, Eric A. & Whitaker, L. Paige
Description: Report concerning the controversy surrounding some states' requirements that voters provide photographic identification before casting a ballot.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department