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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Lawfulness of Interrogation Techniques under the Geneva Conventions

Lawfulness of Interrogation Techniques under the Geneva Conventions

Date: September 8, 2004
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Treatment of Prisoners in Iraq: Selected Legal Issues

U.S. Treatment of Prisoners in Iraq: Selected Legal Issues

Date: January 14, 2005
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Treatment of Prisoners in Iraq: Selected Legal Issues

U.S. Treatment of Prisoners in Iraq: Selected Legal Issues

Date: May 19, 2005
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Religion and the Workplace: Legal Analysis of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 as It Applies to Religion and Religious Organizations

Religion and the Workplace: Legal Analysis of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 as It Applies to Religion and Religious Organizations

Date: January 20, 2011
Creator: Brougher, Cynthia
Description: This report reviews the scope of Title VII as it applies to religion and religious organizations and the requirements of the anti-discrimination protections and the accommodations provision. It also analyzes the exemptions available to religious organizations for the non-discrimination rules.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Discrimination in Employment: A Legal Analysis of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Discrimination in Employment: A Legal Analysis of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA)

Date: June 8, 2012
Creator: Jody Feder & Brougher, Cynthia
Description: This report discusses issues surrounding the proposed Employment Non-Discrimination Act, which would prohibit discrimination based on an individual's actual or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity by public and private employers in hiring, discharge, compensation, and other terms and conditions of employment. The stated purpose of the legislation is "to address the history and widespread pattern of discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity by private sector employers and local, State, and Federal Government employers," as well as to provide effective remedies for such discrimination. Patterned on Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the act would be enforced by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Personnel and Freedom of Religion: Selected Legal Issues

Military Personnel and Freedom of Religion: Selected Legal Issues

Date: February 1, 2011
Creator: Mason, R. Chuck & Brougher, Cynthia
Description: This report provides an overview of the requirements of the First Amendment related to military personnel's religious exercise. It analyzes current constitutional and statutory requirements regarding religious exercise, and provides a framework for how Congress and the courts might consider future issues that arise related to service members' religious exercise. Specifically, the report examines the limitations placed on service members in uniform in the exercise of their religious beliefs. It also examines the role of military chaplains and the legal challenges associated with publicly funding religious personnel. The report analyzes efforts by Congress and the Department of Defense to address the constitutional concerns that are raised by these issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Racial Profiling: Legal and Constitutional Issues

Racial Profiling: Legal and Constitutional Issues

Date: April 16, 2012
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: Racial profiling is the practice of targeting individuals for police or security detention based on their race or ethnicity in the belief that certain minority groups are more likely to engage in unlawful behavior. Examples of racial profiling by law enforcement agencies suggest that minorities are disproportionately the subject of security-related practices. The issue has periodically attracted congressional interest and several courts have considered the constitutional ramifications of the practice as an "unreasonable search and seizure" under the Fourth Amendment and, more recently, as a denial of the Fourteenth Amendment's equal protection guarantee. A variety of federal and state statutes provide potential relief to individuals who claim that their rights are violated by race-based law enforcement practices and policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Prohibiting Discrimination Against Handicapped Individuals in Federally Aided Programs: Section 504 of The Rehabilitation Act of 1973, As Amended

Prohibiting Discrimination Against Handicapped Individuals in Federally Aided Programs: Section 504 of The Rehabilitation Act of 1973, As Amended

Date: July 16, 1981
Creator: Smith, Mary F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Equal Rights Amendment (Proposed)

Equal Rights Amendment (Proposed)

Date: July 8, 1982
Creator: Gladstone, Leslie W
Description: The proposed Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was first introduced in 1923, and was passed by the Congress in 1972. In 1978, Congress extended the original deadline for ratification of the ERA. Thus, if it receives approval in the form of ratification by 38 States before June 30, 1982, the measure will become the 27th Amendment to the Constitution, and will require equal treatment under Federal and State laws and practices for all persons, regardless of sex.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Right of Minors to Obtain Contraceptives

Legal Right of Minors to Obtain Contraceptives

Date: September 24, 1986
Creator: Reimer, Rita Ann
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department