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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The 2009 U.N. Durban Review Conference: Follow-Up to the 2001 U.N. World Conference Against Racism

The 2009 U.N. Durban Review Conference: Follow-Up to the 2001 U.N. World Conference Against Racism

Date: November 20, 2008
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report provides information on the 2001 World Conference Against Racism and the circumstances of U.S. withdrawal. It discusses preparations for the Durban Review Conference, including U.S. policy and reaction from other governments. It highlights possible issues for the 111th Congress, including the Review Conference preparatory process, U.S. funding of the Conference, and the political and diplomatic impact of U.S. engagement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afro-Latinos in Latin America and Considerations for U.S. Policy

Afro-Latinos in Latin America and Considerations for U.S. Policy

Date: July 7, 2008
Creator: Seelke, Claire Ribando
Description: This report reviews and analyzes the situation, concerns, and activities of Afro-descendants in the Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking nations of Latin America. It then discusses current U.S. foreign aid programs, as well as multilateral initiatives, that have directly or indirectly assisted Afro-Latinos. The report concludes with a discussion of potential policy options that have been proposed should the United States elect to provide further support for Afro-Latinos.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Coverage of Contagious Diseases

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Coverage of Contagious Diseases

Date: October 15, 2008
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), provides broad nondiscrimination protection for individuals with disabilities in employment public services, public accommodations and services operated by private entities, transportation, and telecommunication. This report briefly discusses the Americans with Disabilities Act's statutory provisions relating to contagious diseases and relevant judicial interpretations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): Statutory Language and Recent Issues

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): Statutory Language and Recent Issues

Date: December 13, 2001
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report summarizes the major provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), and also discusses selected recent issues, including ten ADA Supreme Court cases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): Statutory Language and Recent Issues

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): Statutory Language and Recent Issues

Date: August 1, 2002
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report summarizes the major provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), and also discusses selected recent issues, including ten ADA Supreme Court cases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): Statutory Language and Recent Issues

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): Statutory Language and Recent Issues

Date: April 23, 2003
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report summarizes the major provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), and also discusses selected recent issues, including ten ADA Supreme Court cases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): Statutory Language and Recent Issues

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): Statutory Language and Recent Issues

Date: January 21, 2003
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: This report summarizes the major provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), and also discusses selected recent issues, including ten ADA Supreme Court cases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): The Definition of Disability

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): The Definition of Disability

Date: March 9, 2006
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: The threshold issue in any Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) case is whether the individual alleging discrimination is an individual with a disability. The ADA definition is a functional one and does not list specific disabilities. This report discusses the definition of "disability." It also briefly discusses the Supreme Court's opinions and analyze how the lower courts are interpreting the Supreme Court's holdings.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Assistance to Afghan and Iraqi Women: Issues for Congress

Assistance to Afghan and Iraqi Women: Issues for Congress

Date: June 18, 2004
Creator: Armanios, Febe & Margesson, Rhoda
Description: This report reviews the U.S.-sponsored funding and programs directed toward women and children in Afghanistan and Iraq. The national and international response to the plight of Afghan and Iraqi women, even to their most recent experience under the Taliban in Afghanistan or Baathist regime in Iraq, will impact their future role and the long-term developments in each country, such as the implementation of a new constitution, the incorporation of women in local and national governance, the role of Islam and the state, the growth of the economy, the curbing of security concerns, and the role of U.S. and international assistance. This report will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civil Rights Commission Reauthorization

Civil Rights Commission Reauthorization

Date: April 10, 1998
Creator: Gladstone, Leslie W
Description: The Civil Rights Commission Act of 1998 (H.R. 3117) would reauthorize the commission through FY2001. It was introduced by Representative Canady on January 28, 1998, referred to the Committee on the Judiciary, and reported with an amendment on March 2, 1998. It passed the House, amended, by voice vote on March 18.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civil Rights Legislation: Responses to Grove City College v. Bell

Civil Rights Legislation: Responses to Grove City College v. Bell

Date: May 27, 1988
Creator: Lyke, Robert F
Description: This report discusses how broad should the coverage of Federal civil rights laws be? This was the central issue in the debate over legislation introduced in response to the February 1984 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Grove City College v. Bell.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civil Rights of Individuals with Disabilities: The Opinions of Judge Alito

Civil Rights of Individuals with Disabilities: The Opinions of Judge Alito

Date: December 2, 2005
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: Judge Samuel Alito Jr. was nominated by President Bush to the U.S. Supreme Court on October 31, 2005. This report examines the opinions written by Judge Alito relating to civil rights for individuals with disabilities and includes a discussion of cases relating to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and the Fair Housing Amendments Act. In addition, Judge Alito’s federalism decisions are briefly analyzed and their potential impact on disability related issues is discussed. Decisions authored by Judge Alito, as well as selected dissents and decisions where he joined the majority are examined.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civil Rights Opinions of U.S. Supreme Court Nominee Samuel Alito: A Legal Overview

Civil Rights Opinions of U.S. Supreme Court Nominee Samuel Alito: A Legal Overview

Date: December 12, 2005
Creator: Dale, Charles V
Description: During his 15 years as a federal appellate judge on the Third Circuit, Judge Alito has written for the majority, concurred, or dissented in several cases alleging discrimination based on race, ethnicity, gender, religion, and other prohibited grounds. His legal positions in these cases have varied, depending on the facts and law being applied, and defy rigid or facile classification. Nonetheless, some continuity in judicial approach, both substantive and procedural, may arguably be discerned from a review of several of his significant opinions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civil Rights Restoration Act: Bibliography-in-Brief, 1984-1988

Civil Rights Restoration Act: Bibliography-in-Brief, 1984-1988

Date: April 29, 1988
Creator: Dove, Charles
Description: This bibliography includes references to magazine articles, monographs, and congressional documents which discuss civil rights legislation following 1984 Supreme Court decision in Grove City v. Bell which ruled title IX applies only to the specific program receiving federal financial assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987: Legal Analysis of S.557

The Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987: Legal Analysis of S.557

Date: March 1, 1988
Creator: Lewis, Karen J & Dale, Charles V
Description: The Senate i n January 1988 passed S. 557 with amendments to “restore the...broad institution – wide application" of certain federal civil rights laws in the wake of t h e U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Grove City College v. Bell . This report discusses the background and contents of this legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Redistricting and the Voting Rights Act: A Legal Overview

Congressional Redistricting and the Voting Rights Act: A Legal Overview

Date: April 2, 2013
Creator: Whitaker, L. Paige
Description: This report provides a legal overview of two key provisions of the Voting Rights Act (VRA) affecting congressional redistricting — Sections 2 and 5 — and selected accompanying Supreme Court case law. It examines a pending Supreme Court case, Shelby County, Alabama v. Holder, challenging the constitutionality of Section 5. It also provides a summary of selected legislation in the 112th and 113th Congresses that would establish additional requirements and standards for congressional redistricting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW): Congressional Issues

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW): Congressional Issues

Date: August 5, 2008
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report provides an overview of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and describes its background, objectives, and structure, including the role of the Convention's monitoring body, the CEDAW Committee. It examines U.S. policy and issues in the U.S. ratification debate, including the Convention's possible impact on U.S. sovereignty, its effectiveness in combating discrimination, and its role as an instrument of U.S. foreign policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW): Congressional Issues

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW): Congressional Issues

Date: October 28, 2008
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report provides an overview of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and describes its background, objectives, and structure, including the role of the Convention's monitoring body, the CEDAW Committee. It examines U.S. policy and issues in the U.S. ratification debate, including the Convention's possible impact on U.S. sovereignty, its effectiveness in combating discrimination, and its role as an instrument of U.S. foreign policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": A Legal Analysis

"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": A Legal Analysis

Date: August 6, 2013
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report provides a legal analysis of the various constitutional challenges that have been brought against "Don't Ask, Don't Tell (DADT)".
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": A Legal Analysis

"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": A Legal Analysis

Date: June 3, 2010
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: In 1993, after many months of study, debate, and political controversy, Congress passed and President Clinton signed legislation establishing a revised "[p]olicy concerning homosexuality in the armed forces." The new legislation reflected a compromise regarding the U.S. military's policy toward members of the armed forces who engage in homosexual conduct. This compromise, colloquially referred to as "Don't Ask, Don't Tell (DADT)," holds that "[t]he presence in the armed forces of persons who demonstrate a propensity or intent to engage in homosexual acts would create an unacceptable risk to the high standards of morale, good order and discipline, and unit cohesion which are the essence of military capability." Service members are not to be asked about, nor allowed to discuss, their sexual orientation. This compromise notwithstanding, the issue has remained both politically and legally contentious. This report provides a legal analysis of the various constitutional challenges that have been brought against DADT.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": A Legal Analysis

"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": A Legal Analysis

Date: September 2, 2009
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: In 1993, after many months of study, debate, and political controversy, Congress passed and President Clinton signed legislation establishing a revised "[p]olicy concerning homosexuality in the armed forces." The new legislation reflected a compromise regarding the U.S. military's policy toward members of the armed forces who engage in homosexual conduct. This compromise, colloquially referred to as "Don't Ask, Don't Tell (DADT)," holds that "[t]he presence in the armed forces of persons who demonstrate a propensity or intent to engage in homosexual acts would create an unacceptable risk to the high standards of morale, good order and discipline, and unit cohesion which are the essence of military capability." Service members are not to be asked about, nor allowed to discuss, their sexual orientation. This compromise notwithstanding, the issue has remained both politically and legally contentious. This report provides a legal analysis of the various constitutional challenges that have been brought against DADT.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": A Legal Analysis

"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": A Legal Analysis

Date: December 20, 2010
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report provides a legal analysis of the various constitutional challenges that have been brought against "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" (DADT).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": A Legal Analysis

"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": A Legal Analysis

Date: September 15, 2010
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report provides a legal analysis of the various constitutional challenges that have been brought against "Don't Ask, Don't Tell (DADT)".
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": A Legal Analysis

"Don't Ask, Don't Tell": A Legal Analysis

Date: September 30, 2010
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: In recent years, several Members of Congress have expressed interest in amending "Don't Ask, Don't Tell," (DADT) a legislation that requires those of homosexual orientation in the military to keep quiet about their orientation in order to maintain "morale, good order and discipline, and unit cohesion." At least two bills that would repeal the law and replace it with a policy of nondiscrimination on the basis of sexual orientation - H.R. 1283 and S. 3065 - have been introduced in the 111th Congress. This report provides a legal analysis of the various constitutional challenges that have been brought against DADT; for a policy analysis, see CRS Report R40782, "Don't Ask, Don't Tell": Military Policy and the Law on
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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