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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Civil Rights Opinions of U.S. Supreme Court Nominee Samuel Alito: A Legal Overview

Civil Rights Opinions of U.S. Supreme Court Nominee Samuel Alito: A Legal Overview

Date: December 12, 2005
Creator: Dale, Charles V
Description: During his 15 years as a federal appellate judge on the Third Circuit, Judge Alito has written for the majority, concurred, or dissented in several cases alleging discrimination based on race, ethnicity, gender, religion, and other prohibited grounds. His legal positions in these cases have varied, depending on the facts and law being applied, and defy rigid or facile classification. Nonetheless, some continuity in judicial approach, both substantive and procedural, may arguably be discerned from a review of several of his significant opinions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civil Rights of Individuals with Disabilities: The Opinions of Judge Alito

Civil Rights of Individuals with Disabilities: The Opinions of Judge Alito

Date: December 2, 2005
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee
Description: Judge Samuel Alito Jr. was nominated by President Bush to the U.S. Supreme Court on October 31, 2005. This report examines the opinions written by Judge Alito relating to civil rights for individuals with disabilities and includes a discussion of cases relating to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and the Fair Housing Amendments Act. In addition, Judge Alito’s federalism decisions are briefly analyzed and their potential impact on disability related issues is discussed. Decisions authored by Judge Alito, as well as selected dissents and decisions where he joined the majority are examined.
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Rumsfeld v. FAIR:

Rumsfeld v. FAIR:

Date: November 15, 2005
Creator: Muhlfeld, Alison
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Assistance to Afghan and Iraqi Women: Issues for Congress

Assistance to Afghan and Iraqi Women: Issues for Congress

Date: June 18, 2004
Creator: Armanios, Febe & Margesson, Rhoda
Description: This report reviews the U.S.-sponsored funding and programs directed toward women and children in Afghanistan and Iraq. The national and international response to the plight of Afghan and Iraqi women, even to their most recent experience under the Taliban in Afghanistan or Baathist regime in Iraq, will impact their future role and the long-term developments in each country, such as the implementation of a new constitution, the incorporation of women in local and national governance, the role of Islam and the state, the growth of the economy, the curbing of security concerns, and the role of U.S. and international assistance. This report will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Equal Rights Amendment (Proposed)

Equal Rights Amendment (Proposed)

Date: October 18, 1974
Creator: Holcomb, Morrigene
Description: The proposed Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was first introduced in 1923, and was passed by the Congress in 1972. In 1978, Congress extended the original deadline for ratification of the ERA. Thus, if it receives approval in the form of ratification by 38 States before June 30, 1982, the measure will become the 27th Amendment to the Constitution, and will require equal treatment under Federal and State laws and practices for all persons, regardless of sex.
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Equal Rights Amendments: State Provisions

Equal Rights Amendments: State Provisions

Date: August 23, 2004
Creator: Gladstone, Leslie W
Description: Twenty states adopted state equal rights amendments between 1879 and 1998. The texts of most of these amendments either are similar to the proposed federal amendment or restate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. The timing of the enactment of these state amendments and the choice of wording reflect both the ebb and flow of the women's movement in the United States and the political culture of the particular states at the time of passage. A brief history of the women's rights movement as it relates to the passage of state equal rights amendments is included. The report ends with the text and the date of enactment of each amendment.
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Federal Civil Rights Statutes: A Primer

Federal Civil Rights Statutes: A Primer

Date: September 9, 2005
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Women in Iraq: Background and Issues for U.S. Policy

Women in Iraq: Background and Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: June 23, 2005
Creator: Pina, Aaron D
Description: The issue of women’s rights in Iraq has taken on new relevance, following the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003, efforts to reconstruct Iraq, and recent elections for a Transitional National Assembly (TNA). Over the past three years, the Bush Administration has reiterated its interest in ensuring that Iraqi women participate in politics and ongoing reconstruction efforts in Iraq. There has also been a widening debate regarding the extent to which the U.S.-led reconstruction efforts have been able to enhance women’s rights in Iraq and encourage their participation in Iraq’s governing institutions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Equal Rights for Women

Equal Rights for Women

Date: October 14, 1987
Creator: Gladstone, Leslie W
Description: Amendments to the Constitution to provide equality of rights for women have been reintroduced in every Congress from the 67th i n 1923 to the 100th in 1987. Also proposed in recent years, although not to date in the 100th Congress, has been legislation to improve women's rights without amending the Constitution: a statue to forbid enforcement of a classification based on sex -- except where necessary to achieve a “compelling state interest, " and a measure providing for selective revision of existing Federal laws that discriminate on the basis of sex.
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Homosexuals and U.S. Military Policy: Current Issues

Homosexuals and U.S. Military Policy: Current Issues

Date: May 27, 2005
Creator: Burrelli, David F & Dale, Charles V
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department