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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Detainees at Guantànamo Bay

Detainees at Guantànamo Bay

Date: July 20, 2005
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: After the U.S. Supreme Court held that U.S. courts have jurisdiction to hear legal challenges on behalf of more than 500 persons detained at the U.S. Naval Station in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba in connection with the war against terrorism, the Pentagon established administrative hearings, called “Combatant Status Review Tribunals” (CSRTs), to allow the detainees to contest their status as enemy combatants. This report provides an overview of the CSRT procedures and summarizes court cases related to the detentions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Detainee Provisions in the National Defense Authorization Bills

Detainee Provisions in the National Defense Authorization Bills

Date: November 18, 2011
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K. & Garcia, Michael John
Description: This report offers a brief background of the salient issues raised by H.R. 1540 and S. 1867 regarding detention matters, provides a section-by-section analysis of the relevant subdivision of each bill, and compares the bills' approaches with respect to the major issues they address.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Data Security: Protecting the Privacy of Phone Records

Data Security: Protecting the Privacy of Phone Records

Date: May 17, 2006
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie & Rainson, Tara Alexandra
Description: This report discusses recent legislative and regulatory efforts to protect the privacy of customer telephone records, and efforts to prevent the unauthorized use, disclosure, or sale of such records by data brokers. In addition, it provides a brief overview of the confidentiality protections for customer information established by the Communications Act of 1934.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Data Security: Protecting the Privacy of Phone Records

Data Security: Protecting the Privacy of Phone Records

Date: February 28, 2006
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie & Rainson, Tara Alexandra
Description: This report discusses recent legislative and regulatory efforts to protect the privacy of customer telephone records, and efforts to prevent the unauthorized use, disclosure, or sale of such records by data brokers. In addition, it provides a brief overview of the confidentiality protections for customer information established by the Communications Act of 1934.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Brief Summary of the HIPAA Medical Privacy Rule

A Brief Summary of the HIPAA Medical Privacy Rule

Date: April 30, 2003
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the modified HIPAA Privacy rule, “Standards for the Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information” (“privacy rule”) published on August 14, 2002 by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Brief Summary of the Medical Privacy Rule

A Brief Summary of the Medical Privacy Rule

Date: February 14, 2003
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the modified medical privacy rule, “Standards for the Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information”(“privacy rule”) published on August 14, 2002 by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The privacy regulation creates a new federal floor of privacy protections while leaving in place more protective state rules or practices. The rule establishes a set of basic consumer protections and a series of regulatory permissions for uses and disclosures of protected health information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Brief Summary of the Medical Privacy Rule

A Brief Summary of the Medical Privacy Rule

Date: August 27, 2002
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the recently modified medical privacy rule, “Standards for the Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information”(“privacy rule”) published on August 14, 2002 by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The privacy rule went into effect April 14, 2001, with compliance required by April 2003 for most entities. The regulation creates a new federal floor of privacy protections while leaving in place more protective state rules or practices. The rule establishes a set of basic consumer protections and a series of regulatory permissions for uses and disclosures of protected health information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Brief Summary of the Medical Privacy Rule

A Brief Summary of the Medical Privacy Rule

Date: April 10, 2002
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie
Description: On March 27, 2002 the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published its proposed changes to the medical privacy regulations issued by the Clinton Administration under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (“HIPAA”). HHS is accepting comments on the proposed changes until April 26, 2002. This report provides an overview of the final rule for “Standards for the Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information” ( “privacy rule”) that went into effect on April 14, 2001, and an overview of the Bush Administration’s proposed changes to the privacy regulation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Relations with Central Asian States and Problems with Terrorism

China's Relations with Central Asian States and Problems with Terrorism

Date: October 7, 2002
Creator: McNeal, Dewardric L & Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: This report provides an overview of the Muslim separatist movement in China’s northwestern Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China’s attempts to stifle activities which it considers terrorism, and implications for U.S. policy. Some analysts suggest that the U.S.-led campaign against terrorism may make it difficult to pressure the Chinese government on human rights and religious freedoms, particularly as they relate to Uighur Muslims in Xinjiang.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Treatment of "Battlefield Detainees" in the War on Terrorism

Treatment of "Battlefield Detainees" in the War on Terrorism

Date: July 28, 2005
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Encryption Technology: Congressional Issues

Encryption Technology: Congressional Issues

Date: July 9, 1998
Creator: Nunno, Richard M
Description: This report discusses primarily, the controversy over encryption concerns what access the government should have to encrypted stored computer data or electronic communications (voice and data, wired and wireless) for law enforcement purposes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Health Information Standards, Privacy, and Security: HIPAA's Administrative Simplification Regulations

Health Information Standards, Privacy, and Security: HIPAA's Administrative Simplification Regulations

Date: June 14, 2001
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Interrogation of Detainees: Requirements of the Detainee Treatment Act

Interrogation of Detainees: Requirements of the Detainee Treatment Act

Date: January 23, 2009
Creator: Garcia, Michael J.
Description: This report discusses provisions of the Detainee Treatment Act concerning standards for the interrogation and treatment of detainees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Compliance with the HIPAA Medical Privacy Rule

Compliance with the HIPAA Medical Privacy Rule

Date: April 24, 2003
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie
Description: As of April 14, 2003, most health care providers (including doctors and hospitals) and health plans are required to comply with the new Privacy Rule mandated by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (“HIPAA”), and must comply with national standards to protect individually identifiable health information. The HIPAA Privacy Rule creates a federal floor of privacy protections for individually identifiable health information; establishes a set of basic consumer protections; institutes a series of regulatory permissions for uses and disclosures of protected health information; permits any person to file an administrative complaint for violations; and authorizes the imposition of civil or criminal penalties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA): Issues for the 111th Congress

Freedom of Information Act (FOIA): Issues for the 111th Congress

Date: August 12, 2009
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy R.
Description: This report includes a brief history of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), discusses subsequent modifications of FOIA, addresses statutory changes to FOIA that have not yet been implemented, examines Obama Administration efforts to modify the act, and outlines possible legislative issues related to the act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Interrogation of Detainees: Requirements of the Detainee Treatment Act

Interrogation of Detainees: Requirements of the Detainee Treatment Act

Date: August 26, 2009
Creator: Garcia, Michael J.
Description: This report discusses provisions of the Detainee Treatment Act concerning standards for the interrogation and treatment of detainees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United States v. Jones: GPS Monitoring, Property, and Privacy

United States v. Jones: GPS Monitoring, Property, and Privacy

Date: April 30, 2012
Creator: Thompson, Richard M., II
Description: In United States v. Jones, 132 S. Ct. 945 (2012), a Global Positioning System (GPS) device was attached to the undercarriage of Jones's car by the police to track his movements for four weeks. This report will examine three decisions regarding searching, attachment, and monitoring in an effort to find their place in the body of existing Fourth Amendment law pertaining to privacy, property, and technology.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Personal Data Security Breaches: Context and Incident Summaries

Personal Data Security Breaches: Context and Incident Summaries

Date: December 16, 2005
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Privacy Act: Emerging Issues and Related Legislation

The Privacy Act: Emerging Issues and Related Legislation

Date: February 26, 2002
Creator: Relyea, Harold C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Privacy: An Abridged Overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act

Privacy: An Abridged Overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act

Date: March 30, 2011
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report provides an overview of federal law governing wiretapping and electronic eavesdropping under the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Privacy: An Abridged Overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act

Privacy: An Abridged Overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act

Date: October 9, 2012
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: Report that provides an overview of federal law governing wiretapping and electronic eavesdropping under the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Privacy: An Overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act

Privacy: An Overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act

Date: March 30, 2011
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report provides an overview of federal law governing wiretapping and electronic eavesdropping under the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA). It also appends citations to state law in the area and the text of ECPA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Treatment of "Battlefield Detainees" in the War on Terrorism

Treatment of "Battlefield Detainees" in the War on Terrorism

Date: March 27, 2006
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Treatment of "Battlefield Detainees" in the War on Terrorism

Treatment of "Battlefield Detainees" in the War on Terrorism

Date: April 11, 2002
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department