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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
A Brief Summary of the HIPAA Medical Privacy Rule
This report provides a brief overview of the modified HIPAA Privacy rule, “Standards for the Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information” (“privacy rule”) published on August 14, 2002 by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5165/
A Brief Summary of the Medical Privacy Rule
This report provides a brief overview of the modified medical privacy rule, “Standards for the Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information”(“privacy rule”) published on August 14, 2002 by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The privacy regulation creates a new federal floor of privacy protections while leaving in place more protective state rules or practices. The rule establishes a set of basic consumer protections and a series of regulatory permissions for uses and disclosures of protected health information. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5166/
A Brief Summary of the Medical Privacy Rule
This report provides a brief overview of the recently modified medical privacy rule, “Standards for the Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information”(“privacy rule”) published on August 14, 2002 by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The privacy rule went into effect April 14, 2001, with compliance required by April 2003 for most entities. The regulation creates a new federal floor of privacy protections while leaving in place more protective state rules or practices. The rule establishes a set of basic consumer protections and a series of regulatory permissions for uses and disclosures of protected health information. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3267/
A Brief Summary of the Medical Privacy Rule
On March 27, 2002 the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published its proposed changes to the medical privacy regulations issued by the Clinton Administration under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (“HIPAA”). HHS is accepting comments on the proposed changes until April 26, 2002. This report provides an overview of the final rule for “Standards for the Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information” ( “privacy rule”) that went into effect on April 14, 2001, and an overview of the Bush Administration’s proposed changes to the privacy regulation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3266/
China's Relations with Central Asian States and Problems with Terrorism
This report provides an overview of the Muslim separatist movement in China’s northwestern Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China’s attempts to stifle activities which it considers terrorism, and implications for U.S. policy. Some analysts suggest that the U.S.-led campaign against terrorism may make it difficult to pressure the Chinese government on human rights and religious freedoms, particularly as they relate to Uighur Muslims in Xinjiang. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6842/
Treatment of "Battlefield Detainees" in the War on Terrorism
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6924/
Encryption Technology: Congressional Issues
This report discusses primarily, the controversy over encryption concerns what access the government should have to encrypted stored computer data or electronic communications (voice and data, wired and wireless) for law enforcement purposes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs728/
Health Information Standards, Privacy, and Security: HIPAA's Administrative Simplification Regulations
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1812/
Interrogation of Detainees: Requirements of the Detainee Treatment Act
This report discusses provisions of the Detainee Treatment Act concerning standards for the interrogation and treatment of detainees. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc689213/
Compliance with the HIPAA Medical Privacy Rule
As of April 14, 2003, most health care providers (including doctors and hospitals) and health plans are required to comply with the new Privacy Rule mandated by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (“HIPAA”), and must comply with national standards to protect individually identifiable health information. The HIPAA Privacy Rule creates a federal floor of privacy protections for individually identifiable health information; establishes a set of basic consumer protections; institutes a series of regulatory permissions for uses and disclosures of protected health information; permits any person to file an administrative complaint for violations; and authorizes the imposition of civil or criminal penalties. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5175/
Freedom of Information Act (FOIA): Issues for the 111th Congress
This report includes a brief history of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), discusses subsequent modifications of FOIA, addresses statutory changes to FOIA that have not yet been implemented, examines Obama Administration efforts to modify the act, and outlines possible legislative issues related to the act. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc689420/
Interrogation of Detainees: Requirements of the Detainee Treatment Act
This report discusses provisions of the Detainee Treatment Act concerning standards for the interrogation and treatment of detainees. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc689428/
United States v. Jones: GPS Monitoring, Property, and Privacy
In United States v. Jones, 132 S. Ct. 945 (2012), a Global Positioning System (GPS) device was attached to the undercarriage of Jones's car by the police to track his movements for four weeks. This report will examine three decisions regarding searching, attachment, and monitoring in an effort to find their place in the body of existing Fourth Amendment law pertaining to privacy, property, and technology. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc85419/
Personal Data Security Breaches: Context and Incident Summaries
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8258/
The Privacy Act: Emerging Issues and Related Legislation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2243/
Privacy: An Abridged Overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act
This report provides an overview of federal law governing wiretapping and electronic eavesdropping under the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc99041/
Privacy: An Abridged Overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act
Report that provides an overview of federal law governing wiretapping and electronic eavesdropping under the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227714/
Privacy: An Overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act
This report provides an overview of federal law governing wiretapping and electronic eavesdropping under the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA). It also appends citations to state law in the area and the text of ECPA. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc99040/
Treatment of "Battlefield Detainees" in the War on Terrorism
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8644/
Treatment of "Battlefield Detainees" in the War on Terrorism
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2245/
Treatment of "Battlefield Detainees" in the War on Terrorism
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6141/
The United Nations Human Rights Council: Issues for Congress
This report provides historical background of the Council, including the role of the previous Commission. It discusses the Council's current mandate and structures, as well as U.S. policy and congressional actions. Finally, it highlights possible policy issues for the 112th Congress, including the overall effectiveness of the Council in addressing human rights, implications for U.S. membership, and U.S. financial contributions to the Council. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84063/
The United Nations Human Rights Council: Issues for Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9511/
The United Nations Human Rights Council: Issues for Congress
This report provides historical background of the the United Nations (UN) Human Rights Council, including the role of the previous Commission. It discusses the Council's current mandate and structures, as well as U.S. policy and congressional actions. Finally, it highlights possible policy issues for the 112th Congress, including the overall effectiveness of the Council in addressing human rights, implications for U.S. membership, and U.S. financial contributions to the Council. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc103198/
The United Nations Human Rights Council: Issues for Congress
This report provides historical background of the Council, including the role of the previous Commission. It discusses the Council's current mandate and structures, as well as U.S. policy and congressional actions. Finally, it highlights possible policy issues for the 112th Congress, including the overall effectiveness of the Council in addressing human rights, implications for U.S. membership, and U.S. financial contributions to the Council. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc94070/
The United Nations Human Rights Council: Issues for Congress
On March 15, 2006, the U.N. General Assembly passed a resolution replacing the Commission on Human Rights with a new Human Rights Council (the Council). The Council was designed to be an improvement over the Commission, which was widely criticized for the composition of its membership when perceived human rights abusers were elected as members. This report discusses the history of the Council, the previous participation of the Bush Administration, the current participation of the Obama Administration, and ongoing international and Congressional concerns of the credibility and effectiveness of the Council. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26246/
The Religious Freedom Amendment: H.J. Res. 78, As Reported by the House Judiciary Committee
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs575/
Privacy Protection for Customer Financial Information
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3925/
Privacy Protection for Customer Financial Information
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3922/
Privacy Protection for Customer Financial Information
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3921/
Privacy Protection: Mandating New Arrangements to Implement and Assess Federal Privacy Policy and Practice
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5754/
Privacy: An Overview of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act
Report that provides an overview of federal law governing wiretapping and electronic eavesdropping under the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA). It also appends citations to state law in the area and the text of ECPA. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227713/
Privacy Protection for Customer Financial Information
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1456/
Privacy Protection for Customer Financial Information
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2247/
Privacy Protection for Customer Financial Information
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2248/
Privacy Protection for Customer Financial Information
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2246/
Privacy Protection for Customer Financial Information
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3924/
Privacy Protection for Customer Financial Information
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3926/
Privacy Protection for Customer Financial Information
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3923/
Pilotless Drones: Background and Considerations for Congress Regarding Unmanned Aircraft Operations in the National Airspace System
Report that covers the history and current status of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Particular attention is paid to recent privacy implications and potential intrusiveness of drone operations that have emerged as a significant issue before Congress. It also looks at the current Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) timeline to establish six test ranges throughout the United States to study unmanned aircraft integration technical issues. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc227807/
"Property Rights" Bills Take a Process Approach: H.R. 992 and H.R. 1534
In the 105th Congress, the property rights agenda has shifted from "compensation" to "process" bills. While the former would ease the standards for when property owners harmed by government action are compensated, the new approach simply streamlines how federal courts handle such claims. This report examines the three leading process bills -- H.R. 992, House-passed H.R. 1534, and Senate-reported H.R. 1534. The bills embody two process approaches: allowing property owners suing the United States to bring invalidation and compensation claims in the same court, and lowering abstention and ripeness barriers when suing local governments in federal court for property rights violations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs571/
Property Rights: Comparison of H.R. 9 as Passed and S. 605 as Reported
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs300/
Property Rights: House Judiciary Committee Reports H.R. 2372
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1109/
The Property Rights Implementation Act of 1998
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs576/
Privacy Protections for Personal Information Online
This report examines some of the efforts being made to protect of personal information, through federal laws and regulations. This report provides a brief overview of selected recent developments in the area of federal privacy law. This report does not cover workplace privacy laws or state privacy laws. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc99059/
Privacy: Total Information Awareness Programs and Related Information Access, Collection, and Protection Laws
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3920/
Privacy: Total Information Awareness Programs and Related Information Access, Collection, and Protection Laws
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3918/
Online Privacy Protection: Issues and Developments
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs1454/
Online Privacy Protection: Issues and Developments
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs895/
Enemy Combatant Detainees: Habeas Corpus Challenges in Federal Court
This report provides an overview of the Combatant Status Review Tribunals (CSRTs) procedures. It summarizes relevant court cases and the effect of the Detainee Treatment Act, as well as pending legislation. The report also provides an analysis of relevant constitutional issues that may have some bearing on Congress's options with respect to detainees held at Guantanamo and elsewhere. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc743639/