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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Obscenity, Child Pornography, and Indecency: Recent Developments and Pending Issues

Obscenity, Child Pornography, and Indecency: Recent Developments and Pending Issues

Date: June 26, 2002
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Date: July 1, 2002
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Date: July 18, 2002
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Privacy Protection for Customer Financial Information

Privacy Protection for Customer Financial Information

Date: August 6, 2002
Creator: Murphy, M. Maureen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Brief Summary of the Medical Privacy Rule

A Brief Summary of the Medical Privacy Rule

Date: August 27, 2002
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the recently modified medical privacy rule, “Standards for the Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information”(“privacy rule”) published on August 14, 2002 by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The privacy rule went into effect April 14, 2001, with compliance required by April 2003 for most entities. The regulation creates a new federal floor of privacy protections while leaving in place more protective state rules or practices. The rule establishes a set of basic consumer protections and a series of regulatory permissions for uses and disclosures of protected health information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Date: August 28, 2002
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Infrastructure Information Disclosure and Homeland Security

Critical Infrastructure Information Disclosure and Homeland Security

Date: August 31, 2002
Creator: Moteff, John D & Stevens, Gina Marie
Description: This report discusses the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) that was passed to ensure by statute citizen access to government information. Nine categories of information may be exempted from disclosure. Three of the nine exemptions provide possible protection against the release of critical infrastructure information: exemption 1 (national security information); exemption 3 (information exempted by statute); and exemption 4 (confidential business information). Congress has considered several proposals to exempt critical infrastructure information from the FOIA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medical Records Privacy: Questions and Answers on the HIPAA Final Rule

Medical Records Privacy: Questions and Answers on the HIPAA Final Rule

Date: October 3, 2002
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: This report discusses the issue facing Congress on whether to continue to support the executive branch’s prosecution of medical marijuana patients and their providers, in accordance with marijuana’s status as a Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act, or whether to relax federal marijuana prohibition enough to permit the medical use of botanical cannabis products by seriously ill persons, especially in states that have created medical marijuana programs under state law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China's Relations with Central Asian States and Problems with Terrorism

China's Relations with Central Asian States and Problems with Terrorism

Date: October 7, 2002
Creator: McNeal, Dewardric L & Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: This report provides an overview of the Muslim separatist movement in China’s northwestern Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China’s attempts to stifle activities which it considers terrorism, and implications for U.S. policy. Some analysts suggest that the U.S.-led campaign against terrorism may make it difficult to pressure the Chinese government on human rights and religious freedoms, particularly as they relate to Uighur Muslims in Xinjiang.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Privacy Protection for Customer Financial Information

Privacy Protection for Customer Financial Information

Date: October 7, 2002
Creator: Murphy, M. Maureen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Date: October 9, 2002
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and "Falun Gong"

China and "Falun Gong"

Date: November 1, 2002
Creator: Lum, Thomas
Description: “Falun Gong,” also known as “Falun Dafa,”1 combines an exercise regimen with meditation and moral tenets. The “Falun Gong” movement has led to the largest and most protracted public demonstrations in China since the democracy movement of 1989. On April 25, 1999, an estimated 10,000 to 30,000 adherents assembled in front of Zhongnanhai, the Chinese Communist Party leadership compound, and participated in a silent protest against state repression of their activities. On July 21, 1999, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) government, fearful of the spread of social unrest, outlawed the movement and began to arrest Falun Gong protesters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Obscenity, Child Pornography, and Indecency: Recent Developments and Pending Issues

Obscenity, Child Pornography, and Indecency: Recent Developments and Pending Issues

Date: November 13, 2002
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Freedom of Speech and Press: Exceptions to the First Amendment

Freedom of Speech and Press: Exceptions to the First Amendment

Date: November 20, 2002
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: The First Amendment to the United States Constitution provides that “Congress shall make no law . . . abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press. . . .” This language restricts government both more and less than it would if it were applied literally. It restricts government more in that it applies not only to Congress, but to all branches of the federal government, and to all branches of state and local government. It restricts government less in that it provides no protection to some types of speech and only limited protection to others. This report provides an overview of the major exceptions to the First Amendment — of the ways that the Supreme Court has interpreted the guarantee of freedom of speech and press to provide no protection or only limited protection for some types of speech.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Date: November 27, 2002
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medical Records Privacy: Questions and Answers on the HIPAA Final Rule

Medical Records Privacy: Questions and Answers on the HIPAA Final Rule

Date: January 3, 2003
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: This report discusses the issue facing Congress on whether to continue to support the executive branch’s prosecution of medical marijuana patients and their providers, in accordance with marijuana’s status as a Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act, or whether to relax federal marijuana prohibition enough to permit the medical use of botanical cannabis products by seriously ill persons, especially in states that have created medical marijuana programs under state law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Date: January 14, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Travel Restrictions: U.S. Government Limits on American Citizens' Travel Abroad

Travel Restrictions: U.S. Government Limits on American Citizens' Travel Abroad

Date: January 28, 2003
Creator: Epstein, Susan B & Rennack, Dianne E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Critical Infrastructure Information Disclosure and Homeland Security

Critical Infrastructure Information Disclosure and Homeland Security

Date: January 29, 2003
Creator: Moteff, John D & Stevens, Gina Marie
Description: This report discusses the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) that was passed to ensure by statute citizen access to government information. Nine categories of information may be exempted from disclosure. Three of the nine exemptions provide possible protection against the release of critical infrastructure information: exemption 1 (national security information); exemption 3 (information exempted by statute); and exemption 4 (confidential business information). Congress has considered several proposals to exempt critical infrastructure information from the FOIA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Detention of American Citizens as Enemy Combatants

Detention of American Citizens as Enemy Combatants

Date: January 30, 2003
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: This report provides background information regarding the cases of two U.S. citizens deemed “enemy combatants,” Yaser Esam Hamdi, who has been returned to Saudi Arabia, and Jose Padilla, who remains in military custody. The report addresses the constitutional and statutory sources that arguably provide authority for the detention of enemy combatants, as well as those that may prevent the exercise of that power with respect to U.S. citizens. The report concludes that historically, even during declared wars, additional statutory authority has been seen as necessary to validate the detention of citizens not members of any armed forces, casting in some doubt the argument that the power to detain is necessarily implied by an authorization to use force. Finally, the report briefly analyzes the Detention of Enemy Combatants Act, H.R. 1029, which would authorize the President to detain U.S. citizens and residents who are determined to be “enemy combatants” in certain circumstances.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Privacy Protection for Customer Financial Information

Privacy Protection for Customer Financial Information

Date: January 31, 2003
Creator: Murphy, M. Maureen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Internet Privacy: Overview and Pending Legislation

Date: February 6, 2003
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China and "Falun Gong"

China and "Falun Gong"

Date: February 12, 2003
Creator: Lum, Thomas
Description: “Falun Gong,” also known as “Falun Dafa,”1 combines an exercise regimen with meditation and moral tenets. The “Falun Gong” movement has led to the largest and most protracted public demonstrations in China since the democracy movement of 1989. On April 25, 1999, an estimated 10,000 to 30,000 adherents assembled in front of Zhongnanhai, the Chinese Communist Party leadership compound, and participated in a silent protest against state repression of their activities. On July 21, 1999, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) government, fearful of the spread of social unrest, outlawed the movement and began to arrest Falun Gong protesters.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Brief Summary of the Medical Privacy Rule

A Brief Summary of the Medical Privacy Rule

Date: February 14, 2003
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the modified medical privacy rule, “Standards for the Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information”(“privacy rule”) published on August 14, 2002 by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The privacy regulation creates a new federal floor of privacy protections while leaving in place more protective state rules or practices. The rule establishes a set of basic consumer protections and a series of regulatory permissions for uses and disclosures of protected health information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department