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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Early Childhood Education: Preschool Participation, Program Efficacy, and Federal Policy Issues

Early Childhood Education: Preschool Participation, Program Efficacy, and Federal Policy Issues

Date: January 24, 2005
Creator: McCallion, Gail
Description: This report examines what we currently know about preprimary programs, including numbers of children served and their family characteristics; as well as data on the efficacy of preprimary programs in enhancing later learning and other life skills. Current federal programs that serve preschool age children are described, and policy issues which may arise as the federal role in early childhood education is debated are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Early Childhood Education: Preschool Participation, Program Efficacy, and Federal Policy Issues

Early Childhood Education: Preschool Participation, Program Efficacy, and Federal Policy Issues

Date: January 19, 2006
Creator: McCallion, Gail
Description: This report examines what we currently know about preprimary programs, including numbers of children served and their family characteristics; as well as data on the efficacy of preprimary programs in enhancing later learning and other life skills. It also discusses federal programs that serve preschool age children are described, and policy issues which may arise as the federal role in early childhood education.
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Education for the Disadvantaged: ESEA Title I Allocation Formula Provisions

Education for the Disadvantaged: ESEA Title I Allocation Formula Provisions

Date: January 8, 2001
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: Title I, Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) authorizes federal aid to state and local educational agencies (SEAs, LEAs) for the education of disadvantaged children. Title I grants are used to provide supplementary educational and related services to low-achieving children attending schools with relatively high concentrations of pupils from low-income families. Services may be provided at pre-kindergarten through high school levels. Title I has been the anchor of the ESEA since it was first enacted in 1965, and is the largest federal elementary and secondary education assistance program.
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Education for the Disadvantaged: Overview of ESEA Title 1-A Amendments Under the No Child Left Behind Act

Education for the Disadvantaged: Overview of ESEA Title 1-A Amendments Under the No Child Left Behind Act

Date: April 6, 2004
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: This report provides an overview of aspects of ESEA Title I-A which were substantially amended by the NCLBA; elements of the program which are important but which were not substantially revised by the NCLBA (such as parental involvement requirements) are not discussed in this report. Other current and forthcoming reports will provide more detailed discussions and analyses of selected major aspects of the program, including pupil assessments,2 accountability, and allocation formulas. This report will be updated regularly, to reflect significant actions regarding funding and implementation of the NCLBA provisions.
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Education for the Disadvantaged: Overview of ESEA Title 1-A Amendments Under the No Child Left Behind Act

Education for the Disadvantaged: Overview of ESEA Title 1-A Amendments Under the No Child Left Behind Act

Date: October 28, 2004
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: Title I, Part A, of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) authorizes federal aid to local educational agencies (LEAs) for the education of disadvantaged children. Title I-A grants provide supplementary educational and related services to low-achieving and other pupils attending schools with relatively high concentrations of pupils from low-income families in pre-kindergarten through grade 12. Title I-A is the largest federal elementary and secondary education assistance program, with services provided to (a) over 90% of all LEAs; (b) approximately 45,000 (58% of all) public schools; and (c) approximately 11 million (22% of all) pupils, including approximately 167,000 pupils attending private schools. Four-fifths of all pupils served are in pre-kindergarten through grade 6, while only 5% of pupils served are in grades 10-12.
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Education for the Disadvantaged: Reauthorization Issues for ESEA Title I-A Under the No Child Left Behind Act

Education for the Disadvantaged: Reauthorization Issues for ESEA Title I-A Under the No Child Left Behind Act

Date: September 17, 2007
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C.
Description: This report provides an overview of aspects of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) Title I-A that are likely to be the focus of substantial debate as the 110th Congress considers the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) reauthorization legislation.
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Eliminating International Child Labor: U.S. and International Initiatives

Eliminating International Child Labor: U.S. and International Initiatives

Date: February 28, 2003
Creator: Salaam, Tiaji
Description: In November 1999, during the World Trade Organization (WTO) conference in Seattle, hundreds of protestors took to the street to protest a number of issues, including the international use of child labor, which has become increasingly important in discussions on international trade, human rights and international assistance. While awareness of the issue has increased, the ability to address the complex problem has been complicated by a number of related factors including rising poverty, surging HIV/AIDS infection rates, and a lack of relevant education. This report will outline the scope of the international child labor problem, explain the difficulties in eliminating it, describe U.S. and international child labor programs, and present some issues Congress may consider.
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Fatherhood Initiatives: Connecting Fathers to Their Children

Fatherhood Initiatives: Connecting Fathers to Their Children

Date: October 16, 2007
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report discusses "responsible fatherhood" programs that promote the financial and personal responsibility of noncustodial fathers to their children and increase the participation of fathers in the lives of their children.
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Fatherhood Initiatives: Connecting Fathers to Their Children

Fatherhood Initiatives: Connecting Fathers to Their Children

Date: October 22, 2013
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report discusses programs that promote the financial and personal responsibility of noncustodial fathers to their children and increase the participation of fathers in the lives of their children. These programs have come to be known as "responsible fatherhood" programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Elementary and Secondary Education Programs and Unaccompanied Alien Children

Federal Elementary and Secondary Education Programs and Unaccompanied Alien Children

Date: September 22, 2014
Creator: Skinner, Rebecca R. & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report addresses possible sources of federal support for schools and local educational agencies that have enrolled unaccompanied alien children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Elementary and Secondary Education Programs: Reauthorization Issues

Federal Elementary and Secondary Education Programs: Reauthorization Issues

Date: May 13, 1988
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: This report discusses the reauthorization of most Federal elementary and secondary education programs, which the 100th Congress is currently considering, as well as the creation of several new programs. Issues have included: (1) Federal versus ~tate/local priorities in the use of funds; (2) use of formula grants or competitive grants to allocate funds; (3) services for eligible nonpublic school children; (4) relationship between Federal programs and State-level school reform activities; and (5) information about programs and participants for the Congress.
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Food and Agriculture Provisions in the FY1997 Supplemental Appropriations Act

Food and Agriculture Provisions in the FY1997 Supplemental Appropriations Act

Date: June 16, 1997
Creator: Chite, Ralph M.
Description: Report providing an overview of provisions and funding related to food and agriculture program as a part of a supplemental appropriations bill (P.L. 105-18, H.R. 1871).
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Handicapped Infants: The Final Section 504 Regulation and Legislative Proposals

Handicapped Infants: The Final Section 504 Regulation and Legislative Proposals

Date: February 8, 1984
Creator: Smith, Mary F.
Description: This report discusses the final rule regarding handicapped infants published in the Federal register by HHS on January 12, 1984. Legislative action in response to the Infant Doe issue is also discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Head Start: Background and Funding

Head Start: Background and Funding

Date: September 11, 2000
Creator: Butler, Alice & Gish, Melinda
Description: This report examines the history of federal funding for Head Start, which has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low-income children since 1965.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Head Start: Background and Issues

Head Start: Background and Issues

Date: November 10, 2005
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report discusses federal program called head start program that has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low-income children since 1965. The Head Start program has received increases of varying levels over the past two decades.
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Head Start: Background and Issues

Head Start: Background and Issues

Date: February 15, 2005
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report discusses the federal "Head Start" program that has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low-income children since 1965. The Head Start program has received increases of varying levels over the past two decades.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress

Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: August 14, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda & Butler, Alice
Description: This report examines various legislative issues regarding Head Start, which is a federal program that has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low income children since 1965. The program is administered by the Administration for Children and Families of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress

Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: June 25, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda & Butler, Alice
Description: This report examines various legislative issues regarding Head Start, which is a federal program that has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low income children since 1965. The program is administered by the Administration for Children and Families of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs and Recent Legislation

Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs and Recent Legislation

Date: February 3, 2014
Creator: Perl, Libby; Bagalman, Erin; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.; Heisler, Elayne J.; McCallion, Gail; McCarthy, Francis X. et al.
Description: This report describes existing federal programs that provide targeted assistance to homeless individuals and families, and discusses federal efforts to end homelessness. It also contains tables that outline funding levels for various related programs.
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Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs and Recent Legislation

Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs and Recent Legislation

Date: May 17, 2012
Creator: Perl, Libby; Bagalman, Erin; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.; Heisler, Elayne J.; McCallion, Gail & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report describes the federal programs that are targeted to assist those who are homeless; includes recent funding levels; discusses current issues, including homelessness after the economic downturn and federal efforts to end homelessness; and provides information on recent legislation. Among active legislation are bills to reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act, which includes transitional housing for those who are homeless as a result of domestic violence and legislation that would, among other things, reauthorize the Education for Homeless Children and Youth program.
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Impact on States of Revised Redistribution of Unspent FY2002 SCHIP Allotments

Impact on States of Revised Redistribution of Unspent FY2002 SCHIP Allotments

Date: October 3, 2005
Creator: Peterson, Chris L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Ace: Final Part B Regulations

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Ace: Final Part B Regulations

Date: December 11, 2008
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee & Lordeman, Ann
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) provides federal funding for the education of children with disabilities and requires, as a condition for the receipt of such funds, the provision of a free appropriate public education (FAPE). The statute also contains detailed due process provisions to ensure the provision of FAPE. On December 1, 2008, the Department of Education (ED) issued a final regulation to "clarify and strengthen current regulations" promulgated under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. The regulations take effect on December 31, 2008. This report looks at the issues raised by changes from the regulations.
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Infant Formula: National Problems

Infant Formula: National Problems

Date: April 27, 1984
Creator: Porter, Donna V.
Description: This report discusses congressional concerns regarding infant formula that was deficient in a required nutrient.
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International Parental Child Abductions

International Parental Child Abductions

Date: January 27, 2014
Creator: Smith, Alison M.
Description: This report discusses the applicability of the Hague Convention and current U.S. laws, both civil and criminal, which seek to address the quandary of children abducted by parents to foreign nations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department