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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): Eligibility and Benefit Amounts in State TANF Cash Assistance Programs

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): Eligibility and Benefit Amounts in State TANF Cash Assistance Programs

Date: July 22, 2014
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report describes state the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) financial eligibility rules and maximum benefit amounts. The report discusses cash assistance benefit amounts for needy families that are not automatically adjusted for inflation by the states, and have lost considerable value in terms of their purchasing power over time.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unaccompanied Children from Central America: Foreign Policy Considerations

Unaccompanied Children from Central America: Foreign Policy Considerations

Date: February 10, 2015
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.; Seelke, Claire Ribando; Taft-Morales, Maureen & Margesson, Rhoda
Description: This report examines policy considerations for Congress in response to the recent influx of unaccompanied alien children (UAC) from Central American countries being apprehended at the U.S. border. The report also discusses current policy framework and the Obama Administration's diplomatic response.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Breastfeeding and Jury Duty: State Laws, Court Rules, and Related Issues

Breastfeeding and Jury Duty: State Laws, Court Rules, and Related Issues

Date: May 17, 2005
Creator: Weimer, Douglas Reid
Description: The fact that a state, a court system, or a single court does not have a law, rule, or formally written procedure does not necessarily mean that a breastfeeding mother will be compelled to serve on a jury. It appears that a general “medical exception” from jury duty may be applicable to breastfeeding mothers in some instances, and local practice and custom may influence an excuse or deferral from jury duty. It appears that many of the decisions concerning a nursing mother’s excuse or deferral from jury duty are handled on a case-by-case basis by the individual courts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Date: January 28, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S & Jacobs, Amanda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Date: March 15, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S & Jacobs, Amanda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Date: May 26, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Date: July 6, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Issues Relating to the Disposal of Dispensed Controlled Substances

Legal Issues Relating to the Disposal of Dispensed Controlled Substances

Date: September 24, 2010
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report describes an issue that is the fastest-growing drug problem in the country -- the intentional use of prescription drugs for non-medical purposes. It is the second-most common form of illicit drug abuse among teenagers in the United States behind marijuana use. Several bills have been introduced in the 111th Congress that would create a legal framework governing disposal of controlled substances that have been dispensed to patients.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare Issues in the 108th Congress

Child Welfare Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: August 11, 2003
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: Child welfare services are intended to protect children who have been abused or neglected or are at risk of maltreatment. These services take various forms, ranging from counseling and other supports for parents — which are intended to improve child well-being and prevent child abuse and neglect — to removal of the children from their homes. At the most extreme, these services include termination of parental rights and placement of the children for adoption. This report describes child welfare legislative issues in the 108th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Violent and Abusive Behavior in Youth: A Public Health Problem

Violent and Abusive Behavior in Youth: A Public Health Problem

Date: April 3, 1998
Creator: Cooper, Edith Fairman
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Ace: Final Part B Regulations

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Ace: Final Part B Regulations

Date: December 11, 2008
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee & Lordeman, Ann
Description: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) provides federal funding for the education of children with disabilities and requires, as a condition for the receipt of such funds, the provision of a free appropriate public education (FAPE). The statute also contains detailed due process provisions to ensure the provision of FAPE. On December 1, 2008, the Department of Education (ED) issued a final regulation to "clarify and strengthen current regulations" promulgated under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. The regulations take effect on December 31, 2008. This report looks at the issues raised by changes from the regulations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview

Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview

Date: August 18, 2015
Creator: Kandel, William A. & Seghetti, Lisa
Description: This report opens with an analysis of recent unaccompanied alien children (UAC) apprehension data. It then discusses current policy on the treatment, care, and custody of the population, with a description of the responsibilities of each federal agency involved with the population. The report then discusses both administrative and congressional actions to deal with the UAC surge in FY2014 and ongoing action to address possible future surges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress

Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: August 14, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda & Butler, Alice
Description: This report examines various legislative issues regarding Head Start, which is a federal program that has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low income children since 1965. The program is administered by the Administration for Children and Families of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress

Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: June 25, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda & Butler, Alice
Description: This report examines various legislative issues regarding Head Start, which is a federal program that has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low income children since 1965. The program is administered by the Administration for Children and Families of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
V-Chip and TV Ratings: Monitoring Children's Access to TV Programming

V-Chip and TV Ratings: Monitoring Children's Access to TV Programming

Date: January 10, 2009
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: This report discusses the V-Chip, created to assist parents in supervising the television viewing habits of their children, its rating system, and relevant legislation in the 108th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unaccompanied Alien Children--Legal Issues: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

Unaccompanied Alien Children--Legal Issues: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

Date: January 27, 2016
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Garcia, Michael J.
Description: This report addresses the questions regarding the number of children arriving at the United States southern border, their reasons for coming to the United States, and current and potential responses of the federal government and other entities to their arrival.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare: Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Benefits for Children in Foster Care

Child Welfare: Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Benefits for Children in Foster Care

Date: September 26, 2012
Creator: Moulta-Ali, Umar
Description: This report begins with a discussion of the foster care system and the Social Security benefits available to eligible children, including those in foster care. It then describes the role of representative payees and their responsibilities. The report provides data on the use of Social Security benefits to reimburse states for child welfare, and includes a discussion of the Keffeler decision. Finally, the report concludes with proposals supported by some advocates to change the current practice of using SSI and other Social Security benefits to fund foster care.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare: Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Benefits for Children in Foster Care

Child Welfare: Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Benefits for Children in Foster Care

Date: April 27, 2011
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.; Szymendera, Scott & Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report begins with a discussion of the foster care system and the Social Security benefits available to eligible children, including those in foster care. It then describes the role of representative payees and their responsibilities. The report provides data on the use of Social Security benefits to reimburse states for child welfare, and includes a discussion of the Keffeler decision. Finally, the report concludes with proposals supported by some advocates to change the current practice of using SSI and other Social Security benefits to fund foster care.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare: Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Benefits for Children in Foster Care

Child Welfare: Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Benefits for Children in Foster Care

Date: January 22, 2008
Creator: Fernandes, Adrienne L.; Szymendera, Scott & Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report begins with a discussion of the foster care system and the Social Security benefits available to eligible children, including those in foster care. It then describes the role of representative payees and their responsibilities. The report provides data on the use of Social Security benefits to reimburse states for child welfare, and includes a discussion of the Keffeler decision. Finally, the report concludes with proposals supported by some advocates to change the current practice of using SSI and other Social Security benefits to fund foster care (including legislation introduced in the 110th Congress), as well as with a discussion of state initiatives to screen all foster children for Social Security and to pass along some benefits to eligible children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare: Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Benefits for Children in Foster Care

Child Welfare: Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Benefits for Children in Foster Care

Date: February 1, 2007
Creator: Fernandes, Adrienne L.; Szymendera, Scott & Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report begins with a discussion of the foster care system and the Social Security benefits available to eligible children, including those in foster care. It then describes the role of representative payees and their responsibilities. The report provides data on the use of Social Security benefits to reimburse states for child welfare, and includes a discussion of the Keffeler decision. Finally, the report concludes with proposals supported by some advocates to change the current practice of using SSI and other Social Security benefits to fund foster care, as well as with a discussion of state initiatives to screen all foster children for Social Security and to pass along some benefits to eligible children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare: Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Benefits for Children in Foster Care

Child Welfare: Social Security and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Benefits for Children in Foster Care

Date: September 28, 2012
Creator: Moulta-Ali, Umar; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L. & Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report begins with a discussion of the foster care system and the Social Security benefits available to eligible children, including those in foster care. It then describes the role of representative payees and their responsibilities. The report provides data on the use of Social Security benefits to reimburse states for child welfare, and includes a discussion of the Keffeler decision. Finally, the report concludes with proposals supported by some advocates to change the current practice of using SSI and other Social Security benefits to fund foster care.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid and SCHIP: The President’s FY2006 Budget Proposals

Medicaid and SCHIP: The President’s FY2006 Budget Proposals

Date: February 15, 2005
Creator: Grady, April; Hearne, Jean P; Herz, Elicia J; Scott, Christine; Stone-Axelrad, Julie & Tritz, Karen
Description: This report describes the proposal and provides an estimate of the cost or savings based on publicly available information. The report provides a brief background for the proposal and provides a listing of current Congressional Research Service (CRS) reports related to the proposal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: Federal Assistance Programs

Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: Federal Assistance Programs

Date: December 27, 2006
Creator: Fairman Cooper, Edith
Description: The impact on children of domestic violence was an issue of interest in the 109th Congress. The first session of the 109th Congress ended with the passage of the Violence Against Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-162), which contained new initiatives to address concerns about children and youth exposed to and victimized by domestic violence. This report discusses existing federal programs and initiatives that have been established to assist such children and youth, and new provisions enacted in P.L. 109-162.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The V-Chip and TV Ratings: Monitoring Children’s Access to TV Programming

The V-Chip and TV Ratings: Monitoring Children’s Access to TV Programming

Date: November 26, 2007
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: This report discusses the V-Chip, created to assist parents in supervising the television viewing habits of their children, its rating system, and relevant legislation in the 109th and 110th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department