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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Coverage of the TANF Population Under Medicaid and SCHIP

Coverage of the TANF Population Under Medicaid and SCHIP

Date: March 8, 2006
Creator: Herz, Elicia J
Description: Health insurance is an important support for individuals receiving, leaving or diverted from the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) welfare or cash assistance program for low-income families. Medicaid and SCHIP (State Children’s Health Insurance Program) are key vehicles for providing such coverage. While there is no formal link between TANF and either Medicaid or SCHIP, some TANF-eligibles, especially children, are likely to qualify for one of these programs. But state eligibility rules can be complex and often differ for parents versus children, leaving some parents, in particular, without coverage.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coverage of the TANF Population Under Medicaid and SCHIP

Coverage of the TANF Population Under Medicaid and SCHIP

Date: January 27, 2005
Creator: Herz, Elicia J
Description: Health insurance is an important support for individuals receiving, leaving or diverted from the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) welfare or cash assistance program for low-income families. Medicaid and SCHIP (State Children’s Health Insurance Program) are key vehicles for providing such coverage. While there is no formal link between TANF and either Medicaid or SCHIP, some TANF-eligibles, especially children, are likely to qualify for one of these programs. But state eligibility rules can be complex and often differ for parents versus children, leaving some parents, in particular, without coverage.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amber Alert Program Technology

Amber Alert Program Technology

Date: May 18, 2005
Creator: Moore, Linda K
Description: This report discusses provisions in the National Intelligence Reform Act of 2004 to test Amber Alert network technology for use in expanding the Emergency Alert System (EAS). The Amber Alert network utilizes a combination of technologies, such as highway messages boards, the Internet, and text messaging, to ensure the swift recovery of abducted children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
SCHIP Financing: Funding Projections and State Redistribution Issues

SCHIP Financing: Funding Projections and State Redistribution Issues

Date: July 6, 2005
Creator: Peterson, Chris L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amber Alert Program Technology

Amber Alert Program Technology

Date: September 9, 2009
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses Amber Alerts (also referred to as AMBER plans) which use technology to disseminate information about child abductions in a timely manner. Technologies used for alerts include the Emergency Alert System (EAS), highway messages boards, telephone alert systems, the Internet, text messaging, and email.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Use of Seclusion and Restraint in Public Schools: The Legal Issues

The Use of Seclusion and Restraint in Public Schools: The Legal Issues

Date: October 14, 2010
Creator: Jones, Nancy Lee & Feder, Jody
Description: Seclusion and restraint have been used in various situations to deal with violent or noncompliant behavior. Because of congressional interest in the use of seclusion and restraint in schools, including passage of H.R. 4247 and the introduction of S. 2860, 111th Congress, first session, this report focuses on the legal issues concerning the use of these techniques in schools, including their application both to children covered by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and to those not covered by IDEA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid and SCHIP: The President's FY2006 Budget Proposals

Medicaid and SCHIP: The President's FY2006 Budget Proposals

Date: June 9, 2005
Creator: Grady, April; Hearne, Jean P; Herz, Elicia J; Scott, Christine; Stone-Axelrad, Julie & Tritz, Karen
Description: This report describes the proposal and provides an estimate of the cost or savings based on publicly available information. The report provides a brief background for the proposal and provides a listing of current Congressional Research Service (CRS) reports related to the proposal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supplemental Educational Services for Children from Low-Income Families Under ESEA Title I-A

Supplemental Educational Services for Children from Low-Income Families Under ESEA Title I-A

Date: February 24, 2004
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: This report discusses supplemental educational services in the general sense, which include educational activities provided outside of normal school hours that are designed to augment or enhance the educational services provided during regular periods of instruction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid and SCHIP: FY2007 Budget Issues

Medicaid and SCHIP: FY2007 Budget Issues

Date: February 13, 2006
Creator: Grady, April; Hearne, Jean P; Herz, Elicia J & Tritz, Karen
Description: This report provides information on Medicaid and State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Early Childhood Care and Education Programs in the 110th Congress: Background and Funding

Early Childhood Care and Education Programs in the 110th Congress: Background and Funding

Date: January 17, 2007
Creator: Gish, Melinda & McCallion, Gail
Description: This report provides an overview of federal child care, early education, and related programs, and their funding status in the 110th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Care Issues in the 109th Congress

Child Care Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: August 2, 2005
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: Federal support for child care comes in many forms, ranging from grant programs to tax provisions. Some programs serve as specifically dedicated funding sources for child care services (e.g., the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG)), while for others (e.g., Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)), child care is just one of many purposes for which funds may be used. This report discusses budget proposals in areas related to child care and early childhood development in the 109th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Date: August 19, 2009
Creator: Lynch, Karen E. & McCallion, Gail
Description: Several federal programs support child care, education, or related services, primarily for low-income working families. In addition, the tax code includes provisions specifically targeted to assist families with child care expenses. This report includes an update on FY2010 funding developments and the status of FY2009 appropriations in the early childhood care and education arena. This report also provides a six-year funding history and brief descriptions of the various related programs and tax provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Date: January 9, 2013
Creator: Lynch, Karen E. & McCallion, Gail
Description: Federal support for child care and education comes in many forms, ranging from grant programs to tax provisions. This report provides a funding overview and brief background information on federal child care, early education, and related programs (and tax provisions).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Date: June 23, 2015
Creator: Lynch, Karen E. & McCallion, Gail
Description: This report begins with information on current and historical funding levels for a selection of early childhood care and education programs and tax provisions. Table 1 presents information on the FY2016 Obama Administration’s budget request for such programs, while Table 2 provides a six-year funding history (FY2010-FY2015) for these early childhood care and education programs and tax provisions. The funding section is followed by a series of program summaries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Date: January 26, 2010
Creator: Lynch, Karen E. & McCallion, Gail
Description: Several federal programs support child care, education, or related services, primarily for low-income working families. In addition, the tax code includes provisions specifically targeted to assist families with child care expenses. This report includes an update on FY2010 funding developments and the status of FY2009 appropriations in the early childhood care and education arena. This report also provides a six-year funding history and brief descriptions of the various related programs and tax provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Date: March 18, 2010
Creator: Lynch, Karen E. & McCallion, Gail
Description: Federal support for child care and education comes in many forms, ranging from grant programs to tax provisions. This report provides a funding overview and brief background information on federal child care, early education, and related programs (and tax provisions).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medical Child Support: Background and Current Policy

Medical Child Support: Background and Current Policy

Date: December 18, 2013
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report describes current federal policy with respect to medical child support. It also examines the potential impact of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) on the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program. It provides a legislative history of medical support provisions in the CSE program and state data on the medical support coverage of children in the CSE program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs and Recent Legislation

Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs and Recent Legislation

Date: February 3, 2014
Creator: Perl, Libby; Bagalman, Erin; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.; Heisler, Elayne J.; McCallion, Gail; McCarthy, Francis X. et al.
Description: This report describes existing federal programs that provide targeted assistance to homeless individuals and families, and discusses federal efforts to end homelessness. It also contains tables that outline funding levels for various related programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unaccompanied Alien Children: Potential Factors Contributing to Recent Immigration

Unaccompanied Alien Children: Potential Factors Contributing to Recent Immigration

Date: July 3, 2014
Creator: Kandel, William A.; Bruno, Andorra; Meyer, Peter J.; Seelke, Clare Ribando; Taft-Morales, Maureen & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report begins by describing the recent surge in unaccompanied child apprehensions. It discusses several factors widely associated with out-migration from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. The report then discusses three broad factors that may be attracting migrants to the United States: economic and educational opportunity, family reunification, and U.S. immigration policies. It concludes with caveats on the attribution of causes to this situation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Special Immigrant Juveniles: In Brief

Special Immigrant Juveniles: In Brief

Date: August 29, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report provides a brief explanation of the statutory basis of special immigrant juvenile (SIJ) status and how it has evolved. It also presents statistics on the number of children who have applied for and received SIJ status since FY2005. The report concludes with a discussion of the applicability of SIJ status for unaccompanied alien children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: Program Basics

Child Support Enforcement: Program Basics

Date: January 27, 2014
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report discusses the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program that was enacted in 1975 as a federal-state program (Title IV-D of the Social Security Act) to help strengthen families by securing financial support for children from their noncustodial parent on a consistent and continuing basis and by helping some families to remain self-sufficient and off public assistance by providing the requisite CSE services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare and Child Support: The Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act (P.L. 113-183)

Child Welfare and Child Support: The Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act (P.L. 113-183)

Date: October 16, 2014
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L. & Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report begins with an overview and topical summary of the provisions of the Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act (H.R. 4980), which seeks to ensure that child welfare agencies are responsive to particular issues for children and youth in foster care or those who otherwise have contact with the child welfare system. The report follows this with a review of the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) cost estimate for H.R. 4980 and the legislative origins of the enacted bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): Size and Characteristics of the Cash Assistance Caseload

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): Size and Characteristics of the Cash Assistance Caseload

Date: August 5, 2014
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report examines the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) cash assistance caseload, focusing on how the composition and characteristics of families receiving assistance have changed over time.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Parental Child Abductions

International Parental Child Abductions

Date: January 27, 2014
Creator: Smith, Alison M.
Description: This report discusses the applicability of the Hague Convention and current U.S. laws, both civil and criminal, which seek to address the quandary of children abducted by parents to foreign nations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department