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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Date: May 26, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education for the Disadvantaged: Overview of ESEA Title 1-A Amendments Under the No Child Left Behind Act

Education for the Disadvantaged: Overview of ESEA Title 1-A Amendments Under the No Child Left Behind Act

Date: April 6, 2004
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: This report provides an overview of aspects of ESEA Title I-A which were substantially amended by the NCLBA; elements of the program which are important but which were not substantially revised by the NCLBA (such as parental involvement requirements) are not discussed in this report. Other current and forthcoming reports will provide more detailed discussions and analyses of selected major aspects of the program, including pupil assessments,2 accountability, and allocation formulas. This report will be updated regularly, to reflect significant actions regarding funding and implementation of the NCLBA provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Date: March 15, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S & Jacobs, Amanda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supplemental Educational Services for Children from Low-Income Families Under ESEA Title I-A

Supplemental Educational Services for Children from Low-Income Families Under ESEA Title I-A

Date: February 24, 2004
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: This report discusses supplemental educational services in the general sense, which include educational activities provided outside of normal school hours that are designed to augment or enhance the educational services provided during regular periods of instruction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Date: January 28, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S & Jacobs, Amanda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Review of Medical Child Support: Background, Policy, and Issues

A Review of Medical Child Support: Background, Policy, and Issues

Date: November 3, 2003
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: Improving the establishment and enforcement of medical child support has been hampered to some extent by factors such as high health care costs, a decline in employer-provided health insurance coverage, an increase in the share of health insurance costs borne by employees, and the large number of uninsured children. This report provides a legislative history of medical support provisions in Child Support Enforcement (CSE) programs, describes current policy with respect to medical child support, examines available data, and discusses some of the issues related to medical child support. This report will not be updated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Pornography: Constitutional Principles and Federal Statutes

Child Pornography: Constitutional Principles and Federal Statutes

Date: October 15, 2003
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: The Child Pornography Prevention Act of 1996, P.L. 104-208, 110 Stat. 3009- 26, added a definition of “child pornography” that include visual depictions of what appears to be a minor engaging in explicit sexual conduct, even if no actual minor was used in producing the depiction. On April 16, 2002, in Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition, the Supreme Court held this provision unconstitutional to the extent that it prohibited pictures that were not produced with actual minors. (This case is discussed under “Section 2256,” below.) In response to Ashcroft, bills were introduced in the House and Senate that would continue to ban some child pornography that was produced without an actual minor; on June 25, 2002, the House passed one such bill: H.R. 4623, 107th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Date: September 26, 2003
Creator: Cooper, Edith Fairman
Description: This report presents an overview of two national incidence studies prepared by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) to determine annually the number of reported missing and recovered children in the nation. It also discusses the AMBER Alert System created to help recover reported missing children, legislation introduced in the 108th Congresses to address the missing children issue, and questions that remain regarding concerns about missing children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Juvenile Justice Legislation: Overview and the Legislative Debate

Juvenile Justice Legislation: Overview and the Legislative Debate

Date: September 25, 2003
Creator: O'Bryant, JoAnne; Teasley, David & Cooper, Edith Fairman
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Care Issues in the 108th Congress

Child Care Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: September 16, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report includes recent developments in federal child care programs and tax provisions. The report discusses several federal programs that support child care or related services, primarily for low-income working families. In addition, the tax code includes provisions specifically targeted to assist families with child care expenses. The report presents the legislative activity in the 108th Congress in regard to child care legislature and provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Care Issues in the 108th Congress

Child Care Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: September 15, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report includes recent developments in federal child care programs and tax provisions. The report discusses several federal programs that support child care or related services, primarily for low-income working families. In addition, the tax code includes provisions specifically targeted to assist families with child care expenses. The report presents the legislative activity in the 108th Congress in regard to child care legislature and provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Unborn Victims of Violence Act of 2003: “Separate Offense” Provisions and Penalties

The Unborn Victims of Violence Act of 2003: “Separate Offense” Provisions and Penalties

Date: September 9, 2003
Creator: Mangan, George
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
SCHIP Financing Issues for the 108th Congress

SCHIP Financing Issues for the 108th Congress

Date: August 15, 2003
Creator: Baumrucker, Evelyne P & Kraut, Peter
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress

Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: August 14, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda & Butler, Alice
Description: This report examines various legislative issues regarding Head Start, which is a federal program that has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low income children since 1965. The program is administered by the Administration for Children and Families of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare Issues in the 108th Congress

Child Welfare Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: August 11, 2003
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: Child welfare services are intended to protect children who have been abused or neglected or are at risk of maltreatment. These services take various forms, ranging from counseling and other supports for parents — which are intended to improve child well-being and prevent child abuse and neglect — to removal of the children from their homes. At the most extreme, these services include termination of parental rights and placement of the children for adoption. This report describes child welfare legislative issues in the 108th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Date: August 6, 2003
Creator: Cooper, Edith Fairman
Description: This report presents an overview of two national incidence studies prepared by Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) to determine annually the number of reported missing and recovered children in the nation. It also discusses the AMBER Alert System created to help recover reported missing children, legislation introduced in the 108th Congresses to address the missing children issue, and questions that remain regarding concerns about missing children. S. 151, the Prosecutorial Remedies and Other Tools to End the Exploitation of Children Today (PROTECT) Act, which was signed into law (P.L. 108-21) by the President on April 30, 2003, contains provisions related to missing and exploited children. Exploitation of Children Today (PROTECT) Act, which was signed into law (P.L. 108-21) by the President on April 30, 2003, contains provisions related to missing and exploited children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Date: August 1, 2003
Creator: Cooper, Edith Fairman
Description: This report presents an overview of two national incidence studies prepared by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) to determine annually the number of reported missing and recovered children in the nation. It also discusses the AMBER Alert System created to help recover reported missing children, legislation introduced in the 108th Congresses to address the missing children issue, and questions that remain regarding concerns about missing children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Nutrition and WIC Programs: Background and Funding

Child Nutrition and WIC Programs: Background and Funding

Date: July 24, 2003
Creator: Richardson, Joe
Description: About a dozen federally supported child nutrition programs and related activities – including school meal programs and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (the WIC program) – reach over 37 million children and almost 2 million lower-income pregnant and postpartum women. Total FY2002 spending on these efforts was $15.1 billion. FY2003 spending is projected at an estimated $15.9 billion under the Agriculture Department appropriations portion (Division A) of the FY2003 Consolidated Appropriations Resolution (P.L. 108-7; H.Rept. 108-10; enacted February 20,2003). And the Administration anticipates spending $16.3 billion under its FY2004 budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
SCHIP Financing Issues for the 108th Congress

SCHIP Financing Issues for the 108th Congress

Date: June 27, 2003
Creator: Kraut, Peter & Baumrucker, Evelyne P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Pornography: Constitutional Principles and Federal Statutes

Child Pornography: Constitutional Principles and Federal Statutes

Date: June 25, 2003
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: The Child Pornography Prevention Act of 1996, P.L. 104-208, 110 Stat. 3009- 26, added a definition of “child pornography” that include visual depictions of what appears to be a minor engaging in explicit sexual conduct, even if no actual minor was used in producing the depiction. On April 16, 2002, in Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition, the Supreme Court held this provision unconstitutional to the extent that it prohibited pictures that were not produced with actual minors. (This case is discussed under “Section 2256,” below.) In response to Ashcroft, bills were introduced in the House and Senate that would continue to ban some child pornography that was produced without an actual minor; on June 25, 2002, the House passed one such bill: H.R. 4623, 107th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress

Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: June 25, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda & Butler, Alice
Description: This report examines various legislative issues regarding Head Start, which is a federal program that has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low income children since 1965. The program is administered by the Administration for Children and Families of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Date: June 25, 2003
Creator: Cooper, Edith Fairman
Description: This report presents an overview of two national incidence studies prepared by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) to determine annually the number of reported missing and recovered children in the nation. It also discusses the AMBER Alert System created to help recover reported missing children, legislation introduced in the 108th Congresses to address the missing children issue, and questions that remain regarding concerns about missing children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare Issues in the 108th Congress

Child Welfare Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: June 23, 2003
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: The purpose of this report is to present a number of generally less broad legislative proposals related to child welfare financing have been introduced in the 108th Congress. Additional child welfare-related proposals designed to improve services, promote timely placement of children across state lines, and for other purposes, are described in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare Waiver Demonstrations

Child Welfare Waiver Demonstrations

Date: June 16, 2003
Creator: Shuman, Matthew
Description: This report provides background information on the child welfare waivers and a description of the progress states have made on these demonstration projects. Waiver projects must be cost neutral to the federal government; may be conducted for no longer than 5 years (though HHS may grant an extension of up to 5 years); and must include an evaluation comparing the existing state program to the waiver project.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department