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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
SCHIP Financing Issues for the 108th Congress

SCHIP Financing Issues for the 108th Congress

Date: August 15, 2003
Creator: Baumrucker, Evelyne P & Kraut, Peter
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Unborn Victims of Violence Act of 2003: “Separate Offense” Provisions and Penalties

The Unborn Victims of Violence Act of 2003: “Separate Offense” Provisions and Penalties

Date: September 9, 2003
Creator: Mangan, George
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Care Issues in the 108th Congress

Child Care Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: September 15, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report includes recent developments in federal child care programs and tax provisions. The report discusses several federal programs that support child care or related services, primarily for low-income working families. In addition, the tax code includes provisions specifically targeted to assist families with child care expenses. The report presents the legislative activity in the 108th Congress in regard to child care legislature and provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Care Issues in the 108th Congress

Child Care Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: September 16, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report includes recent developments in federal child care programs and tax provisions. The report discusses several federal programs that support child care or related services, primarily for low-income working families. In addition, the tax code includes provisions specifically targeted to assist families with child care expenses. The report presents the legislative activity in the 108th Congress in regard to child care legislature and provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Juvenile Justice Legislation: Overview and the Legislative Debate

Juvenile Justice Legislation: Overview and the Legislative Debate

Date: September 25, 2003
Creator: O'Bryant, JoAnne; Teasley, David & Cooper, Edith Fairman
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Missing and Exploited Children: Overview and Policy Concerns

Date: September 26, 2003
Creator: Cooper, Edith Fairman
Description: This report presents an overview of two national incidence studies prepared by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) to determine annually the number of reported missing and recovered children in the nation. It also discusses the AMBER Alert System created to help recover reported missing children, legislation introduced in the 108th Congresses to address the missing children issue, and questions that remain regarding concerns about missing children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Pornography: Constitutional Principles and Federal Statutes

Child Pornography: Constitutional Principles and Federal Statutes

Date: October 15, 2003
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: The Child Pornography Prevention Act of 1996, P.L. 104-208, 110 Stat. 3009- 26, added a definition of “child pornography” that include visual depictions of what appears to be a minor engaging in explicit sexual conduct, even if no actual minor was used in producing the depiction. On April 16, 2002, in Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition, the Supreme Court held this provision unconstitutional to the extent that it prohibited pictures that were not produced with actual minors. (This case is discussed under “Section 2256,” below.) In response to Ashcroft, bills were introduced in the House and Senate that would continue to ban some child pornography that was produced without an actual minor; on June 25, 2002, the House passed one such bill: H.R. 4623, 107th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Review of Medical Child Support: Background, Policy, and Issues

A Review of Medical Child Support: Background, Policy, and Issues

Date: November 3, 2003
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: Improving the establishment and enforcement of medical child support has been hampered to some extent by factors such as high health care costs, a decline in employer-provided health insurance coverage, an increase in the share of health insurance costs borne by employees, and the large number of uninsured children. This report provides a legislative history of medical support provisions in Child Support Enforcement (CSE) programs, describes current policy with respect to medical child support, examines available data, and discusses some of the issues related to medical child support. This report will not be updated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Date: January 28, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S & Jacobs, Amanda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supplemental Educational Services for Children from Low-Income Families Under ESEA Title I-A

Supplemental Educational Services for Children from Low-Income Families Under ESEA Title I-A

Date: February 24, 2004
Creator: Smole, David P
Description: This report discusses supplemental educational services in the general sense, which include educational activities provided outside of normal school hours that are designed to augment or enhance the educational services provided during regular periods of instruction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Date: March 15, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S & Jacobs, Amanda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education for the Disadvantaged: Overview of ESEA Title 1-A Amendments Under the No Child Left Behind Act

Education for the Disadvantaged: Overview of ESEA Title 1-A Amendments Under the No Child Left Behind Act

Date: April 6, 2004
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: This report provides an overview of aspects of ESEA Title I-A which were substantially amended by the NCLBA; elements of the program which are important but which were not substantially revised by the NCLBA (such as parental involvement requirements) are not discussed in this report. Other current and forthcoming reports will provide more detailed discussions and analyses of selected major aspects of the program, including pupil assessments,2 accountability, and allocation formulas. This report will be updated regularly, to reflect significant actions regarding funding and implementation of the NCLBA provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Date: May 26, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Internet: Status Report on Legislative Attempts to Protect Children from Unsuitable Material on the Web

Date: July 6, 2004
Creator: Smith, Marcia S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Nutrition and WIC Programs: Background and Funding

Child Nutrition and WIC Programs: Background and Funding

Date: August 3, 2004
Creator: Richardson, Joe
Description: Federally supported child nutrition programs and related activities — including school meal programs and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (the WIC program) — reach over 37 million children and almost 2 million lower-income pregnant/postpartum women. In FY2004, anticipated spending on these programs is $16.6 billion, and the FY2004 appropriations law (P.L. 108-199) supports this spending level (although with new appropriations of a lesser amount, some $16 billion). The Administration’s FY2005 revised budget request envisions spending a total of $17.15 billion, supported by new appropriations of $16.47 billion. The House FY2005 appropriations bill (H.R. 4766) would support spending of $16.97 billion with new appropriations of $16.29 billion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare Issues in the 108th Congress

Child Welfare Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: September 17, 2004
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: The purpose of this report is to present a number of generally less broad legislative proposals related to child welfare financing have been introduced in the 108th Congress. Additional child welfare-related proposals designed to improve services, promote timely placement of children across state lines, and for other purposes, are described in this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reducing Teen Pregnancy: Adolescent Family Life and Abstinence Education Programs

Reducing Teen Pregnancy: Adolescent Family Life and Abstinence Education Programs

Date: October 4, 2004
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Juvenile Delinquents and Federal Criminal Law: The Federal Juvenile Delinquency Act and Related Matters

Juvenile Delinquents and Federal Criminal Law: The Federal Juvenile Delinquency Act and Related Matters

Date: October 25, 2004
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education for the Disadvantaged: Overview of ESEA Title 1-A Amendments Under the No Child Left Behind Act

Education for the Disadvantaged: Overview of ESEA Title 1-A Amendments Under the No Child Left Behind Act

Date: October 28, 2004
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C
Description: Title I, Part A, of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) authorizes federal aid to local educational agencies (LEAs) for the education of disadvantaged children. Title I-A grants provide supplementary educational and related services to low-achieving and other pupils attending schools with relatively high concentrations of pupils from low-income families in pre-kindergarten through grade 12. Title I-A is the largest federal elementary and secondary education assistance program, with services provided to (a) over 90% of all LEAs; (b) approximately 45,000 (58% of all) public schools; and (c) approximately 11 million (22% of all) pupils, including approximately 167,000 pupils attending private schools. Four-fifths of all pupils served are in pre-kindergarten through grade 6, while only 5% of pupils served are in grades 10-12.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Early Childhood Education: Preschool Participation, Program Efficacy, and Federal Policy Issues

Early Childhood Education: Preschool Participation, Program Efficacy, and Federal Policy Issues

Date: January 24, 2005
Creator: McCallion, Gail
Description: This report examines what we currently know about preprimary programs, including numbers of children served and their family characteristics; as well as data on the efficacy of preprimary programs in enhancing later learning and other life skills. Current federal programs that serve preschool age children are described, and policy issues which may arise as the federal role in early childhood education is debated are discussed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coverage of the TANF Population Under Medicaid and SCHIP

Coverage of the TANF Population Under Medicaid and SCHIP

Date: January 27, 2005
Creator: Herz, Elicia J
Description: Health insurance is an important support for individuals receiving, leaving or diverted from the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) welfare or cash assistance program for low-income families. Medicaid and SCHIP (State Children’s Health Insurance Program) are key vehicles for providing such coverage. While there is no formal link between TANF and either Medicaid or SCHIP, some TANF-eligibles, especially children, are likely to qualify for one of these programs. But state eligibility rules can be complex and often differ for parents versus children, leaving some parents, in particular, without coverage.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Head Start: Background and Issues

Head Start: Background and Issues

Date: February 15, 2005
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report discusses the federal "Head Start" program that has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low-income children since 1965. The Head Start program has received increases of varying levels over the past two decades.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid and SCHIP: The President’s FY2006 Budget Proposals

Medicaid and SCHIP: The President’s FY2006 Budget Proposals

Date: February 15, 2005
Creator: Grady, April; Hearne, Jean P; Herz, Elicia J; Scott, Christine; Stone-Axelrad, Julie & Tritz, Karen
Description: This report describes the proposal and provides an estimate of the cost or savings based on publicly available information. The report provides a brief background for the proposal and provides a listing of current Congressional Research Service (CRS) reports related to the proposal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
TANF Reauthorization: Side-by-Side Comparison of Current Law and Two Versions of H.R. 4 (108th Congress)

TANF Reauthorization: Side-by-Side Comparison of Current Law and Two Versions of H.R. 4 (108th Congress)

Date: March 1, 2005
Creator: Burke, Vee & Falk, Gene
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department