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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Early Childhood Care and Education Programs in the 110th Congress: Background and Funding

Early Childhood Care and Education Programs in the 110th Congress: Background and Funding

Date: January 17, 2007
Creator: Gish, Melinda & McCallion, Gail
Description: This report provides an overview of federal child care, early education, and related programs, and their funding status in the 110th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Care Issues in the 109th Congress

Child Care Issues in the 109th Congress

Date: August 2, 2005
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: Federal support for child care comes in many forms, ranging from grant programs to tax provisions. Some programs serve as specifically dedicated funding sources for child care services (e.g., the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG)), while for others (e.g., Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)), child care is just one of many purposes for which funds may be used. This report discusses budget proposals in areas related to child care and early childhood development in the 109th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid and SCHIP: The President’s FY2006 Budget Proposals

Medicaid and SCHIP: The President’s FY2006 Budget Proposals

Date: February 15, 2005
Creator: Grady, April; Hearne, Jean P; Herz, Elicia J; Scott, Christine; Stone-Axelrad, Julie & Tritz, Karen
Description: This report describes the proposal and provides an estimate of the cost or savings based on publicly available information. The report provides a brief background for the proposal and provides a listing of current Congressional Research Service (CRS) reports related to the proposal.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Date: August 19, 2009
Creator: Lynch, Karen E. & McCallion, Gail
Description: Several federal programs support child care, education, or related services, primarily for low-income working families. In addition, the tax code includes provisions specifically targeted to assist families with child care expenses. This report includes an update on FY2010 funding developments and the status of FY2009 appropriations in the early childhood care and education arena. This report also provides a six-year funding history and brief descriptions of the various related programs and tax provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Date: January 9, 2013
Creator: Lynch, Karen E. & McCallion, Gail
Description: Federal support for child care and education comes in many forms, ranging from grant programs to tax provisions. This report provides a funding overview and brief background information on federal child care, early education, and related programs (and tax provisions).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Date: June 23, 2015
Creator: Lynch, Karen E. & McCallion, Gail
Description: This report begins with information on current and historical funding levels for a selection of early childhood care and education programs and tax provisions. Table 1 presents information on the FY2016 Obama Administration’s budget request for such programs, while Table 2 provides a six-year funding history (FY2010-FY2015) for these early childhood care and education programs and tax provisions. The funding section is followed by a series of program summaries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Date: January 26, 2010
Creator: Lynch, Karen E. & McCallion, Gail
Description: Several federal programs support child care, education, or related services, primarily for low-income working families. In addition, the tax code includes provisions specifically targeted to assist families with child care expenses. This report includes an update on FY2010 funding developments and the status of FY2009 appropriations in the early childhood care and education arena. This report also provides a six-year funding history and brief descriptions of the various related programs and tax provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Early Childhood Care and Education Programs: Background and Funding

Date: March 18, 2010
Creator: Lynch, Karen E. & McCallion, Gail
Description: Federal support for child care and education comes in many forms, ranging from grant programs to tax provisions. This report provides a funding overview and brief background information on federal child care, early education, and related programs (and tax provisions).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: Federal Assistance Programs

Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: Federal Assistance Programs

Date: December 27, 2006
Creator: Fairman Cooper, Edith
Description: The impact on children of domestic violence was an issue of interest in the 109th Congress. The first session of the 109th Congress ended with the passage of the Violence Against Women and Department of Justice Reauthorization Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-162), which contained new initiatives to address concerns about children and youth exposed to and victimized by domestic violence. This report discusses existing federal programs and initiatives that have been established to assist such children and youth, and new provisions enacted in P.L. 109-162.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Child Care and Development Block Grant: Background and Funding

The Child Care and Development Block Grant: Background and Funding

Date: September 17, 2014
Creator: Lynch, Karen E.
Description: This report discusses the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG), which provides subsidies to assist low-income families in obtaining child care so that parents can work or participate in education or training activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The V-Chip and TV Ratings: Monitoring Children’s Access to TV Programming

The V-Chip and TV Ratings: Monitoring Children’s Access to TV Programming

Date: November 26, 2007
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: This report discusses the V-Chip, created to assist parents in supervising the television viewing habits of their children, its rating system, and relevant legislation in the 109th and 110th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Education for the Disadvantaged: Reauthorization Issues for ESEA Title I-A Under the No Child Left Behind Act

Education for the Disadvantaged: Reauthorization Issues for ESEA Title I-A Under the No Child Left Behind Act

Date: September 17, 2007
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C.
Description: This report provides an overview of aspects of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) Title I-A that are likely to be the focus of substantial debate as the 110th Congress considers the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) reauthorization legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Care Reauthorization: A Side-by-Side Comparison of Child Care Provisions in House and Senate Versions of H.R. 4, S. 880, and Current Law

Child Care Reauthorization: A Side-by-Side Comparison of Child Care Provisions in House and Senate Versions of H.R. 4, S. 880, and Current Law

Date: January 3, 2005
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report discuses the legislative action to reauthorize child care legislation that expired at the end of FY2002. The Child care reauthorization” is composed of two parts: legislation to reauthorize the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) Act and legislation to extend mandatory funding appropriated under Section 418 of the Social Security Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Medicaid and Schools

Medicaid and Schools

Date: February 17, 2009
Creator: Herz, Elicia J.
Description: This report discusses the recent history and current issues facing Medicaid funding for certain health related costs under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
V-Chip and TV Ratings: Monitoring Children's Access to TV Programming

V-Chip and TV Ratings: Monitoring Children's Access to TV Programming

Date: January 10, 2009
Creator: Moloney Figliola, Patricia
Description: This report discusses the V-Chip, created to assist parents in supervising the television viewing habits of their children, its rating system, and relevant legislation in the 108th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview

Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview

Date: August 18, 2015
Creator: Kandel, William A. & Seghetti, Lisa
Description: This report opens with an analysis of recent unaccompanied alien children (UAC) apprehension data. It then discusses current policy on the treatment, care, and custody of the population, with a description of the responsibilities of each federal agency involved with the population. The report then discusses both administrative and congressional actions to deal with the UAC surge in FY2014 and ongoing action to address possible future surges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP): A Brief Overview

State Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP): A Brief Overview

Date: March 18, 2009
Creator: Herz, Elicia J.; Peterson, Chris L. & Baumrucker, Evelyne P.
Description: This report discusses the State Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), which allows states to cover targeted low-income children with no health insurance in families with income above Medicaid eligibility levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child: Background and Policy Issues

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child: Background and Policy Issues

Date: April 1, 2009
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report provides an overview of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and examines evolving U.S. policy toward the Convention, including past and current Administration positions and congressional perspectives. The report also highlights issues for the 111th Congress, including the Convention's possible impact on federal and state laws, U.S. sovereignty, parental rights, and U.S. family planning and abortion policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child: Background and Policy Issues

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child: Background and Policy Issues

Date: August 5, 2009
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report provides an overview of the United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child's (CRC) background and structure and examines evolving U.S. policy toward the Convention, including past and current Administration positions and congressional perspectives. It also highlights issues for the 112th Congress, including the Convention's possible impact on federal and state laws, U.S. sovereignty, parental rights, and U.S. family planning and abortion policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Head Start: Background and Issues

Head Start: Background and Issues

Date: November 10, 2005
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report discusses federal program called head start program that has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low-income children since 1965. The Head Start program has received increases of varying levels over the past two decades.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amber Alert Program Technology

Amber Alert Program Technology

Date: September 9, 2009
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses Amber Alerts (also referred to as AMBER plans) which use technology to disseminate information about child abductions in a timely manner. Technologies used for alerts include the Emergency Alert System (EAS), highway messages boards, telephone alert systems, the Internet, text messaging, and email.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Protection of Children Online: Federal and State Laws Addressing Cyberstalking, Cyberharassment, and Cyberbullying

Protection of Children Online: Federal and State Laws Addressing Cyberstalking, Cyberharassment, and Cyberbullying

Date: October 19, 2009
Creator: Smith, Alison M.
Description: This report discusses Internet crimes, such as cyberbullying, cyberharassment, and cyberstalking, along with the limitations of such laws in the current environment. While Congress, under the Commerce Clause, has authority to regulate the Internet, Internet "harassment" presents new challenges for legislators in terms of defining and prosecuting such activity.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Parental Child Abductions

International Parental Child Abductions

Date: November 2, 2009
Creator: Smith, Alison M.
Description: This report discusses the applicability of the Hague Convention and current U.S. laws, both civil and criminal, which seek to address the quandary of children abducted by a parent to foreign nations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Missing and Exploited Children: Background, Policies, and Issues

Missing and Exploited Children: Background, Policies, and Issues

Date: April 29, 2015
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: This report covers only select aspects of the broader topic of missing and exploited children. It begins with an overview of the scope of the missing and exploited children issue, including definitions and approximate numbers of children known to be missing or exploited. The report also provides information about the Missing and Exploited Children's (MEC) program's funding, oversight, and major components. Finally, the report discusses issues that may be relevant to the MEC program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department