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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Child Welfare and Child Support: The Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act (P.L. 113-183)

Child Welfare and Child Support: The Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act (P.L. 113-183)

Date: October 16, 2014
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L. & Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report begins with an overview and topical summary of the provisions of the Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act (H.R. 4980), which seeks to ensure that child welfare agencies are responsive to particular issues for children and youth in foster care or those who otherwise have contact with the child welfare system. The report follows this with a review of the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) cost estimate for H.R. 4980 and the legislative origins of the enacted bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Millennium Development Goals: The September 2010 U.N. High-level Meeting

The Millennium Development Goals: The September 2010 U.N. High-level Meeting

Date: December 9, 2010
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: This report discusses overarching trends in Millennium Development Goals (MDG) progress and lessons learned from previous and ongoing efforts to achieve them. The MDGs are a group of measurable development targets agreed to by 189 U.N. member states - including the United States - as part of the 2000 Millennium Declaration. The MDGs cover a number of issues, such as eradicating extreme hunger and poverty, combating HIV/AIDS, and promoting gender equality and women's empowerment. This report examines U.S. policy toward the MDGs and how, if at all, the Goals fit into U.S. development and foreign assistance policy. It also examines different schools of thought regarding the effectiveness of the Goals, their role in international development, and their long-term sustainability. This report addresses the MDGs as a whole; it does not assess or analyze issues pertaining to the individual Goals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Runaway and Homeless Youth Act: Current Issues for Reauthorization

Runaway and Homeless Youth Act: Current Issues for Reauthorization

Date: October 23, 2014
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: This report discusses the Runaway and Homeless Youth program, which is authorized by the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act, and funds organizations throughout the country to provide services to youth who have run away and/or experience homelessness.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unaccompanied Children from Central America: Foreign Policy Considerations

Unaccompanied Children from Central America: Foreign Policy Considerations

Date: August 28, 2014
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.; Seelke, Claire Ribando; Taft-Morales, Maureen & Margesson, Rhoda
Description: This report examines policy considerations for Congress in response to the recent influx of unaccompanied alien children (UAC) from Central American countries being apprehended at the U.S. border. The report also discusses current policy framework and the Obama Administration's diplomatic response.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Special Immigrant Juveniles: In Brief

Special Immigrant Juveniles: In Brief

Date: August 29, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report provides a brief explanation of the statutory basis of special immigrant juvenile (SIJ) status and how it has evolved. It also presents statistics on the number of children who have applied for and received SIJ status since FY2005. The report concludes with a discussion of the applicability of SIJ status for unaccompanied alien children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Support Enforcement: Program Basics

Child Support Enforcement: Program Basics

Date: January 27, 2014
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report discusses the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program that was enacted in 1975 as a federal-state program (Title IV-D of the Social Security Act) to help strengthen families by securing financial support for children from their noncustodial parent on a consistent and continuing basis and by helping some families to remain self-sufficient and off public assistance by providing the requisite CSE services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): Size and Characteristics of the Cash Assistance Caseload

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): Size and Characteristics of the Cash Assistance Caseload

Date: August 5, 2014
Creator: Falk, Gene
Description: This report examines the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) cash assistance caseload, focusing on how the composition and characteristics of families receiving assistance have changed over time.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Welfare: An Overview of Federal Programs and Their Current Funding

Child Welfare: An Overview of Federal Programs and Their Current Funding

Date: September 16, 2014
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report begins with a review of federal appropriations activity in FY2014 as it relates to child welfare programs, including the effect of the automatic spending cuts, known as sequestration. The bulk of the report provides a short description of each federal child welfare program, including its purpose and recent (FY2012-FY2014) funding levels.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Parental Child Abductions

International Parental Child Abductions

Date: January 27, 2014
Creator: Smith, Alison M.
Description: This report discusses the applicability of the Hague Convention and current U.S. laws, both civil and criminal, which seek to address the quandary of children abducted by parents to foreign nations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Elementary and Secondary Education Programs and Unaccompanied Alien Children

Federal Elementary and Secondary Education Programs and Unaccompanied Alien Children

Date: September 22, 2014
Creator: Skinner, Rebecca R. & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report addresses possible sources of federal support for schools and local educational agencies that have enrolled unaccompanied alien children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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