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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Abortion Law Development: A Brief Overview

Abortion Law Development: A Brief Overview

Date: January 2, 2001
Creator: Lewis, Karen J. & Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Description: This report offers an overview of the development of abortion law from 1973 to the present. Beginning with a brief discussion of the historical background, the report analyzes the leading Supreme Court decisions over the past twenty-eight years, emphasizing particularly the landmark decisions in Roe and Doe, the Court’s shift in direction in Webster v. Reproductive Health Services and Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey, and the Court’s most recent decision on abortion, Stenberg v. Carhart. The Court’s decisions on the constitutionality of restricting public funding for abortion are also discussed.
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Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP): Implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act

Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP): Implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act

Date: August 31, 2006
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C.
Description: This report is intended to provide an overview of the Adequate Yearly Process (AYP) concept and several related issues, a description of the AYP provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act, and an analysis of the implementation of these provisions by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) and the states. It will be updated when major administrative actions are taken by ED, or substantial new data on state implementation become available.
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Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP): Implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act

Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP): Implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act

Date: October 26, 2005
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C.
Description: This report is intended to provide an overview of the Adequate Yearly Process (AYP) concept and several related issues, a description of the AYP provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act, and an analysis of the implementation of these provisions by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) and the states. It will be updated when major administrative actions are taken by ED, or substantial new data on state implementation become available.
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Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP): Implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act

Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP): Implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act

Date: October 26, 2005
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C.
Description: This report is intended to provide an overview of the Adequate Yearly Process (AYP) concept and several related issues, a description of the AYP provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act, and an analysis of the implementation of these provisions by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) and the states. It will be updated when major administrative actions are taken by ED, or substantial new data on state implementation become available.
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Adoption Promotion Legislation in the 105th Congress

Adoption Promotion Legislation in the 105th Congress

Date: November 24, 1997
Creator: Spar, Karen
Description: President Clinton signed the Adoption and Safe Families Act into law on November 19, 1997, after the House and Senate approved final versions of the legislation on November 13. The new law (P.L. 105-89) is intended to promote adoption or other permanent arrangements for foster children who are unable to return home, and to make general improvements in the nation’s child welfare system. The House initially passed legislation (H.R. 867) on April 30 by a vote of 416-5, and the Senate passed an amended version on November 8. A compromise version was passed on November 13, by a vote of 406-7 in the House and by unanimous consent in the Senate. This report discusses the final version of the legislation, as enacted into law.
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Advertising of Alcoholic Beverages: Should a Radio and TV Ban be Imposed?

Advertising of Alcoholic Beverages: Should a Radio and TV Ban be Imposed?

Date: July 26, 1985
Creator: Mulock, Bruce K.
Description: This issue brief discusses the ongoing debate centered around television and radio advertising of alcoholic beverages, especially as it relates to the possible negative influence on the drinking habits of minors.
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Amber Alert Program Technology

Amber Alert Program Technology

Date: May 18, 2005
Creator: Moore, Linda K
Description: This report discusses provisions in the National Intelligence Reform Act of 2004 to test Amber Alert network technology for use in expanding the Emergency Alert System (EAS). The Amber Alert network utilizes a combination of technologies, such as highway messages boards, the Internet, and text messaging, to ensure the swift recovery of abducted children.
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Amber Alert Program Technology

Amber Alert Program Technology

Date: September 9, 2009
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Description: This report discusses Amber Alerts (also referred to as AMBER plans) which use technology to disseminate information about child abductions in a timely manner. Technologies used for alerts include the Emergency Alert System (EAS), highway messages boards, telephone alert systems, the Internet, text messaging, and email.
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Article Packet: Background Information on Seatbelts in School Buses

Article Packet: Background Information on Seatbelts in School Buses

Date: October 17, 1983
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: This notice from the Department of Transportation, denies a petition for rule-making filed by Physicians for Automotive Safety (PAS), asking this agency to mandate the installation of seat belts on all school buses. NHTSA believes that the currently mandated occupant protections in school buses provide an adequate level of safety protection, and that seat belts would not raise the level of protection for the occupants unless States and local jurisdictions were willing to take steps to ensure that the seat belts were actually used.
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The Au Pair Program

The Au Pair Program

Date: January 30, 1998
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.
Description: Legislation passed late in the 103rd Congress granted the U.S. Information Agency (USIA) authority to design and implement more rigorous rules regulating the au pair program. In 1997, the au pair program received considerable media attention as a result of the Louise Woodward court case regarding possible involvement of an au pair in the death of a child in Massachusetts. The U.S. Information Agency amended existing federal regulations for the au pair program in September 1997 to underscore the cultural exchange aspect of the program and strengthen au pair recruiting and training.
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Breastfeeding and Jury Duty: State Laws, Court Rules, and Related Issues

Breastfeeding and Jury Duty: State Laws, Court Rules, and Related Issues

Date: May 17, 2005
Creator: Weimer, Douglas Reid
Description: The fact that a state, a court system, or a single court does not have a law, rule, or formally written procedure does not necessarily mean that a breastfeeding mother will be compelled to serve on a jury. It appears that a general “medical exception” from jury duty may be applicable to breastfeeding mothers in some instances, and local practice and custom may influence an excuse or deferral from jury duty. It appears that many of the decisions concerning a nursing mother’s excuse or deferral from jury duty are handled on a case-by-case basis by the individual courts.
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Breastfeeding: Federal Legislation

Breastfeeding: Federal Legislation

Date: May 5, 2005
Creator: Weimer, Douglas Reid
Description: There has been significant growth in the practice of breastfeeding in recent years. As a result, Congress and numerous state legislatures have considered various proposals concerning different aspects of breastfeeding. Through appropriations legislation, Congress has repeatedly affirmed a mother’s right to breastfeed on federal property or in a federal building, if the mother and child are authorized to be in that location. This practice was most recently affirmed in the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2005.
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Budget Reconciliation FY2006: Medicaid, Medicare, and State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) Provisions

Budget Reconciliation FY2006: Medicaid, Medicare, and State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) Provisions

Date: November 2, 2005
Creator: Baumrucker, Evelyne P; Chaikind, Hinda Ripps; Grady, April; Hahn, Jim; Hearne, Jean P; Herz, Elicia J et al.
Description: This is one report in the series of reports that discus the Budget Reconciliation- Medicaid, Medicare, and SCHIP Provisions. These are some of the issues discussed in this report: Medicaid Outpatient Prescription Drugs, Long-Term Care under Medicaid, Fraud, Waste, and Abuse, State Financing and Medicaid, Improving the Medicaid and State Children’s Health Insurance Programs, Medicare Advantage, and other Medicare Provisions.
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Budget Reconciliation FY2006: Medicaid, Medicare, and State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) Provisions

Budget Reconciliation FY2006: Medicaid, Medicare, and State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) Provisions

Date: October 31, 2005
Creator: Baumrucker, Evelyne P; Chaikind, Hinda Ripps; Grady, April; Hahn, Jim; Hearne, Jean P; Herz, Elicia J et al.
Description: This is one report in the series of reports that discus the Budget Reconciliation- Medicaid, Medicare, and SCHIP Provisions. These are some of the issues discussed in this report: Medicaid Outpatient Prescription Drugs, Long-Term Care under Medicaid, Fraud, Waste, and Abuse, State Financing and Medicaid, Improving the Medicaid and State Children’s Health Insurance Programs, Medicare Advantage, and other Medicare Provisions.
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Budget Reconciliation: Projections of Funding in the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP)

Budget Reconciliation: Projections of Funding in the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP)

Date: October 28, 2005
Creator: Peterson, Chris L
Description: In FY2005, six states faced the prospect of running out of federal funds in the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP). This was the first time since the program’s creation in 1997 that multiple states faced such a shortfall. The shortfalls were avoided by the redistribution of funds from other states’ original SCHIP allotments that had not been spent by the end of the three-year period of availability. To address this, the reconciliation proposal approved by the Senate Finance Committee would reduce the period of availability for original allotments from three years to two.
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Child Abuse: History, Legislation and Issues

Child Abuse: History, Legislation and Issues

Date: January 13, 1978
Creator: Jones, Jean Yavis
Description: This report discusses child abuse legislation in United States, child abuse prevention and treatment, incidence of child abuse and neglect. The report provides a summary of major legislation in the 1st session of the 95th congress.
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The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA): Background, Programs, and Funding

The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA): Background, Programs, and Funding

Date: November 4, 2009
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Description: This report begins with discussion of the issue and scope of child abuse and neglect, followed by a discussion of the manner and scope of the work of the child protective services (CPS) agency in receiving and responding to allegations of child abuse or neglect, and then looks at some identified risk factors for poor child and family outcomes among all children in families investigated for abuse or neglect.
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The Child Care and Development Block Grant: Background and Funding

The Child Care and Development Block Grant: Background and Funding

Date: April 7, 2003
Creator: Butler, Alice & Gish, Melinda
Description: This report discusses several federal programs support child care for low-income families, the principal being a federal block grant program: The Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG). The CCDBG is administered by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and provides allotments to states, according to a formula, which are used to subsidize the child care expenses of low-income families with children under age 13.
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The Child Care and Development Block Grant: Background and Funding

The Child Care and Development Block Grant: Background and Funding

Date: September 17, 2014
Creator: Lynch, Karen E.
Description: This report discusses the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG), which provides subsidies to assist low-income families in obtaining child care so that parents can work or participate in education or training activities.
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Child Care Issues in the 107th Congress

Child Care Issues in the 107th Congress

Date: September 9, 2002
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report includes recent developments in federal child care programs and tax provisions. The report discusses several federal programs that support child care or related services, primarily for low-income working families. In addition, the tax code includes provisions specifically targeted to assist families with child care expenses. The report presents the legislative activity in the 107th Congress in regard to child care legislature and provisions.
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Child Care Issues in the 107th Congress

Child Care Issues in the 107th Congress

Date: March 10, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report includes recent developments in federal child care programs and tax provisions. The report discusses several federal programs that support child care or related services, primarily for low-income working families. In addition, the tax code includes provisions specifically targeted to assist families with child care expenses. The report presents the legislative activity in the 107th Congress in regard to child care legislature and provisions.
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Child Care Issues in the 107th Congress

Child Care Issues in the 107th Congress

Date: October 29, 2002
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report includes recent developments in federal child care programs and tax provisions. The report discusses several federal programs that support child care or related services, primarily for low-income working families. In addition, the tax code includes provisions specifically targeted to assist families with child care expenses. The report presents the legislative activity in the 107th Congress in regard to child care legislature and provisions.
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Child Care Issues in the 107th Congress

Child Care Issues in the 107th Congress

Date: July 2, 2002
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report includes recent developments in federal child care programs and tax provisions. The report discusses several federal programs that support child care or related services, primarily for low-income working families. In addition, the tax code includes provisions specifically targeted to assist families with child care expenses. The report presents the legislative activity in the 107th Congress in regard to child care legislature and provisions.
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Child Care Issues in the 108th Congress

Child Care Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: September 16, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda
Description: This report includes recent developments in federal child care programs and tax provisions. The report discusses several federal programs that support child care or related services, primarily for low-income working families. In addition, the tax code includes provisions specifically targeted to assist families with child care expenses. The report presents the legislative activity in the 108th Congress in regard to child care legislature and provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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