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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Electricity Restructuring Background: Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 (PUHCA)

Electricity Restructuring Background: Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 (PUHCA)

Date: January 7, 1999
Creator: Abel, Amy
Description: This report provides background information on PUHCA, including its history and impact. It also discusses how PUHCA reform fits into the current electric utility industry restructuring debate. This report will be updated as events warrant. For related information on electricity restructuring, see the CRS Electronic Briefing Book.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Compensating Farmers for the Tobacco Settlement

Compensating Farmers for the Tobacco Settlement

Date: July 6, 1998
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: The legislative proposals designed to reduce smoking, primarily by teenagers, are likely to have negative economic consequences for tobacco growers and tobacco-dependent communities. This report discusses the possibility of some kind of compensation to farmers as part of the settlement package legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Softwood Lumber Imports: The 1996 U.S.-Canada Agreement

Softwood Lumber Imports: The 1996 U.S.-Canada Agreement

Date: June 13, 1996
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Privatizing the United States Enrichment Corporation

Privatizing the United States Enrichment Corporation

Date: January 21, 1997
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Interstate Waste Transport: Legislative Issues

Interstate Waste Transport: Legislative Issues

Date: June 16, 1999
Creator: McCarthy, James E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renewable Energy and Electricity Restructuring

Renewable Energy and Electricity Restructuring

Date: July 20, 1999
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Advanced Technology Program

The Advanced Technology Program

Date: August 10, 1999
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: The Advanced Technology Program (ATP) was created by P.L. 100-418, the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988, to encourage public-private cooperation in the development of pre-competitive technologies with broad application across industries. This activity has been targeted for elimination as a means to cut federal spending. This report discusses the ATP and related issues of federal appropriations (or the lack thereof).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Land Ownership: Constitutional Authority; the History of Acquisition, Disposal, and Retention; and Current Acquisition and Disposal Authorities

Federal Land Ownership: Constitutional Authority; the History of Acquisition, Disposal, and Retention; and Current Acquisition and Disposal Authorities

Date: April 7, 1999
Creator: Gorte, Ross W & Baldwin, Pamela
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Regulatory Structure for Egg Safety: Fact Sheet

Federal Regulatory Structure for Egg Safety: Fact Sheet

Date: September 21, 1999
Creator: Vogt, Donna U
Description: This report discusses the federal role in regulating egg safety. Although the egg industry is primarily responsible for ensuring the safety of its products, four federal agencies hold statutory responsibilities for egg safety.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Summary and Comparison of the Major Agricultural Provisions of the Tobacco Settlement Policy Proposals

Summary and Comparison of the Major Agricultural Provisions of the Tobacco Settlement Policy Proposals

Date: July 6, 1998
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Plant Closings, Mass Layoffs, and Worker Dislocations: Data Issues

Plant Closings, Mass Layoffs, and Worker Dislocations: Data Issues

Date: March 29, 1993
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: For at least 15 years Members of Congress have continued to ask: How many U.S. manufacturing plants have closed? For at least 15 years they have continued to ask: How many U.S. manufacturing plants have relocated abroad, and where have they gone? For at least 15 years the answer has been: For the most part, those questions can't be answered, based on Government data. How many plants are moving to Mexico? What industries and what States are the plants from? How many U.S. workers are losing their jobs as a result? It appears that still, after two legislative attempts to mandate collection of these data, the Government publishes no counts of U.S. plant closings, and almost no information on plant relocations. Options for strengthening the data systems include addressing three main weaknesses: inadequate data program design, a plant closing definition that misses its mark, and publication of partial instead of complete survey results.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Online Privacy Protection: Issues and Developments

Online Privacy Protection: Issues and Developments

Date: September 28, 1999
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Attorneys' Fees in the State Tobacco Litigation Cases

Attorneys' Fees in the State Tobacco Litigation Cases

Date: September 23, 1997
Creator: Contrubis, John
Description: In the past few years, many states have filed complaints against the tobacco industry in state court to recover Medicaid costs paid by the states to treat their citizens for tobacco related illnesses. The states are also attempting to recover other damages, such as punitive damages, against the tobacco industry. For various reasons, the states have hired private attorneys to assist the state Attorneys General in prosecuting these cases. In most cases, the retention of private counsel has included a fee agreement specifying the amount of compensation that these attorneys will receive for their services. These agreements are not uniform among the states, but most tend to provide some form of contingency fee arrangement. Some of these states have developed a sliding scale contingency fee schedule which varies with the amount of time spent on the litigation and whether a trial has begun. This report briefly summarizes the different fee agreements that the states have with private counsel.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cigarette Taxes to Fund Health Care Reform: An Economic Analysis

Cigarette Taxes to Fund Health Care Reform: An Economic Analysis

Date: March 8, 1994
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Zimmerman, Dennis
Description: A cigarette excise tax increase of 75 cents per pack has been proposed to finance part of the President's universal health care program. The tax enjoys considerable public support, would raise about $11 billion per year, and would be relatively simple to administer because it would increase an existing manufacturer's excise tax. This report discusses these rationales, as well as other effects of and concerns about the tax, organized into topics of market failure as a justification for the tax (i.e., economic efficiency); potential for revenue; equity; and the job loss the tax might cause in tobacco growing regions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cooperative Research and Development Agreements

Cooperative Research and Development Agreements

Date: November 17, 1998
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: A Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) is a mechanism established by P.L. 99-602, the Federal Technology Transfer Act, to allow the transfer of technology, knowledge, and expertise from government laboratories to the private sector for further development and commercialization. The government provides support in the way of overhead for research and development performed in the federal laboratory and is prohibited from providing funding directly to the partner in the collaborative effort. Currently, more than 5,000 CRADAs have been signed. As the 105th Congress determines its approach to science and technology policies, the role of CRADAs continues to be debated within the context of federal support for R&D
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DOD's Dual-Use Strategy

DOD's Dual-Use Strategy

Date: July 3, 1997
Creator: Moteff, John D.
Description: In an effort to reduce the costs of its military systems and gain greater access to state-of-the-art technologies, the Department of Defense is pursuing what is being called a "dual-use" strategy. This strategy seeks to make greater use of the commercial sector in developing and manufacturing military goods. This report discusses issues raised over the implementation of this strategy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Competitiveness: Economic Issue or Illusion?

Competitiveness: Economic Issue or Illusion?

Date: May 5, 1994
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China: Commission of Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense (COSTIND) and Defense Industries

China: Commission of Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense (COSTIND) and Defense Industries

Date: December 3, 1997
Creator: Kan, Shirley A
Description: Congressional interest in the Chinese military, or People’s Liberation Army (PLA), has increased as a result of the March 1996 tensions in the Taiwan Strait, continuing allegations of Chinese proliferation of technology useful in weapons of mass destruction, and reports that some Chinese defense-related corporations have circumvented U.S. export controls to acquire dual-use technology. The Commission of Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense (COSTIND), an important, high-level PLA organization, plays a role in China’s weapon programs, sales of civilian goods, acquisition of military technology, and arms sales and export controls. The purpose of this CRS Report is to examine the origins and command, roles, and influence of COSTIND.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Internet Tax Bills in the 105th Congress

Internet Tax Bills in the 105th Congress

Date: August 21, 1998
Creator: Noto, Nonna A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japanese and U.S. Industrial Associations: Their Roles in High-Technology Policymaking

Japanese and U.S. Industrial Associations: Their Roles in High-Technology Policymaking

Date: June 26, 1991
Creator: Nanto, Dick K & McLoughlin, Glenn J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stormwater Permits: Status of EPA's Regulatory Program

Stormwater Permits: Status of EPA's Regulatory Program

Date: June 10, 1998
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Automobile and Parts Trade Dispute

Japan-U.S. Automobile and Parts Trade Dispute

Date: June 9, 1995
Creator: Nanto, Dick K; Cooper, William H & Bass, Gwenell L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mandates Information Act: Implications for Congressional Action on Legislation Containing Private Sector Mandates

Mandates Information Act: Implications for Congressional Action on Legislation Containing Private Sector Mandates

Date: May 15, 1998
Creator: Beth, Richard S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 1995 Japan-U.S. Auto and Parts Trade Dispute: Terms of the Settlement and Implications

The 1995 Japan-U.S. Auto and Parts Trade Dispute: Terms of the Settlement and Implications

Date: August 9, 1995
Creator: Nanto, Dick K. & Bass, Gwenell L.
Description: On June 28, 1995, the United States and Japan reached a settlement in a long-running dispute over access to Japan's market for automobiles and parts. 100-percent tariffs by the United States on imports of luxury cars from Japan had been threatened under a Section 301 unfair trade practices case dealing with the aftermarket for autoparts in Japan. This report describes the dispute, the settlement, and questions and issues that still remain.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department