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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Contract “Bundling” Under the Small Business Act: Existing Law and Proposed Amendments

Contract “Bundling” Under the Small Business Act: Existing Law and Proposed Amendments

Date: June 11, 2012
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses regulations from Congress on bundling, which refers to the consolidation of two or more requirements for goods or services previously provided or performed under separate smaller contracts into a solicitation for a single contract that is likely to be unsuitable for award to a small business because of its size or scope. It particularly looks at the Small Business Act and new legislation by the 112th Congress to expand the definition of bundling, strengthen the authority of the Administrator of Small Business, and requirements for reporting bundled procurements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Codes of Conduct for Multinational Corporations: An Overview

Codes of Conduct for Multinational Corporations: An Overview

Date: February 14, 2011
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: The U.S. economy has grown increasingly interconnected with other economies around the world, a phenomenon often referred to as globalization. Over the past 20 years, multinational corporations and nations have adopted voluntary, legally enforceable, and industry-specific codes of conduct to address concerns over the economic, social, and political impact of this phenomenon. Congress will continue to play a pivotal role in addressing the large number of issues regarding internationally applied corporate codes of conduct that remain to be negotiated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program

Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program

Date: August 4, 2010
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report briefly discusses the Small Business Innovation Development Act (P.L. 97-219), which in 1982 established Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) programs designed to increase participation of small innovative companies in federally funded research and development (R&D). The report also discusses the program's extensions and reauthorization activity over the years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program

Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program

Date: November 14, 2012
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report discusses the Small Business Innovation Development Act (P.L. 97-219. The report also discusses the program's extensions and reauthorization activity over the years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Tax Relief: Proposals in the 108th Congress and Their Economic Justification

Small Business Tax Relief: Proposals in the 108th Congress and Their Economic Justification

Date: May 9, 2003
Creator: Guenther, Gary
Description: This report examines the economic arguments for and against small business tax subsidies in the context of current congressional proposals to expand them. It begins with a brief description of current federal tax subsidies for small firms, moves on to consider the principal economic arguments for and against these subsidies, and concludes with a discussion of proposals in the 108th Congress to expand small business tax subsidies and their likely economic effects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Codes of Conduct for Multinational Corporations: An Overview

Codes of Conduct for Multinational Corporations: An Overview

Date: April 16, 2013
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report examines corporate social responsibility (CSR) on the part of multinational corporations in the globalized economy. The report discusses the U.S. government's role through regulation, as well as industry-specific codes of conduct.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The "8(a) Program" for Small Businesses Owned and Controlled by the Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: Legal Requirements and Issues

The "8(a) Program" for Small Businesses Owned and Controlled by the Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: Legal Requirements and Issues

Date: October 12, 2012
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Luckey, John R.
Description: This report provides a brief history of the 8(a) Program, summarizes key requirements, and discusses legal challenges alleging that the program's presumption that members of certain racial and ethnic groups are socially disadvantaged violates the constitutional guarantee of equal protection.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Small Business Provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Date: February 25, 2009
Creator: Weiss, N. E. & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Description: This report provides an overview of key provisions related to the Small Business Administration (SBA), based on appropriations in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA, P.L. 111-5).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Small Business Statistics

Selected Small Business Statistics

Date: July 3, 2007
Creator: Weiss, N. E.
Description: This report gathers selected statistics on the role of small businesses in the national economy that Congress has frequently asked the Congressional Research Service (CRS) to provide. Most of the statistics are calculated by CRS from Census data. The report uses the widely accepted research definition that a small business has fewer than 500 employees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration and Job Creation

Small Business Administration and Job Creation

Date: January 29, 2015
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: The Small Business Administration (SBA) administers several programs to support small businesses, including loan guaranty programs, disaster loan programs, management and technical assistance training programs, and federal contracting programs. Congressional interest in these programs has increased in recent years, primarily because they are viewed as a means to stimulate economic activity, create jobs, and assist in the national economic recovery. This report examines the economic research on net job creation to identify the types of businesses that appear to create the most jobs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration and Job Creation

Small Business Administration and Job Creation

Date: January 30, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: The Small Business Administration (SBA) administers several programs to support small businesses, including loan guaranty programs; disaster loan programs; management and technical assistance training programs; and federal contracting programs. Congressional interest in these programs has increased in recent years, primarily because they are viewed as a means to stimulate economic activity, create jobs, and assist in the national economic recovery. This report examines the economic research on net job creation to identify the types of businesses that appear to create the most jobs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act, H.R. 1036 and S. 659, 108th Congress: Legal Analysis

Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act, H.R. 1036 and S. 659, 108th Congress: Legal Analysis

Date: March 1, 2004
Creator: Cohen, Henry
Description: This report examines H.R. 1036, 108th Congress, as ordered to be reported by the House Committee on the Judiciary on April 3, 2003, and passed by the House without amendment on April 9, 2003. H.R. 1036, titled the “Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act,” would prohibit lawsuits, except in specified circumstances, against a manufacturer or seller of a firearm or ammunition, or a trade association, for damages resulting from the criminal or unlawful misuse of a firearm or ammunition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration Trade and Export Promotion Programs

Small Business Administration Trade and Export Promotion Programs

Date: April 2, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report begins with the history, role, and scope of SBA's export promotion activities, and the creation of OIT. Next, quantitative data from SBA and qualitative data from other sources are used to provide performance analysis of SBA's international programs. This report concludes with a presentation of three issues for consideration during an era where concerns of fiscal responsibility and economic recovery are high priorities for many policy makers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration Trade and Export Promotion Programs

Small Business Administration Trade and Export Promotion Programs

Date: February 3, 2015
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report begins with the history, role, and scope of the Small Business Administration's (SBA's) export promotion activities, and the creation of the Office of International Trade (OIT). Next, quantitative data from SBA and qualitative data from other sources are used to provide performance analysis of SBA's international programs. This report concludes with a presentation of three issues for consideration during an era where concerns of fiscal responsibility and economic recovery are high priorities for many policy makers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business and the 97th Congress

Small Business and the 97th Congress

Date: December 6, 1982
Creator: Scott, Oscar
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stealing Trade Secrets and Economic Espionage: An Overview of 18 U.S.C. 1831 and 1832

Stealing Trade Secrets and Economic Espionage: An Overview of 18 U.S.C. 1831 and 1832

Date: August 28, 2012
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: Report that gives an overview of 18 U.S.C. 1832 (theft of trade secrets) and 18 U.S.C. 1831 (economic espionage). It also describes what constitutes as a stolen trade secret, and how such crimes are prosecuted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Trade Secrets in Innovation Policy

The Role of Trade Secrets in Innovation Policy

Date: January 15, 2014
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: This report provides an overview of the law and policy of trade secrets. It discusses the role of trade secrets in six sections: Trade Secrets and Innovation Policy, An Overview of Trade Secret Law (Basic Principles, and Sources of Law), The Economic Espionage Act, Trade Secrets and Patents (Introduction to the Patent System, Trade Secrets and Patents Compared, and The Prior Commercial User Defense), Congressional Issues and Options, and Concluding Observations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Corporate Income Tax System: Overview and Options for Reform

The Corporate Income Tax System: Overview and Options for Reform

Date: December 1, 2014
Creator: Keightley, Mark P. & Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report presents information and research on the corporate tax to help policy makers understand and evaluate arguments presented in the tax reform debate. This report first reviews the structure of the corporate income tax. Data on which companies pay the corporate tax, corporate tax revenue, and how the U.S. system compares to the rest of the world are then presented and analyzed. Next, the economic effects of the corporate tax are reviewed--including a discussion of the purpose of the corporate tax, who bears the burden of the tax, and how to evaluate alternative corporate tax systems. The report then reviews broad reform options and concludes with a comparison of specific proposals that have been offered.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Trade Secrets in Innovation Policy

The Role of Trade Secrets in Innovation Policy

Date: August 31, 2010
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: This report provides an overview of the law and policy of trade secrets. It discusses the role of trade secrets in U.S. innovation policy. It then reviews the sources of trade secret law and the substantive rules that they provide. The report then provides a more detailed review of existing federal legislation that pertains to trade secrets. In its next section, the report then discusses the relationship between patent law and trade secret law. The report closes with an identification of congressional issues and options within this field.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Confronting a New Dynamic in the Global Economy

The U.S. Motor Vehicle Industry: Confronting a New Dynamic in the Global Economy

Date: March 26, 2010
Creator: Canis, Bill & Yacobucci, Brent D.
Description: This report provides an in-depth analysis of the 2009 crisis in the U.S. auto industry and its prospects for regaining domestic and global competitiveness. It also analyzes business and policy issues arising from the unprecedented restructurings that occurred within the industry. The starting point for this analysis is June-July 2009, with General Motors Company (GM or new GM) and Chrysler Group LLC (or new Chrysler) incorporated as new companies, having selectively acquired many, but not all, assets from their predecessor companies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Contracting and Subcontracting with Small Businesses: Issues in the 112th Congress

Federal Contracting and Subcontracting with Small Businesses: Issues in the 112th Congress

Date: March 7, 2012
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Lunder, Erika K.
Description: Congress has generally broad authority to impose requirements upon the federal procurement process, or the process whereby agencies obtain goods and services from the private sector. One of the many ways in which Congress has exercised this authority is by enacting measures intended to promote contracting and subcontracting with "small businesses" by federal agencies. This report describes and analyzes measures that Members of the 112th Congress have enacted or proposed in response to particular issues pertaining to small business contracting and subcontracting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Job Creation in the Manufacturing Revival

Job Creation in the Manufacturing Revival

Date: June 20, 2012
Creator: Levinson, Marc
Description: This report looks at recent growth in the U.S. manufacturing sector, which has occurred not only as a result of the country's recovery from recession but also because a change in the nature of manufacturing work.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Corporate Income Tax System: Overview and Options for Reform

The Corporate Income Tax System: Overview and Options for Reform

Date: September 13, 2012
Creator: Keightley, Mark P. & Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report (1) briefly reviews the current U.S. corporate tax system; (2) discusses economic factors that may be considered in the corporate tax reform debate; and (3) presents corporate tax reform policy options, including a brief discussion of current corporate tax reform proposals.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Should Banking Powers Expand into Real Estate Brokerage and Management?

Should Banking Powers Expand into Real Estate Brokerage and Management?

Date: July 30, 2003
Creator: Jackson, William D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department