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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Chrysler Corporation Loan Guarantee Act of 1979: Background, Provisions, and Cost

Chrysler Corporation Loan Guarantee Act of 1979: Background, Provisions, and Cost

Date: December 8, 2008
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Description: A look at how the Chrysler Loan Guarantee Act of 1979 affected TARP funding for the Detroit Big Three.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civil Charges in Corporate Scandals

Civil Charges in Corporate Scandals

Date: April 8, 2004
Creator: Jickling, Mark & Janov, Paul H
Description: This report lists civil suites filled by federal regulatory agencies charging individuals and corporations with violations related to these scandals. The list is limited to corporations and their offices or employees that fit within the Enron pattern. That is, these are cases that display one or more of the following: irregular accounting and auditing, management self-dealing, conflicts of interests between firms and financial advisors (or Wall Street firms and their costumers), and manipulation or abusive trading in energy markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
E-Commerce Statistics: Explanation and Sources

E-Commerce Statistics: Explanation and Sources

Date: February 22, 2002
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: Congress will play a vital role in many e-commerce policy issues, including Internet taxation, encryption and electronic authentication (i.e., digital signatures), intellectual property protection (i.e., patent or copyright infringement), computer network security, and privacy safeguards for individuals and organizations, as well as consideration of how European Union (EU) and World Trade Organization (WTO) policies may affect U.S. e-commerce activities. This report addresses the complexities of measuring e-commerce growth, and provides background information on government and private firms’ methods for estimating it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
E-Commerce Statistics: Explanation and Sources

E-Commerce Statistics: Explanation and Sources

Date: June 4, 2003
Creator: Tehan, Rita
Description: Congress will play a vital role in many e-commerce policy issues, including Internet taxation, encryption and electronic authentication (i.e., digital signatures), intellectual property protection (i.e., patent or copyright infringement), computer network security, and privacy safeguards for individuals and organizations, as well as consideration of how European Union (EU) and World Trade Organization (WTO) policies may affect U.S. e-commerce activities. This report addresses the complexities of measuring e-commerce growth, and provides background information on government and private firms’ methods for estimating it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Comparison of Tax Incentives of Domestic Manufacturing:  108th Congress

Comparison of Tax Incentives of Domestic Manufacturing: 108th Congress

Date: January 25, 2005
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: The enacted provision of this legislation (H.R. 4520), following the passage of the Senate’s version (then S. 1637) and the House bill (H.R. 4520) followed the Senate version, which allowed a deduction and would cover unincorporated firms as well as corporations. However, the proposal contained the broader definition of manufacturing in the House bill which included oil and gas extraction, utilities, construction, and electricity. This report discusses the provisions in these two versions of the subsidy as well as some of the issues surrounding alternative methods of providing a manufacturing subsidy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Comparison of Tax Incentives of Domestic Manufacturing in Current Legislative Proposals

Comparison of Tax Incentives of Domestic Manufacturing in Current Legislative Proposals

Date: November 19, 2003
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: This report presents two approaches that have quite different implications for tax administration and Compliance. First, additional domestic investment would have both a direct tax benefit effect, and an indirect effect through increasing the ratio of domestic to world production. Secondly, if one considers the other provisions of H.R. 2896 and S. 1637, these provisions provide benefits (in some cases quite large benefits) to investment overseas that could more than offset any domestic incentive.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Competitive Sourcing Legislation

Competitive Sourcing Legislation

Date: March 29, 2005
Creator: Halchin, L. Elaine
Description: Competitive sourcing is a government-wide initiative that subjects commercial activities performed by federal government employees to public-private competition. As a federal government policy, competitive sourcing debuted in 1966 with the publication of Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-76. Under the circular, commercial activities performed by federal employees are subjected to public-private competition.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional or Federal Charters: Overview and Current Issues

Congressional or Federal Charters: Overview and Current Issues

Date: August 25, 2005
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R
Description: A congressional or federal charter is a federal statute that establishes a corporation. Congress has issued charters since 1791, although most charters were issued after the start of the 20th century. This report discusses the issues that recently, Congress has faced two issues involving its use of charters — confusion over who is responsible for the activities of chartered corporations and the challenges of managing them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressionally Chartered Nonprofit Organizations ("Title 36 Corporations"): What They Are and How Congress Treats Them

Congressionally Chartered Nonprofit Organizations ("Title 36 Corporations"): What They Are and How Congress Treats Them

Date: April 8, 2004
Creator: Moe, Ronald C
Description: This report discusses a category of congressionally chartered nonprofit organizations that have as their purpose the promotion of patriotic, charitable, educational, and other eleemosynary activities . Title 36 of the United States Code, where such corporate organizations are listed with their charters, was re-codified by law in 1998 (EL 105-225).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congress’s Power Under the Commerce Clause: The Impact of Recent Court Decisions

Congress’s Power Under the Commerce Clause: The Impact of Recent Court Decisions

Date: June 23, 2004
Creator: Tatelman, Todd B
Description: This report will first review the current Supreme Court case law with respect to the Commerce Clause. Second, it will examine the analysis used and the results of the three lower court opinions. Finally, two areas of tension that appear to exist within the Court’s jurisprudence, and the potential implications that resolution of these conflicts may have on congressional power under the Commerce Clause will be examined.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department