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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Cigarette Taxes to Fund Health Care Reform: An Economic Analysis

Cigarette Taxes to Fund Health Care Reform: An Economic Analysis

Date: March 8, 1994
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Zimmerman, Dennis
Description: A cigarette excise tax increase of 75 cents per pack has been proposed to finance part of the President's universal health care program. The tax enjoys considerable public support, would raise about $11 billion per year, and would be relatively simple to administer because it would increase an existing manufacturer's excise tax. This report discusses these rationales, as well as other effects of and concerns about the tax, organized into topics of market failure as a justification for the tax (i.e., economic efficiency); potential for revenue; equity; and the job loss the tax might cause in tobacco growing regions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan-U.S. Trade: The Construction Services Issue

Japan-U.S. Trade: The Construction Services Issue

Date: November 4, 1993
Creator: Cooper, William H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Plant Closings, Mass Layoffs, and Worker Dislocations: Data Issues

Plant Closings, Mass Layoffs, and Worker Dislocations: Data Issues

Date: March 29, 1993
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: For at least 15 years Members of Congress have continued to ask: How many U.S. manufacturing plants have closed? For at least 15 years they have continued to ask: How many U.S. manufacturing plants have relocated abroad, and where have they gone? For at least 15 years the answer has been: For the most part, those questions can't be answered, based on Government data. How many plants are moving to Mexico? What industries and what States are the plants from? How many U.S. workers are losing their jobs as a result? It appears that still, after two legislative attempts to mandate collection of these data, the Government publishes no counts of U.S. plant closings, and almost no information on plant relocations. Options for strengthening the data systems include addressing three main weaknesses: inadequate data program design, a plant closing definition that misses its mark, and publication of partial instead of complete survey results.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japanese and U.S. Industrial Associations: Their Roles in High-Technology Policymaking

Japanese and U.S. Industrial Associations: Their Roles in High-Technology Policymaking

Date: June 26, 1991
Creator: Nanto, Dick K & McLoughlin, Glenn J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japanese Companies and Technology: Lessons to Learn?

Japanese Companies and Technology: Lessons to Learn?

Date: April 15, 1991
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: American companies are facing increased competitive pressures from foreign firms. Many observers feel that U.S. firms lag behind their foreign competitors in the development, application, and marketing of new technologies and techniques. The Japanese industrial enterprise is characterized by a large proportion of private sector financing and many other factors, which this report analyzes at length. The question being debated by Congress is whether or not U.S. government programs and policies are an acceptable and effective means of supporting the efforts of American industries to operate in a manner consistent with success in world markets.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan: Resale Price Maintenance

Japan: Resale Price Maintenance

Date: March 28, 1991
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: Resale price maintenance occurs when manufacturers control the prices charged by wholesalers or retailers of their products. In Japan, such activities are prohibited, although certain exemptions are allowed. The U.S. concern over the practice is that it could allow Japanese firms to generate a secure profit base in their home market in order to finance aggressive price competition abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mandated Employer Provided Health Insurance

Mandated Employer Provided Health Insurance

Date: October 11, 1988
Creator: Fuchs, Beth C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Labor Market of the 1980s: Unemployment Omens in a Growing Economy

The Labor Market of the 1980s: Unemployment Omens in a Growing Economy

Date: January 22, 1988
Creator: Roth, Dennis M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Labor Market of the 1980s: Unemployment Omens in a Growing Economy

The Labor Market of the 1980s: Unemployment Omens in a Growing Economy

Date: January 22, 1988
Creator: Roth, Dennis M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Space Issues

Space Issues

Date: August 20, 1987
Creator: Congressional Reference Division
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department