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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Electronic Commerce: An Introduction

Electronic Commerce: An Introduction

Date: June 27, 2000
Creator: McLoughlin, Glenn J
Description: Electronic commercial transactions over the Internet, or “e-commerce,” have grown so fast over the last five years that many experts continue to underestimate its growth and development. Whether retail business-to-customer or business-to-business transactions, e-commerce shows no signs of slowing down. In turn, policymakers both in the United States and abroad are likely to face increasingly complex issues of security, privacy, taxation, infrastructure development and other issues in 2000 and beyond. This report will be updated periodically.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electricity Restructuring and the Constitutionality of Retail Reciprocity Requirements

Electricity Restructuring and the Constitutionality of Retail Reciprocity Requirements

Date: March 9, 2000
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O
Description: Retail reciprocity requirements have been included in the electricity restructuring legislation of at least four states. These requirements mandate generally that out-of-state utilities which operate in a state “closed” to retail competition cannot market power to retail consumers in the “open” state. Because state reciprocity requirements enacted without congressional authorization are probably unconstitutional under the Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution, Congress would have to include a reciprocity provision in federal electricity restructuring legislation if it wants to support the view that such a provision will increase competition. This report reviews the treatment of state reciprocity requirements by the U.S. Supreme Court and discusses Congress’ power under the Commerce Clause.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
OPEC Oil Production - Facts and Figures

OPEC Oil Production - Facts and Figures

Date: March 8, 2000
Creator: Kumins, Lawrence C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms: Economic, Program, and Policy Issues

Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms: Economic, Program, and Policy Issues

Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electricity Restructuring and Tax-Exempt Bonds: Economic Analysis of Legislative Proposals

Electricity Restructuring and Tax-Exempt Bonds: Economic Analysis of Legislative Proposals

Date: January 20, 2000
Creator: Zimmerman, Dennis
Description: Tax-exempt bonds reduce public power's interest cost on debt and enable it to lower the price of electricity. This subsidy makes taxpayers better off only if the private market fails to provide the correct amount of electricity. In general, the private market can provide the correct amount of electricity; in those cases when it can not, the tax-exempt bond subsidy is unlikely to correct the problem. Tax-exempt bond legislation has been consistent with this perspective that an interest subsidy for electricity production does not correct a market failure; its focus has been to prohibit the spread of subsidized public power beyond its traditional service areas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State-by-State Comparison of Selected Electricity Restructuring Provisions

State-by-State Comparison of Selected Electricity Restructuring Provisions

Date: January 13, 2000
Creator: Abel, Amy & Shimabukuro, Jon O
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy Tax Policy: An Economic Analysis

Energy Tax Policy: An Economic Analysis

Date: January 12, 2000
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: The report provides background on the theory and application of tax policy as it relates to the energy sector, particularly with respect to the theory of market failure in the energy sector and the suggested policy remedies. This background provides a context for understanding how current or proposed energy tax policy may affect other policy objectives or be affected by such objectives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement (1998): Overview, Implementation by States, and Congressional Issues

Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement (1998): Overview, Implementation by States, and Congressional Issues

Date: November 5, 1999
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Online Privacy Protection: Issues and Developments

Online Privacy Protection: Issues and Developments

Date: September 28, 1999
Creator: Stevens, Gina Marie
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Innovation Research Program

Small Business Innovation Research Program

Date: September 27, 1999
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department