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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Brazil in Crisis

Brazil in Crisis

Date: September 14, 2016
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report briefly examines the political situation and discusses public opinion regarding the Rousseff Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Corporate Inversions: Frequently Asked Legal Questions

Corporate Inversions: Frequently Asked Legal Questions

Date: September 7, 2016
Creator: Lunder, Erika K.
Description: This report answers frequently-asked legal questions about corporate inversions. It answers questions relating to the scope and operation of Section 7874, including how key statutory terms have been interpreted by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). It discusses important Department of Treasury regulations that were finalized in 2015 and 2016, and answers questions about the IRS's authority to issue these regulations. Other questions that are answered relate to legislation introduced in the 114th Congress, the interaction of Section 7874 with tax treaties, and the imposition of an excise tax on corporate insiders who benefit from an inversion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union's Small Business Act: A Different Approach

The European Union's Small Business Act: A Different Approach

Date: September 1, 2016
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report provides information and analysis useful to Congress as it crafts small business policy for the United States. The Small Business Act for Europe (2008) is not an act, per se, as understood in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Commodity Futures Trading Commission: Proposed Reauthorization in the 114th Congress

Commodity Futures Trading Commission: Proposed Reauthorization in the 114th Congress

Date: August 3, 2016
Creator: Miller, Rena S.
Description: This report provides information about the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), which regulates futures, most options, and swaps markets. It includes background information, a description of the CFTC reauthorization process, and more extensive explanations of selected provisions in H.R. 2289 and S. 2917 that were recently reauthorized or changed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brazil in Crisis

Brazil in Crisis

Date: July 6, 2016
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report examines the current political and economic climate in Brazil, which is in the midst of severe economic and political crises that are closely intertwined and unlikely to be resolved quickly.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Job Creation in the Manufacturing Revival

Job Creation in the Manufacturing Revival

Date: June 28, 2016
Creator: Levinson, Marc
Description: This report examines the current status of the manufacturing sector in the U.S., which is a subject of ongoing interest in Congress. After rebounding from the 2007-09 recession, U.S. manufacturing output has grown little since the second half of 2014. Over the same period, employment in the U.S. manufacturing sector has been flat. These trends defy expectations that forces such as higher labor costs in the emerging economies of Asia, heightened concern about the risk of disruptions to long, complex supply chains, and the development of inexpensive domestic supplies of natural gas would increase the relative attractiveness of the United States as a location for factory production.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Slow Growth in the Current U.S. Economic Expansion

Slow Growth in the Current U.S. Economic Expansion

Date: June 24, 2016
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.; Labonte, Marc & Stupak, Jeffrey M.
Description: This report summarizes the U.S. economic growth record and reviews a number of explanations forwarded by economists for why this expansion has featured slow growth. Some explanations focus on short-term factors that would not be expected to persist, while others focus on long-term changes to the economy. The report does not discuss labor market conditions, except in the context of how they contribute to the pace of GDP growth.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Athletic Footwear for the Military: The Berry Amendment Controversy

Athletic Footwear for the Military: The Berry Amendment Controversy

Date: June 10, 2016
Creator: Platzer, Michaela D.
Description: This report briefly examines issues regarding the Berry Amendment, which is a 1941 federal law (10 U.S.C. §2533a) requiring the Department of Defense (DOD) to purchase only wholly American-made clothing, textiles, and other essential items for the military.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Buy American Act--Preferences for "Domestic" Supplies: In Brief

The Buy American Act--Preferences for "Domestic" Supplies: In Brief

Date: April 26, 2016
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses the Buy American Act of 1933, which is the earliest and arguably the best known of various statutes regarding federal procurement of domestic products. The act attempts to protect U.S. businesses and labor by restricting the acquisition and use of end products or construction materials that are not "domestic."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Protection of Trade Secrets: Overview of Current Law and Legislation

Protection of Trade Secrets: Overview of Current Law and Legislation

Date: April 22, 2016
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report provides an overview of existing federal, state, and international laws governing trade secret protection, describes the limitations of these legal regimes, and reviews pending legislation, the Defend Trade Secrets Act (S. 1890), that is intended to address such deficiencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brazil in Crisis

Brazil in Crisis

Date: April 6, 2016
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: Brazil is in the midst of deepening economic and political crises that are closely intertwined and unlikely to be resolved quickly. This report briefly examines the political situation and discusses public opinion regarding the Rousseff Administration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA): Congressional Interest and Executive Enforcement, In Brief

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA): Congressional Interest and Executive Enforcement, In Brief

Date: March 15, 2016
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: This report briefly discusses the Foreign Corrupt Practice Act of 1977 (FCPA), which was intended to prevent corporate bribery of foreign officials. Criticisms of the act's operation and scope began almost immediately after its passage and have continued. This report addresses these criticisms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Local Food Systems: Selected Farm Bill and Other Federal Programs

Local Food Systems: Selected Farm Bill and Other Federal Programs

Date: February 5, 2016
Creator: Johnson, Renée & Cowan, Tadlock
Description: This report examines the federal support of local food systems, such as sales of locally-produced foods which comprise a small but growing part of U.S. agricultural sales.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What Does the Gig Economy Mean for Workers?

What Does the Gig Economy Mean for Workers?

Date: February 5, 2016
Creator: Donovan, Sarah A.; Bradley, David H. & Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Description: This report provides an overview of the gig economy -- i.e., the collection of markets that match providers to consumers on a gig (or job) basis in support of on-demand commerce (e.g., Uber, TaskRabbit) -- and identifies legal and policy questions relevant to its workforce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Methods of Estimating the Total Cost of Federal Regulations

Methods of Estimating the Total Cost of Federal Regulations

Date: January 21, 2016
Creator: Carey, Maeve P.
Description: This report analyzes these two approaches for estimating the total cost of federal regulations. In discussing each approach, the report provides an overview of the advantages, a brief case study, and an analysis of the potential issues or inherent problems using the case study to illustrate the concepts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
GAO Bid Protests: An Overview of Time Frames and Procedures

GAO Bid Protests: An Overview of Time Frames and Procedures

Date: January 19, 2016
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report provides an overview of the time frames and procedures in a Government Accountability Office (GAO) bid protest, including (1) what issues can be protested with GAO; (2) who can file or be a party to a GAO protest; (3) the procedures for bringing and resolving GAO protests; (4) the time frames involved in GAO protests; (5) the automatic stay of contract award or performance triggered by a GAO protest, as well as the basis for agency overrides of automatic stays and judicial review of agency override determinations; (6) the basis and effects of GAO decisions; and (7) reconsideration and "appeal" of GAO decisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multilateral Development Banks: Overview and Issues for Congress

Multilateral Development Banks: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: December 2, 2015
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report provides an overview of Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) and highlights major issues for Congress. The first section discusses how the MDBs operate, and the second section discusses the role of Congress in the MDBs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business: Access to Capital and Job Creation

Small Business: Access to Capital and Job Creation

Date: November 25, 2015
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: This report discusses the role of small business in job creation and retention, then provides an assessment of the supply and demand for small business loans and recently enacted laws designed to enhance small business access to capital. It also examines recent actions concerning the SBA's budget and concludes with a brief overview of legislative options available to address small business access to capital issues during the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Internet Tax Freedom Act: In Brief

The Internet Tax Freedom Act: In Brief

Date: October 5, 2015
Creator: Stupak, Jeffrey M.
Description: This report discusses the Internet Tax Freedom Act (ITFA; P.L. 105-277), which enacted in 1998, implemented a three-year moratorium preventing state and local governments from taxing Internet access, or imposing multiple or discriminatory taxes on electronic commerce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: October 1, 2015
Creator: Austin, D. A.
Description: This report discusses congressional restrictions on federal debt. The statutory debt limit applies to almost all federal debt. The limit applies to federal debt held by the public (that is, debt held outside the federal government itself) and to federal debt held by the government's own accounts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Legal Mechanisms Whereby the Government Can Hold Contractors Accountable for Failure to Perform or Other Misconduct

Selected Legal Mechanisms Whereby the Government Can Hold Contractors Accountable for Failure to Perform or Other Misconduct

Date: September 23, 2015
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Perry, Rodney M.
Description: This report provides an overview of selected legal mechanisms that the federal government could rely upon in holding contractors accountable for deficiencies in their performance under the contract, or for other misconduct.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
GAO Bid Protests: Trends and Analysis

GAO Bid Protests: Trends and Analysis

Date: July 21, 2015
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe & Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report is one of two providing Congress with background on the GAO bid-protest process. It analyzes trends in bid protests filed with GAO, why companies protest, the impact bid protests have on acquisitions, the most common grounds for GAO to sustain a protest, and trends in bid protests filed against DOD.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Internet Tax Freedom Act: In Brief

The Internet Tax Freedom Act: In Brief

Date: June 11, 2015
Creator: Stupak, Jeffrey M.
Description: This report discusses the Internet Tax Freedom Act (ITFA; P.L. 105-277), which enacted in 1998, implemented a three-year moratorium preventing state and local governments from taxing Internet access, or imposing multiple or discriminatory taxes on electronic commerce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Reform of U.S. International Taxation: Alternatives

Reform of U.S. International Taxation: Alternatives

Date: June 3, 2015
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report describes and assesses the principal prescriptions that have been offered for broad reform of the international system. It begins with an overview of current law and possible revisions. It then sets the framework for considering economic efficiency as well as tax shelter activities. Finally, it reviews alternative approaches to revision in light of those issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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