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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Small Business Administration HUBZone Program

Small Business Administration HUBZone Program

Date: October 15, 2010
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: The Small Business Administration (SBA) administers several programs to support small businesses, including the Historically Underutilized Business Zone Empowerment Contracting (HUBZone) program. The HUBZone program is a small business federal contracting assistance program "whose primary objective is job creation and increasing capital investment in distressed communities." This report examines the arguments presented both for and against targeting assistance to geographic areas with specified characteristics, such as low income, high poverty, or high unemployment, as opposed to providing assistance to people or businesses with specified characteristics. It then assesses the arguments presented both for and against the creation and continuation of the HUBZone program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. International Trade: Trends and Forecasts

U.S. International Trade: Trends and Forecasts

Date: October 15, 2010
Creator: Nanto, Dick K. & Donnelly, J. Michael
Description: This report discusses the U.S. trade deficit in light of the 2008 global financial crisis, with emphasis on international trade and U.S. trade policy, most recent developments in trade of goods and service, trade forecasts for the future, and how issues such as the U.S. trade deficit and international trade, particularly with China, are commonly perceived.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tariff Modifications: Miscellaneous Tariff Bills

Tariff Modifications: Miscellaneous Tariff Bills

Date: October 20, 2010
Creator: Jones, Vivian C.
Description: This report discusses the current process by which duty suspension bills and other provisions are introduced, reviewed by several government agencies and committee staff, made available for public comment, and finally included in omnibus miscellaneous trade and technical corrections bills (MTBs) legislation reported out by the committees of jurisdiction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA): Congressional Interest and Executive Enforcement

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA): Congressional Interest and Executive Enforcement

Date: October 21, 2010
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: This report briefly discusses the Foreign Corrupt Practice Act of 1977 (FCPA), which was intended to prevent corporate bribery of foreign officials. Criticisms of the act's operation and scope began almost immediately after its passage and have continued. This report discusses these criticisms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Government's Role in Electric Transmission Facility Siting

The Federal Government's Role in Electric Transmission Facility Siting

Date: October 28, 2010
Creator: Vann, Adam
Description: This report looks at the history of transmission siting and the reason behind the movement toward an increased federal role in siting decisions, explains the new federal role in transmission siting pursuant to the Energy Policy Act of 2005, and discusses legal issues related to this and any potential future expansions of the federal role.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: November 4, 2010
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase, an historical overview of debt limits, and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act: Executive Compensation

The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act: Executive Compensation

Date: November 9, 2010
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: This report discusses the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (H.R. 4173), which was implemented as part of financial regulatory reform initiatives undertaken by Congress in light of the recent global economic crisis. The legislation focuses on executive compensation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
General Motors' Initial Public Offering: Review of Issues and Implications for TARP

General Motors' Initial Public Offering: Review of Issues and Implications for TARP

Date: November 10, 2010
Creator: Canis, Bill; Webel, Baird & Shorter, Gary
Description: This report analyzes the progress General Motors Company has made since it was created from the sale of the bankrupt Old GM in July 2009 and the major issues related to its anticipated 2010 initial public offering (IPO).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Government Agencies Involved in Export Promotion: Overview and Issues for Congress

U.S. Government Agencies Involved in Export Promotion: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: November 19, 2010
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah; Hanrahan, Charles E. & Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: This report provides an overview of the federal agencies that participate in U.S. export promotion efforts and the issues that they raise for Congress. It proceeds first by discussing the coordination, budgets, and functions of federal government agencies involved in promoting exports. Next, the report provides an overview of the missions and activities of key federal government agencies that support exports. The last section of the report discusses agency-related issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. International Trade: Trends and Forecasts

U.S. International Trade: Trends and Forecasts

Date: November 19, 2010
Creator: Nanto, Dick K. & Donnelly, J. Michael
Description: This report discusses the U.S. trade deficit in light of the 2008 global financial crisis, with emphasis on international trade and U.S. trade policy, most recent developments in trade of goods and service, trade forecasts for the future, and how issues such as the U.S. trade deficit and international trade, particularly with China, are commonly perceived.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department