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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Energy Tax Policy: An Economic Analysis

Energy Tax Policy: An Economic Analysis

Date: January 12, 2000
Creator: Lazzari, Salvatore
Description: The report provides background on the theory and application of tax policy as it relates to the energy sector, particularly with respect to the theory of market failure in the energy sector and the suggested policy remedies. This background provides a context for understanding how current or proposed energy tax policy may affect other policy objectives or be affected by such objectives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State-by-State Comparison of Selected Electricity Restructuring Provisions

State-by-State Comparison of Selected Electricity Restructuring Provisions

Date: January 13, 2000
Creator: Abel, Amy & Shimabukuro, Jon O
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electricity Restructuring and Tax-Exempt Bonds: Economic Analysis of Legislative Proposals

Electricity Restructuring and Tax-Exempt Bonds: Economic Analysis of Legislative Proposals

Date: January 20, 2000
Creator: Zimmerman, Dennis
Description: Tax-exempt bonds reduce public power's interest cost on debt and enable it to lower the price of electricity. This subsidy makes taxpayers better off only if the private market fails to provide the correct amount of electricity. In general, the private market can provide the correct amount of electricity; in those cases when it can not, the tax-exempt bond subsidy is unlikely to correct the problem. Tax-exempt bond legislation has been consistent with this perspective that an interest subsidy for electricity production does not correct a market failure; its focus has been to prohibit the spread of subsidized public power beyond its traditional service areas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms: Economic, Program, and Policy Issues

Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms: Economic, Program, and Policy Issues

Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
OPEC Oil Production - Facts and Figures

OPEC Oil Production - Facts and Figures

Date: March 8, 2000
Creator: Kumins, Lawrence C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electricity Restructuring and the Constitutionality of Retail Reciprocity Requirements

Electricity Restructuring and the Constitutionality of Retail Reciprocity Requirements

Date: March 9, 2000
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O
Description: Retail reciprocity requirements have been included in the electricity restructuring legislation of at least four states. These requirements mandate generally that out-of-state utilities which operate in a state “closed” to retail competition cannot market power to retail consumers in the “open” state. Because state reciprocity requirements enacted without congressional authorization are probably unconstitutional under the Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution, Congress would have to include a reciprocity provision in federal electricity restructuring legislation if it wants to support the view that such a provision will increase competition. This report reviews the treatment of state reciprocity requirements by the U.S. Supreme Court and discusses Congress’ power under the Commerce Clause.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electronic Commerce: An Introduction

Electronic Commerce: An Introduction

Date: June 27, 2000
Creator: McLoughlin, Glenn J
Description: Electronic commercial transactions over the Internet, or “e-commerce,” have grown so fast over the last five years that many experts continue to underestimate its growth and development. Whether retail business-to-customer or business-to-business transactions, e-commerce shows no signs of slowing down. In turn, policymakers both in the United States and abroad are likely to face increasingly complex issues of security, privacy, taxation, infrastructure development and other issues in 2000 and beyond. This report will be updated periodically.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electricity Restructuring: Comparison of Comprehensive Bills

Electricity Restructuring: Comparison of Comprehensive Bills

Date: July 24, 2000
Creator: Parker, Larry & Abel, Amy
Description: Once considered the nation's most regulated industry, the electric utility industry is evolving into a more competitive environment. Currently, the focus of this development is the generating sector, where the advent of new generating technologies has lowered both entry barriers to competitors of traditional utilities and the marginal costs of those competitors below those of some traditional utilities. This technological advance has combined with legislative initiatives, such as the Energy Policy Act (EPACT), to encourage the introduction of competitive forces into the electric generating sector.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dairy Policy Issues

Dairy Policy Issues

Date: August 1, 2000
Creator: Chite, Ralph M
Description: Three major dairy policy issues captured the attention of the 106th Congress, and are expected to remain issues of concern to the 107th Congress-- federal financial assistance for dairy farmers; implementation by USDA of changes to federal farm milk pricing regulations; and regional debates over the market effects of dairy compacts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Retirement of the National Debt: Will It Increase the Economic Size of the Federal Government?

The Retirement of the National Debt: Will It Increase the Economic Size of the Federal Government?

Date: August 17, 2000
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Makinen, Gail
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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