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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Trade Reorganization: Overview and Issues for Congress

Trade Reorganization: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: June 6, 2013
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias
Description: Report that discusses: President Obama's trade reorganization proposal; the context of the trade reorganization debate; key issues that Congress may face related to the debate; potential policy options for Congress; and the outlook for trade reorganization.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Senior Executive Service: Background and Options for Reform

The Senior Executive Service: Background and Options for Reform

Date: September 6, 2012
Creator: Carey, Maeve P.
Description: Report that provides a history and background of the Senior Executive Service (SES), examines the central features of the SES, and discusses some areas in which advocates for SES reform have called for change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program

Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program

Date: November 14, 2012
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report discusses the Small Business Innovation Development Act (P.L. 97-219. The report also discusses the program's extensions and reauthorization activity over the years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stealing Trade Secrets and Economic Espionage: An Overview of 18 U.S.C. 1831 and 1832

Stealing Trade Secrets and Economic Espionage: An Overview of 18 U.S.C. 1831 and 1832

Date: August 28, 2012
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: Report that gives an overview of 18 U.S.C. 1832 (theft of trade secrets) and 18 U.S.C. 1831 (economic espionage). It also describes what constitutes as a stolen trade secret, and how such crimes are prosecuted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: June 18, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: Report that describes the open economy and society of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), as well as U.S. concern over proliferation of advanced technology due to said open economy and the UAE's lax export controls. This report describes these issues in relation to a recently-signed U.S.-UAE civilian nuclear agreement. It also provides a general description of the UAE's government and political structure, as well as the effects of the recent global economic downturn on the UAE in general and on the city of Dubai in particular.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Why Some Fuel-Efficient Vehicles Are Not Sold Domestically

Why Some Fuel-Efficient Vehicles Are Not Sold Domestically

Date: August 17, 2012
Creator: Canis, Bill
Description: Report that discusses reasons why some fuel-efficient vehicles are not sold in the U.S.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Outsourcing and Insourcing Jobs in the U.S. Economy: Evidence Based on Foreign Investment Data

Outsourcing and Insourcing Jobs in the U.S. Economy: Evidence Based on Foreign Investment Data

Date: June 21, 2013
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: Report that addresses the issue of jobs outsourcing by analyzing the extent of direct investment into and out of the economy, the role such investment plays in U.S. trade, jobs, and production, and the relationship between direct investment and the broader economic changes that are occurring in the U.S. economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: October 15, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase, an historical overview of debt limits, and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
GAO Bid Protests: Trends and Analysis

GAO Bid Protests: Trends and Analysis

Date: August 9, 2013
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.; Schwartz, Moshe & Martinez, Lucy P.
Description: This report provides an overview of the time frames and procedures in a Government Accountability Office (GAO) bid protest, including (1) what issues can be protested with GAO; (2) who can file or be a party to a GAO protest; (3) the procedures for bringing and resolving GAO protests; (4) the time frames involved in GAO protests; (5) the automatic stay of contract award or performance triggered by a GAO protest, as well as the basis for agency overrides of automatic stays and judicial review of agency override determinations; (6) the basis and effects of GAO decisions; and (7) reconsideration and "appeal" of GAO decisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration HUBZone Program

Small Business Administration HUBZone Program

Date: December 17, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report examines arguments both for and against targeting assistance to geographic areas with specified characteristics, such as low income, high poverty, or high unemployment, as opposed to providing assistance to people or businesses with specified characteristics. It then assesses the arguments both for and against the continuation of the HUBZone program
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Trade Secrets in Innovation Policy

The Role of Trade Secrets in Innovation Policy

Date: January 15, 2014
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: This report provides an overview of the law and policy of trade secrets. It discusses the role of trade secrets in six sections: Trade Secrets and Innovation Policy, An Overview of Trade Secret Law (Basic Principles, and Sources of Law), The Economic Espionage Act, Trade Secrets and Patents (Introduction to the Patent System, Trade Secrets and Patents Compared, and The Prior Commercial User Defense), Congressional Issues and Options, and Concluding Observations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Independence of Federal Financial Regulators

Independence of Federal Financial Regulators

Date: February 24, 2014
Creator: Hogue, Henry B.; Labonte, Marc & Webel, Baird
Description: This report discusses institutional features that make federal financial regulators (as well as other independent agencies) relatively independent from the President and Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Buy American Act in Brief: Preferences for "Domestic" Supplies and Construction Materials in Federal Procurements

The Buy American Act in Brief: Preferences for "Domestic" Supplies and Construction Materials in Federal Procurements

Date: February 26, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses the Buy American Act of 1933, which is the earliest and arguably the best known of various statutes regarding federal procurement of domestic products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration: A Primer on Programs and Funding

Small Business Administration: A Primer on Programs and Funding

Date: March 20, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Lowry, Sean
Description: This report provides an overview of the Small Business Administration (SBA) business loan guaranty programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
SBA Assistance to Small Business Startups: Client Experiences and Program Impact

SBA Assistance to Small Business Startups: Client Experiences and Program Impact

Date: February 26, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report examines small business startups' experiences with the Small Business Administration's (SBA's) management and technical assistance training programs, focusing on Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs), Women Business Centers (WBCs), and SCORE (Service Corps of Retired Executives); the 7(a), 504/CDC, and Microloan lending programs; and the Small Business Investment Company (SBIC) venture capital program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Adjustment Assistance for Farmers

Trade Adjustment Assistance for Farmers

Date: March 26, 2014
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: This report discusses the trade adjustment assistance (TAA) program for firms (TAAF). The TAAF program provides technical assistance to trade-affected firms to help them develop strategies and make other adjustments to remain competitive in the changing international economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Management and Technical Assistance Training Programs

Small Business Management and Technical Assistance Training Programs

Date: March 24, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report examines the historical development of federal small business management and technical assistance training programs; describes their current structures, operations, and budgets; and assesses their administration and oversight and the measures used to determine their effectiveness. It also discusses several bills introduced during the 111th and 112th Congresses that would have authorized changes to the SBA's management and technical assistance training programs in an effort to improve their performance and oversight.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Power to Regulate Commerce: Limits on Congressional Power

The Power to Regulate Commerce: Limits on Congressional Power

Date: May 16, 2014
Creator: Thomas, Kenneth R.
Description: This report discusses the Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution, which provides that the Congress shall have the power to regulate interstate and foreign commerce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Recently Expired Business Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders")

Selected Recently Expired Business Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders")

Date: April 30, 2014
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.; Marples, Donald J. & Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report briefly summarizes and discusses the economic impact of selected business-related tax provisions that expired at the end of 2013 and that are being considered for extension.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Management and Technical Assistance Training Programs

Small Business Management and Technical Assistance Training Programs

Date: March 24, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report examines small business startups' experiences with the Small Business Administration's (SBA's) management and technical assistance training programs -- focusing on Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs), Women Business Centers (WBCs), and SCORE (Service Corps of Retired Executives) -- the 7(a), 504/CDC, and Microloan lending programs; and the Small Business Investment Company (SBIC) venture capital program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration Trade and Export Promotion Programs

Small Business Administration Trade and Export Promotion Programs

Date: April 2, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report begins with the history, role, and scope of SBA's export promotion activities, and the creation of OIT. Next, quantitative data from SBA and qualitative data from other sources are used to provide performance analysis of SBA's international programs. This report concludes with a presentation of three issues for consideration during an era where concerns of fiscal responsibility and economic recovery are high priorities for many policy makers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Size Standards: A Historical Analysis of Contemporary Issues

Small Business Size Standards: A Historical Analysis of Contemporary Issues

Date: December 6, 2012
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: This report provides a historical examination of the SBA's size standards, assesses competing views concerning how to define a small business, and discusses how the Small Business Jobs Act of 2010 might affect program eligibility. It also discusses H.R. 585, the Small Business Size Standard Flexibility Act of 2011, which would authorize the SBA's Office of Chief Counsel for Advocacy to approve or disapprove a size standard proposed by a federal agency if it deviates from the SBA's size standards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Size Standards: A Historical Analysis of Contemporary Issues

Small Business Size Standards: A Historical Analysis of Contemporary Issues

Date: January 3, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: This report provides a historical examination of the Small Business Administration's SBA size standards, and assesses competing views concerning how to define a small business. It also discusses H.R. 585, the Small Business Size Standard Flexibility Act of 2011, which would have authorized the SBA's Office of Chief Counsel for Advocacy to approve or disapprove a size standard proposed by a federal agency if it deviates from the SBA's size standards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Corporate Tax Rate Comparisons and Policy Implications

International Corporate Tax Rate Comparisons and Policy Implications

Date: January 6, 2014
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report focuses on the global issues relating to tax rate differentials between the United States and other countries. It provides tax rate comparisons; discusses policy implications, including the effect of a corporate rate cut on revenue, output, and national welfare; and discusses the outlook for and consequences of a revenue neutral corporate tax reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department