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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Distribution of Small Business Ownership and Income by Individual Tax Rates and Selected Policy Issues

Distribution of Small Business Ownership and Income by Individual Tax Rates and Selected Policy Issues

Date: February 26, 2010
Creator: Guenther, Gary
Description: This report examines how small business owners may be affected by tax increases by exploring what is known about the share of small business owners and of small business income that is subject to the top two marginal income tax rates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Global Economic Crisis: Impact on Sub-Saharan Africa and Global Policy Responses

The Global Economic Crisis: Impact on Sub-Saharan Africa and Global Policy Responses

Date: April 6, 2010
Creator: Arieff, Alexis; Weiss, Martin A. & Jones, Vivian C.
Description: This report analyzes Africa's vulnerability to the global crisis and potential implications for economic growth, poverty alleviation, fiscal balances, and political stability. The report describes channels through which the crisis is affecting Africa, and provides information on international efforts to address the impact, including U.S. policies and those of multilateral institutions in which the United States plays a major role.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Date: September 13, 2012
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report describes the history of temporary federal extensions to unemployment benefits from 1980 to the present. It has five sections which discuss: [1] background information on unemployment compensation (UC) benefits, [2] a definition of a recession and the process of declaring a recession, [3] a summary of the legislative history of federal extensions of unemployment benefits, [4] figures examining the statistics of recessions, and [5] previous methods for financing temporary recession programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Rulemaking Process: An Overview

The Federal Rulemaking Process: An Overview

Date: June 17, 2013
Creator: Carey, Maeve P.
Description: The purpose of this report is to provide Congress with an overview of the federal rulemaking process and a brief discussion of the major laws and executive orders that prescribe the procedures agencies are to apply when promulgating regulations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Corporate Tax Rate Comparisons and Policy Implications

International Corporate Tax Rate Comparisons and Policy Implications

Date: March 31, 2011
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report focuses on the global issues relating to tax rate differentials between the United States and other countries. It provides tax rate comparisons; discusses policy implications, including the effect of a corporate rate cut on revenue, output, and national welfare; and discusses the outlook for and consequences of a revenue neutral corporate tax reform.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy

Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy

Date: March 13, 2012
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: There is ongoing interest in the pace of U.S. technological advancement due to its influence on U.S. economic growth, productivity, and international competitiveness. Because technology can contribute to economic growth and productivity increases, congressional attention has focused on how to augment private-sector technological development. This report covers legislative activity in the past and present on this topic. It also looks at the future of Congressional action towards mandated specific technology development. As the Congress develops its appropriation priorities, the manner by which the government encourages technological progress in the private sector again may be explored and/or redefined.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy

Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy

Date: December 3, 2012
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: Report that covers legislative activity in the past and present regarding private-sector technological development. It also looks at the future of Congressional action towards mandated specific technology development.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan’s 2011 Earthquake and Tsunami: Economic Effects and Implications for the United States

Japan’s 2011 Earthquake and Tsunami: Economic Effects and Implications for the United States

Date: March 25, 2011
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.; Cooper, William H. & Donnelly, J. Michael
Description: This report presents data regarding the persons killed, missing, and buildings totally or partially damaged after the disaster in Japan. The report discusses the economic impact the disaster had on Japan and the impact on U.S. imports from and exports to Japan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
GAO Bid Protests: An Overview of Time Frames and Procedures

GAO Bid Protests: An Overview of Time Frames and Procedures

Date: June 30, 2011
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report provides an overview of the time frames and procedures in a Government Accountability Office (GAO) bid protest, including (1) what issues can be protested with GAO; (2) who can file or be a party to a GAO protest; (3) the procedures for bringing and resolving GAO protests; (4) the time frames involved in GAO protests; (5) the automatic stay of contract award or performance triggered by a GAO protest, as well as the basis for agency overrides of automatic stays and judicial review of agency override determinations; (6) the basis and effects of GAO decisions; and (7) reconsideration and “appeal” of GAO decisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
GAO Bid Protests: An Overview of Timeframes and Procedures

GAO Bid Protests: An Overview of Timeframes and Procedures

Date: March 15, 2011
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report is one of two providing Congress with background on the Government Accountability Office (GAO) bid-protest process. It provides an overview of the timeframes and procedures in a GAO bid protest, including several issues enumerated in the report's introduction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Authorities Governing Federal Contracting and Subcontracting with Small Businesses

Legal Authorities Governing Federal Contracting and Subcontracting with Small Businesses

Date: March 7, 2012
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Lunder, Erika K.
Description: Congress has generally broad authority to impose requirements upon the federal procurement process, or the process whereby agencies obtain goods and services from the private sector. One of the many ways in which Congress has exercised this authority is by enacting measures intended to promote contracting and subcontracting with "small businesses" by federal agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Long-Term Unemployment and Recessions

Long-Term Unemployment and Recessions

Date: November 22, 2010
Creator: Mayer, Gerald & Levine, Linda
Description: This report discusses the recession that began in the United States in December 2007 and officially ended in June 2009 and how this recession affected employment rates. This report analyzes the trend in long-term unemployment over the postwar period and offers explanations for its unusually high incidence during the most recent postwar recession. It compares the individual, job, and household characteristics of the long-term unemployed during the latest recession (2007-2009) with the long-term unemployed at the end of the two previous recessions (1990-1991 and 2001).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program: An Overview

Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program: An Overview

Date: October 3, 2012
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of The Hollings Manufacturing Partnership (MEP), which is a program of regional centers set up to assist small and medium-sized manufacturing companies use knowledge and technologies developed under the auspices of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Brief Overview of Business Types and Their Tax Treatment

A Brief Overview of Business Types and Their Tax Treatment

Date: June 12, 2013
Creator: Keightley Mark P.
Description: Report that provides a general overview of the tax treatment of the major business types, including sole proprietorships, partnerships, C corporations, subchapter S corporations, and limited liability companies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Challenge to the Boeing-Airbus Duopoly in Civil Aircraft: Issues for Competitiveness

Challenge to the Boeing-Airbus Duopoly in Civil Aircraft: Issues for Competitiveness

Date: July 25, 2011
Creator: Harrison, Glennon J.
Description: This report covers a major issue for policymakers: whether the United States can sustain its preeminent position in aerospace, given the intentions of numerous foreign manufacturers to enter the small commercial jet aircraft segment by 2016.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Recovery: Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth in a Post-Crisis Economy

Economic Recovery: Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth in a Post-Crisis Economy

Date: May 17, 2012
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Description: A look at how Congress' has been proactive in helping the economy recover after the 2008-2009 recession, as well as how it can help to keep recessions at bay in the future. Issues regards to this are typical post-war recessions, insufficient pace of private spending, and long-term debt problem.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Recovery: Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth in a Post-Crisis Economy

Economic Recovery: Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth in a Post-Crisis Economy

Date: November 29, 2012
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Description: Report examining how Congress has been proactive in helping the economy recover after the 2008-2009 recession, as well as how it can help to keep recessions at bay in the future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Recovery: Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth in a Post-Crisis Economy

Economic Recovery: Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth in a Post-Crisis Economy

Date: October 12, 2012
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Description: Report examining how Congress has been proactive in helping the economy recover after the 2008-2009 recession, as well as how it can help to keep recessions at bay in the future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Recovery: Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth in a Post-Crisis Economy

Economic Recovery: Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth in a Post-Crisis Economy

Date: December 2, 2010
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Description: This report looks at how Congress has been proactive in helping the economy recover after the 2008-2009 recession, as well as how it can help to keep recessions at bay in the future. Issues include typical post-war recessions, insufficient pace of private spending, and the long-term debt problem.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
“Amazon” Laws and Taxation of Internet Sales: Constitutional Analysis

“Amazon” Laws and Taxation of Internet Sales: Constitutional Analysis

Date: July 26, 2012
Creator: Lunder, Erika K. & Luckey, John R.
Description: This report covers ways in which states are attempting to capture taxes on Internet sales. Two basic approaches include imposing tax collection responsibilities on the retailer, and requiring remote sellers to provide tax information to the state and/or it's customers. This report covers the legality of both options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Land Ownership: Acquisition and Disposal Authorities

Federal Land Ownership: Acquisition and Disposal Authorities

Date: May 19, 2015
Creator: Vincent, Carol H.; Corn, M. L.; Comay, Laura B. & Hoover, Katie
Description: This report describes the primary authorities of the following agencies for acquiring and disposing of federal land. These four federal agencies--the National Park Service (NPS), U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), and Bureau of Land Management (BLM), all in the Department of the Interior (DOI), and the U.S. Forest Service (FS) in the Department of Agriculture--administer about 95% of those lands.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms: Economic, Program, and Policy Issues

Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms: Economic, Program, and Policy Issues

Date: August 19, 2011
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: As global economic competition heightens, many firms and workers face difficult adjustment problems. Congress has responded to these adjustment costs by authorizing four trade adjustment assistance (TAA) programs to assist trade-impacted workers, firms, farmers, and communities. This report discusses the TAA program for firms (TAAF). The TAAF program provides technical assistance to trade-affected firms to help them develop strategies and make other adjustments to remain competitive in the changing international economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms: Economic, Program, and Policy Issues

Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms: Economic, Program, and Policy Issues

Date: February 14, 2011
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: As global economic competition heightens, many firms and workers face difficult adjustment problems. Congress has responded to these adjustment costs by authorizing four trade adjustment assistance (TAA) programs to assist trade-impacted workers, firms, farmers, and communities. This report discusses the TAA program for firms (TAAF). The TAAF program provides technical assistance to trade-affected firms to help them develop strategies and make other adjustments to remain competitive in the changing international economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) and Its Role in U.S. Trade Policy

Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) and Its Role in U.S. Trade Policy

Date: July 19, 2011
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F. & Rover, Laine Elise
Description: This report looks at the background of Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) in the Trade Expansion Act of 1962, which was created by Congress. It then discusses how the 112th Congress is considering legislative action to extend the TAA - including two issues: how necessary or appropriate the extension is, and whether or not three proposed bills should be voted upon separately.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department