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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Year: 2014
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Small Business Management and Technical Assistance Training Programs

Small Business Management and Technical Assistance Training Programs

Date: March 24, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report examines the historical development of federal small business management and technical assistance training programs; describes their current structures, operations, and budgets; and assesses their administration and oversight and the measures used to determine their effectiveness. It also discusses several bills introduced during the 111th and 112th Congresses that would have authorized changes to the SBA's management and technical assistance training programs in an effort to improve their performance and oversight.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
SBA Assistance to Small Business Startups: Client Experiences and Program Impact

SBA Assistance to Small Business Startups: Client Experiences and Program Impact

Date: February 26, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report examines small business startups' experiences with the Small Business Administration's (SBA's) management and technical assistance training programs, focusing on Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs), Women Business Centers (WBCs), and SCORE (Service Corps of Retired Executives); the 7(a), 504/CDC, and Microloan lending programs; and the Small Business Investment Company (SBIC) venture capital program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Management and Technical Assistance Training Programs

Small Business Management and Technical Assistance Training Programs

Date: March 24, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report examines small business startups' experiences with the Small Business Administration's (SBA's) management and technical assistance training programs -- focusing on Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs), Women Business Centers (WBCs), and SCORE (Service Corps of Retired Executives) -- the 7(a), 504/CDC, and Microloan lending programs; and the Small Business Investment Company (SBIC) venture capital program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Size Standards: A Historical Analysis of Contemporary Issues

Small Business Size Standards: A Historical Analysis of Contemporary Issues

Date: January 3, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: This report provides a historical examination of the Small Business Administration's SBA size standards, and assesses competing views concerning how to define a small business. It also discusses H.R. 585, the Small Business Size Standard Flexibility Act of 2011, which would have authorized the SBA's Office of Chief Counsel for Advocacy to approve or disapprove a size standard proposed by a federal agency if it deviates from the SBA's size standards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration Trade and Export Promotion Programs

Small Business Administration Trade and Export Promotion Programs

Date: April 2, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report begins with the history, role, and scope of SBA's export promotion activities, and the creation of OIT. Next, quantitative data from SBA and qualitative data from other sources are used to provide performance analysis of SBA's international programs. This report concludes with a presentation of three issues for consideration during an era where concerns of fiscal responsibility and economic recovery are high priorities for many policy makers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Trade Secrets in Innovation Policy

The Role of Trade Secrets in Innovation Policy

Date: January 15, 2014
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: This report provides an overview of the law and policy of trade secrets. It discusses the role of trade secrets in six sections: Trade Secrets and Innovation Policy, An Overview of Trade Secret Law (Basic Principles, and Sources of Law), The Economic Espionage Act, Trade Secrets and Patents (Introduction to the Patent System, Trade Secrets and Patents Compared, and The Prior Commercial User Defense), Congressional Issues and Options, and Concluding Observations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Corporate Income Tax System: Overview and Options for Reform

The Corporate Income Tax System: Overview and Options for Reform

Date: December 1, 2014
Creator: Keightley, Mark P. & Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report presents information and research on the corporate tax to help policy makers understand and evaluate arguments presented in the tax reform debate. This report first reviews the structure of the corporate income tax. Data on which companies pay the corporate tax, corporate tax revenue, and how the U.S. system compares to the rest of the world are then presented and analyzed. Next, the economic effects of the corporate tax are reviewed--including a discussion of the purpose of the corporate tax, who bears the burden of the tax, and how to evaluate alternative corporate tax systems. The report then reviews broad reform options and concludes with a comparison of specific proposals that have been offered.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Recently Expired Business Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders")

Selected Recently Expired Business Tax Provisions ("Tax Extenders")

Date: April 30, 2014
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.; Marples, Donald J. & Sherlock, Molly F.
Description: This report briefly summarizes and discusses the economic impact of selected business-related tax provisions that expired at the end of 2013 and that are being considered for extension.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Protections for Subcontractors on Federal Prime Contracts

Legal Protections for Subcontractors on Federal Prime Contracts

Date: January 27, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report provides an overview of the payment and other protections for subcontractors on certain federal prime contracts under the Miller Act, the 1988 amendments to the Prompt Payment Act, and the Small Business Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Small Business Credit Initiative: Implementation and Funding Issues

State Small Business Credit Initiative: Implementation and Funding Issues

Date: October 16, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report examines the State Small Business Credit Initiative (SSBCI) and its implementation, including Treasury's response to initial program audits conducted by the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) and Treasury's Office of Inspector General (OIG). The SSBCI provides funding, allocated by formula and distributed in one-third increments, to states, territories, and eligible municipalities (hereinafter referred to as states) to expand existing or create new state small business investment programs, including state capital access programs, collateral support programs, loan participation programs, loan guarantee programs, and venture capital programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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