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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Year: 2013
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Codes of Conduct for Multinational Corporations: An Overview

Codes of Conduct for Multinational Corporations: An Overview

Date: April 16, 2013
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report examines corporate social responsibility (CSR) on the part of multinational corporations in the globalized economy. The report discusses the U.S. government's role through regulation, as well as industry-specific codes of conduct.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration and Job Creation

Small Business Administration and Job Creation

Date: January 30, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: The Small Business Administration (SBA) administers several programs to support small businesses, including loan guaranty programs; disaster loan programs; management and technical assistance training programs; and federal contracting programs. Congressional interest in these programs has increased in recent years, primarily because they are viewed as a means to stimulate economic activity, create jobs, and assist in the national economic recovery. This report examines the economic research on net job creation to identify the types of businesses that appear to create the most jobs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Hollowing Out" in U.S. Manufacturing: Analysis and Issues for Congress

"Hollowing Out" in U.S. Manufacturing: Analysis and Issues for Congress

Date: April 15, 2013
Creator: Levinson, Marc
Description: Statistics showing that domestic value added represents a diminishing share of the value of U.S. factory output have been interpreted by many analysts as indicating that manufacturing is "hollowing out" as U.S. manufacturers undertake more highvalue work abroad. Economic data have been slow to take note of this development, which raises the question of whether the United States will continue to generate highly skilled, high-wage jobs related to advanced manufacturing. This report discusses economic evidence related to the "hollowing out" thesis with respect to the manufacturing sector. It then considers the policy implications of the debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS): Manufacturing Trends

Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS): Manufacturing Trends

Date: January 30, 2013
Creator: Harrison, Glennon J.
Description: Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) represent a bright spot for the technology-intensive aerospace manufacturing sector, but military and civil government agencies will likely be the predominant customers for an extended period while such systems are integrated into the U.S. National Airspace System ("national airspace"). This report discusses the market for UAS in 2013 and briefly discusses UAS manufacturers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Local Food Systems in U.S. Farm Policy

The Role of Local Food Systems in U.S. Farm Policy

Date: March 12, 2013
Creator: Johnson, Renée; Aussenberg, Randy A. & Cowan, Tadlock
Description: This report looks at the growing popularity of locally produced foods, and how that popularity and regional/local food systems are affected by the reauthorization of the 2008 farm bill.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stealing Trade Secrets and Economic Espionage: An Overview of 18 U.S.C. 1831 and 1832

Stealing Trade Secrets and Economic Espionage: An Overview of 18 U.S.C. 1831 and 1832

Date: January 28, 2013
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report gives an overview of two federal crimes: theft of trade secrets and economic espionage. The report explains both types of offenses and their consequences.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Reorganization: Overview and Issues for Congress

Trade Reorganization: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: June 6, 2013
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias
Description: Report that discusses: President Obama's trade reorganization proposal; the context of the trade reorganization debate; key issues that Congress may face related to the debate; potential policy options for Congress; and the outlook for trade reorganization.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
GAO Bid Protests: Trends and Analysis

GAO Bid Protests: Trends and Analysis

Date: August 9, 2013
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.; Schwartz, Moshe & Martinez, Lucy P.
Description: This report provides an overview of the time frames and procedures in a Government Accountability Office (GAO) bid protest, including (1) what issues can be protested with GAO; (2) who can file or be a party to a GAO protest; (3) the procedures for bringing and resolving GAO protests; (4) the time frames involved in GAO protests; (5) the automatic stay of contract award or performance triggered by a GAO protest, as well as the basis for agency overrides of automatic stays and judicial review of agency override determinations; (6) the basis and effects of GAO decisions; and (7) reconsideration and "appeal" of GAO decisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms: Economic, Program, and Policy Issues

Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms: Economic, Program, and Policy Issues

Date: January 28, 2013
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report discusses the Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms (TAAF) program, which provides technical assistance to trade affected firms to help them develop strategies to remain competitive in a dynamic international economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Amazon Laws" and Taxation of Internet Sales: Constitutional Analysis

"Amazon Laws" and Taxation of Internet Sales: Constitutional Analysis

Date: April 3, 2013
Creator: Lunder, Erika K. & Pettit, Carol A.
Description: This report focuses on the ways in which the states' efforts to impose requirements on out-of-state retailers are limited by the Constitution. The report discusses recent state legislation as well as legislation introduced in the two most recent Congresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Rulemaking Process: An Overview

The Federal Rulemaking Process: An Overview

Date: June 17, 2013
Creator: Carey, Maeve P.
Description: The purpose of this report is to provide Congress with an overview of the federal rulemaking process and a brief discussion of the major laws and executive orders that prescribe the procedures agencies are to apply when promulgating regulations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Brief Overview of Business Types and Their Tax Treatment

A Brief Overview of Business Types and Their Tax Treatment

Date: June 12, 2013
Creator: Keightley Mark P.
Description: Report that provides a general overview of the tax treatment of the major business types, including sole proprietorships, partnerships, C corporations, subchapter S corporations, and limited liability companies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Recovery: Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth in a Post-Crisis Economy

Economic Recovery: Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth in a Post-Crisis Economy

Date: April 18, 2013
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Description: The 2007-2009 recession was long and deep, and according to several indicators was the most severe economic contraction since the 1930s (but still much less severe than the Great Depression). This report examines the state of the economy in light of the recession.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration HUBZone Program

Small Business Administration HUBZone Program

Date: December 17, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report examines arguments both for and against targeting assistance to geographic areas with specified characteristics, such as low income, high poverty, or high unemployment, as opposed to providing assistance to people or businesses with specified characteristics. It then assesses the arguments both for and against the continuation of the HUBZone program
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program: An Overview

Manufacturing Extension Partnership Program: An Overview

Date: June 19, 2013
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: Report that provides a brief overview of The Hollings Manufacturing Partnership (MEP), a program of regional centers set up to assist small and medium-sized manufacturing companies using knowledge and technologies developed under the auspices of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: May 22, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase, an historical overview of debt limits, and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: January 10, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report gives an historical overview of debt limits, discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: February 7, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report gives an historical overview of debt limits, discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: September 25, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase, an historical overview of debt limits, and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: August 27, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase, provides an historical overview of debt limits, and explains how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, also discusses the legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: October 15, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase, an historical overview of debt limits, and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: June 18, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: Report that describes the open economy and society of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), as well as U.S. concern over proliferation of advanced technology due to said open economy and the UAE's lax export controls. This report describes these issues in relation to a recently-signed U.S.-UAE civilian nuclear agreement. It also provides a general description of the UAE's government and political structure, as well as the effects of the recent global economic downturn on the UAE in general and on the city of Dubai in particular.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Outsourcing and Insourcing Jobs in the U.S. Economy: Evidence Based on Foreign Investment Data

Outsourcing and Insourcing Jobs in the U.S. Economy: Evidence Based on Foreign Investment Data

Date: June 21, 2013
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: Report that addresses the issue of jobs outsourcing by analyzing the extent of direct investment into and out of the economy, the role such investment plays in U.S. trade, jobs, and production, and the relationship between direct investment and the broader economic changes that are occurring in the U.S. economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department