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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Small Business Management and Technical Assistance Training Programs

Small Business Management and Technical Assistance Training Programs

Date: March 24, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report examines the historical development of federal small business management and technical assistance training programs; describes their current structures, operations, and budgets; and assesses their administration and oversight and the measures used to determine their effectiveness. It also discusses several bills introduced during the 111th and 112th Congresses that would have authorized changes to the SBA's management and technical assistance training programs in an effort to improve their performance and oversight.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
SBA Assistance to Small Business Startups: Client Experiences and Program Impact

SBA Assistance to Small Business Startups: Client Experiences and Program Impact

Date: February 26, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report examines small business startups' experiences with the Small Business Administration's (SBA's) management and technical assistance training programs, focusing on Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs), Women Business Centers (WBCs), and SCORE (Service Corps of Retired Executives); the 7(a), 504/CDC, and Microloan lending programs; and the Small Business Investment Company (SBIC) venture capital program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Management and Technical Assistance Training Programs

Small Business Management and Technical Assistance Training Programs

Date: March 24, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report examines small business startups' experiences with the Small Business Administration's (SBA's) management and technical assistance training programs -- focusing on Small Business Development Centers (SBDCs), Women Business Centers (WBCs), and SCORE (Service Corps of Retired Executives) -- the 7(a), 504/CDC, and Microloan lending programs; and the Small Business Investment Company (SBIC) venture capital program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Size Standards: A Historical Analysis of Contemporary Issues

Small Business Size Standards: A Historical Analysis of Contemporary Issues

Date: December 6, 2012
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: This report provides a historical examination of the SBA's size standards, assesses competing views concerning how to define a small business, and discusses how the Small Business Jobs Act of 2010 might affect program eligibility. It also discusses H.R. 585, the Small Business Size Standard Flexibility Act of 2011, which would authorize the SBA's Office of Chief Counsel for Advocacy to approve or disapprove a size standard proposed by a federal agency if it deviates from the SBA's size standards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Size Standards: A Historical Analysis of Contemporary Issues

Small Business Size Standards: A Historical Analysis of Contemporary Issues

Date: January 3, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: This report provides a historical examination of the Small Business Administration's SBA size standards, and assesses competing views concerning how to define a small business. It also discusses H.R. 585, the Small Business Size Standard Flexibility Act of 2011, which would have authorized the SBA's Office of Chief Counsel for Advocacy to approve or disapprove a size standard proposed by a federal agency if it deviates from the SBA's size standards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Disadvantaged" Small Businesses: Definitions and Designations for Purposes of Federal and Federally Funded Contracting Programs

"Disadvantaged" Small Businesses: Definitions and Designations for Purposes of Federal and Federally Funded Contracting Programs

Date: January 3, 2011
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses what constitutes a "disadvantaged" small business for purposes of federal and federally funded contracting programs and how firms are certified or otherwise designated as such.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Size Standards: A Historical Analysis of Contemporary Issues

Small Business Size Standards: A Historical Analysis of Contemporary Issues

Date: October 4, 2012
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report provides a historical examination of the Small Business Administration's (SBA) size standards, assesses competing views concerning how to define a small business, and discusses how various proposals to change the SBA's size standards -- including those adopted under the Small Business Jobs Act of 2010 -- might affect program eligibility. It also discusses H.R. 585, the Small Business Size Standard Flexibility Act of 2011, which would authorize the SBA's Office of Chief Counsel for Advocacy to approve or disapprove a size standard proposed by a federal agency if it deviates from the SBA's size standards.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
SEC Climate Change Disclosure Guidance: An Overview and Congressional Concerns

SEC Climate Change Disclosure Guidance: An Overview and Congressional Concerns

Date: May 24, 2012
Creator: Shorter, Gary
Description: Issues regarding the Congressional appeal of the January 27, 2010 SEC-published 'Commission Guidance Regarding Disclosure Related to Climate Change', which clarifies how publicly traded corporations should apply existing SEC disclosure rules to certain mandatory financial filings with the SEC regarding the risk that climate change developments may have on their businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Legislation: Sources of Information

Small Business Legislation: Sources of Information

Date: February 22, 2001
Creator: Mulock, Bruce K.
Description: This report seeks to respond to inquiries from congressional staff who request information about major legislation affecting small business.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Net Operating Losses: Proposed Extension of Carryback Period

Net Operating Losses: Proposed Extension of Carryback Period

Date: November 13, 2009
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.
Description: This report explains the current law regarding the tax treatment of net operating losses (NOLs). In addition, this report highlights a number of policy considerations relating to the extension of the NOL carryback period.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Contract “Bundling” Under the Small Business Act: Existing Law and Proposed Amendments

Contract “Bundling” Under the Small Business Act: Existing Law and Proposed Amendments

Date: June 11, 2012
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses regulations from Congress on bundling, which refers to the consolidation of two or more requirements for goods or services previously provided or performed under separate smaller contracts into a solicitation for a single contract that is likely to be unsuitable for award to a small business because of its size or scope. It particularly looks at the Small Business Act and new legislation by the 112th Congress to expand the definition of bundling, strengthen the authority of the Administrator of Small Business, and requirements for reporting bundled procurements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Codes of Conduct for Multinational Corporations: An Overview

Codes of Conduct for Multinational Corporations: An Overview

Date: February 14, 2011
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: The U.S. economy has grown increasingly interconnected with other economies around the world, a phenomenon often referred to as globalization. Over the past 20 years, multinational corporations and nations have adopted voluntary, legally enforceable, and industry-specific codes of conduct to address concerns over the economic, social, and political impact of this phenomenon. Congress will continue to play a pivotal role in addressing the large number of issues regarding internationally applied corporate codes of conduct that remain to be negotiated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program

Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program

Date: November 14, 2012
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report discusses the Small Business Innovation Development Act (P.L. 97-219. The report also discusses the program's extensions and reauthorization activity over the years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Tax Relief: Proposals in the 108th Congress and Their Economic Justification

Small Business Tax Relief: Proposals in the 108th Congress and Their Economic Justification

Date: May 9, 2003
Creator: Guenther, Gary
Description: This report examines the economic arguments for and against small business tax subsidies in the context of current congressional proposals to expand them. It begins with a brief description of current federal tax subsidies for small firms, moves on to consider the principal economic arguments for and against these subsidies, and concludes with a discussion of proposals in the 108th Congress to expand small business tax subsidies and their likely economic effects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Codes of Conduct for Multinational Corporations: An Overview

Codes of Conduct for Multinational Corporations: An Overview

Date: April 16, 2013
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report examines corporate social responsibility (CSR) on the part of multinational corporations in the globalized economy. The report discusses the U.S. government's role through regulation, as well as industry-specific codes of conduct.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The "8(a) Program" for Small Businesses Owned and Controlled by the Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: Legal Requirements and Issues

The "8(a) Program" for Small Businesses Owned and Controlled by the Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: Legal Requirements and Issues

Date: October 12, 2012
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Luckey, John R.
Description: This report provides a brief history of the 8(a) Program, summarizes key requirements, and discusses legal challenges alleging that the program's presumption that members of certain racial and ethnic groups are socially disadvantaged violates the constitutional guarantee of equal protection.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Small Business Provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

Date: February 25, 2009
Creator: Weiss, N. E. & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Description: This report provides an overview of key provisions related to the Small Business Administration (SBA), based on appropriations in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA, P.L. 111-5).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Small Business Statistics

Selected Small Business Statistics

Date: July 3, 2007
Creator: Weiss, N. E.
Description: This report gathers selected statistics on the role of small businesses in the national economy that Congress has frequently asked the Congressional Research Service (CRS) to provide. Most of the statistics are calculated by CRS from Census data. The report uses the widely accepted research definition that a small business has fewer than 500 employees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration and Job Creation

Small Business Administration and Job Creation

Date: January 29, 2015
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: The Small Business Administration (SBA) administers several programs to support small businesses, including loan guaranty programs, disaster loan programs, management and technical assistance training programs, and federal contracting programs. Congressional interest in these programs has increased in recent years, primarily because they are viewed as a means to stimulate economic activity, create jobs, and assist in the national economic recovery. This report examines the economic research on net job creation to identify the types of businesses that appear to create the most jobs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration and Job Creation

Small Business Administration and Job Creation

Date: January 30, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: The Small Business Administration (SBA) administers several programs to support small businesses, including loan guaranty programs; disaster loan programs; management and technical assistance training programs; and federal contracting programs. Congressional interest in these programs has increased in recent years, primarily because they are viewed as a means to stimulate economic activity, create jobs, and assist in the national economic recovery. This report examines the economic research on net job creation to identify the types of businesses that appear to create the most jobs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration Trade and Export Promotion Programs

Small Business Administration Trade and Export Promotion Programs

Date: April 2, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report begins with the history, role, and scope of SBA's export promotion activities, and the creation of OIT. Next, quantitative data from SBA and qualitative data from other sources are used to provide performance analysis of SBA's international programs. This report concludes with a presentation of three issues for consideration during an era where concerns of fiscal responsibility and economic recovery are high priorities for many policy makers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration Trade and Export Promotion Programs

Small Business Administration Trade and Export Promotion Programs

Date: February 3, 2015
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Description: This report begins with the history, role, and scope of the Small Business Administration's (SBA's) export promotion activities, and the creation of the Office of International Trade (OIT). Next, quantitative data from SBA and qualitative data from other sources are used to provide performance analysis of SBA's international programs. This report concludes with a presentation of three issues for consideration during an era where concerns of fiscal responsibility and economic recovery are high priorities for many policy makers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stealing Trade Secrets and Economic Espionage: An Overview of 18 U.S.C. 1831 and 1832

Stealing Trade Secrets and Economic Espionage: An Overview of 18 U.S.C. 1831 and 1832

Date: August 28, 2012
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: Report that gives an overview of 18 U.S.C. 1832 (theft of trade secrets) and 18 U.S.C. 1831 (economic espionage). It also describes what constitutes as a stolen trade secret, and how such crimes are prosecuted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Role of Trade Secrets in Innovation Policy

The Role of Trade Secrets in Innovation Policy

Date: January 15, 2014
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: This report provides an overview of the law and policy of trade secrets. It discusses the role of trade secrets in six sections: Trade Secrets and Innovation Policy, An Overview of Trade Secret Law (Basic Principles, and Sources of Law), The Economic Espionage Act, Trade Secrets and Patents (Introduction to the Patent System, Trade Secrets and Patents Compared, and The Prior Commercial User Defense), Congressional Issues and Options, and Concluding Observations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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