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 Resource Type: Report
 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Small Business Innovation Research Program

Small Business Innovation Research Program

Date: September 27, 1999
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Work Opportunity Tax Credit: A Fact Sheet

The Work Opportunity Tax Credit: A Fact Sheet

Date: April 2, 1998
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: The 104th Congress replaced the Targeted Jobs Tax Credit (TJTC, 1978-1994) with the Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC) in section 1201 of the Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-188). This document provides basic facts about the WOTC.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Industry in Transition: Issues and Options for Congress

Defense Industry in Transition: Issues and Options for Congress

Date: January 9, 1997
Creator: Grasso, Valerie Bailey
Description: The U.S. government and the defense industry continued to adjust to the post-Cold War era. Complicating the transition was the restructuring of the U.S. and other industrialized economies, and questions concerning the future direction of U.S. defense policy. The 104th Congress grappled with how to ensure that the U.S. retained a smaller, but capable, defense industry.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration: Overview and Issues

Small Business Administration: Overview and Issues

Date: March 10, 1998
Creator: Mulock, Bruce K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Tobacco Settlement: An Overview

The Tobacco Settlement: An Overview

Date: July 31, 1997
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Tobacco Settlement: Issues

The Tobacco Settlement: Issues

Date: October 16, 1998
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement (1998): Overview, Implementation by States, and Congressional Issues

Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement (1998): Overview, Implementation by States, and Congressional Issues

Date: November 5, 1999
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Proposed Tobacco Settlement: Effects on Prices, Smoking Behavior, and Income Distribution

The Proposed Tobacco Settlement: Effects on Prices, Smoking Behavior, and Income Distribution

Date: May 5, 1998
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Proposed Tobacco Settlement: Who Pays for the Health Costs of Smoking?

The Proposed Tobacco Settlement: Who Pays for the Health Costs of Smoking?

Date: April 30, 1998
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monopoly and Monopolization - Fundamental But Separate Concepts in U.S. Antitrust Law

Monopoly and Monopolization - Fundamental But Separate Concepts in U.S. Antitrust Law

Date: June 28, 1999
Creator: Rubin, Janice E
Description: This report illustrates the difference between the concepts of “monopoly” and “monopolization” by touching on the monopoly/monopolization thinking in the Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice (DoJ) and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), as illustrated in (1) statements on merger enforcement made by recent antitrust enforcement officials (generally indicative of the agencies’ concerns about competitive conditions and the effect of various market transactions), (2) the 1992 Horizontal Merger Guidelines 2 and (3) some observations on the Government actions against the Microsoft and Intel Corporations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legal Analysis of the 10% Disadvantaged Small Business Set-Aside Provisions of H.R. 2400, the "Building Efficient Surface Transportation and Equity Act of 1997"

Legal Analysis of the 10% Disadvantaged Small Business Set-Aside Provisions of H.R. 2400, the "Building Efficient Surface Transportation and Equity Act of 1997"

Date: March 25, 1998
Creator: Dale, Charles V
Description: This report discusses the vote on H.R. 2400, the "Building Efficient Surface Transportation and Equity Act of 1997"(BESTEA), an omnibus bill to fund surface transportation into the next century.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cattle Prices: Questions and Answers

Cattle Prices: Questions and Answers

Date: November 14, 1996
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S
Description: After 7 years of relatively high returns, cattle producers by 1994 were experiencing steeply falling prices--mainly caused by abundant supplies of cattle destined for U.S. feedlots. Record-high grain prices and dry pastures amplified the problem. Because of the lengthy biological cycle governing cattle production, large numbers will be coming onto the market for some time, as producers undertake the slow process of curtailing herd expansion.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ideas for Privatizing Social Security

Ideas for Privatizing Social Security

Date: April 6, 1998
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy

Industrial Competitiveness and Technological Advancement: Debate Over Government Policy

Date: December 2, 1996
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Tobacco Industry in Domestic and World Markets

The U.S. Tobacco Industry in Domestic and World Markets

Date: June 9, 1998
Creator: Knight, Edward; Ayers, Patricia C & Mayer, Gerald
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
General Overview of United States Antitrust Law

General Overview of United States Antitrust Law

Date: January 11, 1995
Creator: Rubin, Janice E.
Description: This report presents brief summaries of (1) the primary United States antitrust statutes, and (2) some of the activities which are generally considered to be violations of those laws. There is also some reference to the prohibition against unfair competition and the "unfairness" jurisdiction of the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). There is not, however, any discussion of the extraterritorial reach of the United States antitrust laws. Further, the laws whose descriptions follow do not constitute all of the statutes which are applicable to antitrust issues, but rather, constitute those which are most often utilized.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Manufacturing, Technology, and Competitiveness

Manufacturing, Technology, and Competitiveness

Date: January 12, 1999
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H
Description: This report discusses increases in the productivity of American firms to maintain competitiveness in the international marketplace.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Business and Labor Spending in U.S. Elections

Business and Labor Spending in U.S. Elections

Date: October 28, 1997
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: Federal election law has long prohibited corporate and union spending in federal elections, but distinctions in statutes and judicial rulings have opened avenues by which these groups have been able to spend money in the electoral process. Business groups make particular use of political action committee (PAC) donations to candidates and soft money donations to parties. Unions made prominent use of issue advocacy in 1996, but labor’s political strength lies in exempt activity communications with members. This report explains these tools and their use in today’s elections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Business and Labor Spending in U.S. Elections

Business and Labor Spending in U.S. Elections

Date: October 28, 1997
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E.
Description: Federal election law has long prohibited corporate and union spending in federal elections, but distinctions in statutes and judicial rulings have opened avenues by which these groups have been able to spend money in the electoral process. Business groups make particular use of political action committee (PAC) donations to candidates and soft money donations to parties. Unions made prominent use of issue advocacy in 1996, but labor’s political strength lies in exempt activity communications with members. This report explains these tools and their use in today’s elections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Amtrak Reform and Accountability Act of 1997 and Related Developments

The Amtrak Reform and Accountability Act of 1997 and Related Developments

Date: January 28, 1999
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: The Amtrak Reform and Accountability Act of 1997, enacted December 2, 1997, authorized appropriations to Amtrak through FY2002. This CRS report summarizes the provisions of the Act and discusses related developments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electricity Restructuring Background: Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 (PUHCA)

Electricity Restructuring Background: Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 (PUHCA)

Date: January 7, 1999
Creator: Abel, Amy
Description: This report provides background information on PUHCA, including its history and impact. It also discusses how PUHCA reform fits into the current electric utility industry restructuring debate. This report will be updated as events warrant. For related information on electricity restructuring, see the CRS Electronic Briefing Book.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Compensating Farmers for the Tobacco Settlement

Compensating Farmers for the Tobacco Settlement

Date: July 6, 1998
Creator: Womach, Jasper
Description: The legislative proposals designed to reduce smoking, primarily by teenagers, are likely to have negative economic consequences for tobacco growers and tobacco-dependent communities. This report discusses the possibility of some kind of compensation to farmers as part of the settlement package legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Softwood Lumber Imports: The 1996 U.S.-Canada Agreement

Softwood Lumber Imports: The 1996 U.S.-Canada Agreement

Date: June 13, 1996
Creator: Gorte, Ross W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Privatizing the United States Enrichment Corporation

Privatizing the United States Enrichment Corporation

Date: January 21, 1997
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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