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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Trends in Discretionary Spending

Trends in Discretionary Spending

Date: April 15, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses recent trends in discretionary spending. Topics examined include fiscal policy in the wake of the recession, discretionary spending limits reimposed in 2011, the FY2013 sequestration, long term trends, and security spending.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Restrictions on Itemized Tax Deductions: Policy Options and Analysis

Restrictions on Itemized Tax Deductions: Policy Options and Analysis

Date: March 10, 2014
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Lowry, Sean
Description: This report analyzes various proposals to restrict itemized deductions--both across-the-board and individually tailored--using standard economic criteria of economic efficiency, distribution, simplicity, and estimated revenue effects. In particular, this report estimates each proposal's potential to contribute to revenue-neutral reductions in income tax rates and the consequences for economic behavior.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Navy TAO(X) Oiler Shipbuilding Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Navy TAO(X) Oiler Shipbuilding Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: August 1, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the TAO(X) oiler shipbuilding program, a program to build a new class of fleet oilers for the Navy. The Navy wants to procure the first TAO(X) in FY2016. The issue for Congress is whether to approve, reject, or modify the Navy's funding requests and acquisition strategy for the TAO(X) program. Decisions that Congress makes regarding the program could affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements and the U.S. shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intelligence Authorization Legislation: Status and Challenges

Intelligence Authorization Legislation: Status and Challenges

Date: September 18, 2012
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F. & Lange, Rebecca S.
Description: This report assesses the effects of the absence of intelligence authorization legislation subsequent to FY2005 and indicate the substantial but limited effects of the FY2010 Intelligence Authorization Act (P.L. 111-259)
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Unified National Security Budget? Issues for Congress

A Unified National Security Budget? Issues for Congress

Date: March 14, 2013
Creator: Dale, Catherine; Serafino, Nina M. & Towell, Pat
Description: This report describes and characterizes the unified national security budgeting school's broadly shared critique of the current system; describes and analyzes various proposed unified national security budgeting approaches; and offers a succinct list of considerations for Members and staff of Congress who may be interested in this issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 30, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on multiyear procurement (MYP) and block buy contracting (BBC), which are special contracting mechanisms that Congress permits the Department of Defense (DOD) to use for a limited number of defense acquisition programs. Compared to the standard or default approach of annual contracting, MYP and BBC have the potential for reducing weapon procurement costs by several percent.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Continuing Resolutions: Latest Action and Brief Overview of Recent Practices

Continuing Resolutions: Latest Action and Brief Overview of Recent Practices

Date: October 16, 2008
Creator: Streeter, Sandy
Description: This report is divided into two segments. The first segment provides the most recent developments on, and selected provisions of, the Continuing Appropriations Resolution, 2009. The second segment focuses on the (1) history and recent trends, including the nature, scope, and duration of continuing resoutions (CRs) during the past 35 years; (2) CR types by duration; (3) major substantive legislative provisions included in some CRs; and (4) funding gaps.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Diplomatic and Embassy Security Funding Before and After the Benghazi Attacks

Diplomatic and Embassy Security Funding Before and After the Benghazi Attacks

Date: September 10, 2014
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.
Description: This report presents a history and analysis of the requested and actual funding for diplomatic/embassy security since FY2008--what actually became available for the Department of State to spend after rescissions, sequestration, and transfers. It also provides funding data that was requested by the Administration, passed by the House of Representatives, passed by the Senate, and enacted by Congress for the two accounts that provide the bulk of the funding: the Worldwide Security Protection (WSP) and Worldwide Security Upgrades (WSU).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Limitations in Appropriations Measures: An Overview of Procedural Issues

Limitations in Appropriations Measures: An Overview of Procedural Issues

Date: September 29, 2014
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report discusses internal congressional rules and procedures regarding money and policy decisions. It begins by explaining the contrasting procedural contexts that influence the consideration of limitation provisions in appropriations measures on the House and Senate floor. Next, it defines the two forms of limitations that have been allowed under House and Senate precedents, with examples of previous purposes that have been allowed. This report then proceeds to identify the variety of substantive challenges that exist in structuring a limitation provision so that it does not constitute legislative language and thereby violate House and Senate rules. Finally, this report concludes by discussing the effect of points of order during floor consideration and the burden of proof that exists for proponents of limitation provisions to successfully overcome procedural objections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget "Sequestration" and Selected Program Exemptions and Special Rules

Budget "Sequestration" and Selected Program Exemptions and Special Rules

Date: March 22, 2013
Creator: Spar, Karen
Description: This report looks at the history and current status of sequestration at it relates to Congress, including how it is enacted and special rules that can apply.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Stimulus: Issues and Policy

Economic Stimulus: Issues and Policy

Date: January 23, 2009
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.; Hungerford, Thomas L. & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses the passing of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, which included tax cut and spending provisions totaling at a cost of $787 billion in an attempt to mitigate the economic fallout of the housing and financial crises on the general economy. The report examines issues surrounding fiscal stimulus such as timeliness, the magnitude of stimulus, long-term effects and previously adopted policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: December 20, 2012
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on multiyear procurement (MYP) and block buy contracting (BBC), which are special contracting mechanisms that Congress permits the Department of Defense (DOD) to use for a limited number of defense acquisition programs. Compared to the standard or default approach of annual contracting, MYP and BBC have the potential for reducing weapon procurement costs by several percent.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Desalination and Membrane Technologies: Federal Research and Adoption Issues

Desalination and Membrane Technologies: Federal Research and Adoption Issues

Date: January 8, 2013
Creator: Carter, Nicole T.
Description: This report discusses emerging technologies (e.g., forward osmosis, nanocomposite and chlorine resistant membranes) show promise for reducing desalination costs. It discusses the Research to support development of emerging technologies and to reduce desalination's environmental and social impacts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Budget: Current and Upcoming Issues

The Federal Budget: Current and Upcoming Issues

Date: December 31, 2009
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report examines changes to the Federal Budget for Fiscal Years 2008-2010. The report considers the factors that have an effect on various budgetary functions and decisions. The report specifically focuses on the effect of the 2007-2008 financial recession on the budget, but also considers more long-term fiscal issues such as health care for retiring Baby-Boomers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Budget Process Reform in the 110th Congress: A Brief Overview

Federal Budget Process Reform in the 110th Congress: A Brief Overview

Date: May 28, 2008
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report briefly discusses the context in which federal budget process changes are made and identifies selected reform proposals by major category. The identification of reform proposals in this report is not intended to be comprehensive; other CRS reports discuss different aspects of budget process reform in more detail.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 25, 2013
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on multiyear procurement (MYP) and block buy contracting (BBC), which are special contracting mechanisms that Congress permits the Department of Defense (DOD) to use for a limited number of defense acquisition programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Government Fiscal Stress and Federal Assistance

State Government Fiscal Stress and Federal Assistance

Date: February 4, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: This report examines the current status of state fiscal conditions and the role of federal assistance in state budgets. It begins with an overview of state budgeting procedures and then provides budgetary data comparing state fiscal conditions in FY2008 to FY2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Budget Control Act of 2011: The Effects on Spending and the Budget Deficit

The Budget Control Act of 2011: The Effects on Spending and the Budget Deficit

Date: April 1, 2013
Creator: Levit, Mindy R. & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses the effects of the Budget Control Act of 2011 (BCA) on spending and the deficit, assuming that the automatic spending reductions proceed as scheduled from FY2013 to FY2021 and the discretionary spending caps remain in place.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Trade Commission's Regulation of Data Security Under Its Unfair or Deceptive Acts or Practices (UDAP) Authority

The Federal Trade Commission's Regulation of Data Security Under Its Unfair or Deceptive Acts or Practices (UDAP) Authority

Date: September 11, 2014
Creator: Stevens, Gina
Description: This report will discuss the FTC's legal authority under Section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act (FTC Act) in relation to data security, and the two aforementioned cases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Stimulus: Issues and Policy

Economic Stimulus: Issues and Policy

Date: December 9, 2009
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.; Hungerford, Thomas L. & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses the passing of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, which included tax cut and spending provisions totaling at a cost of $787 billion in an attempt to mitigate the economic fallout of the housing and financial crises on the general economy. The report examines issues surrounding fiscal stimulus such as timeliness, the magnitude of stimulus, long-term effects and previously adopted policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Stimulus: Issues and Policy

Economic Stimulus: Issues and Policy

Date: November 10, 2009
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.; Hungerford, Thomas L. & Labonte, Marc
Description: This report discusses the passing of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, which included tax cut and spending provisions totaling at a cost of $787 billion in an attempt to mitigate the economic fallout of the housing and financial crises on the general economy. The report examines issues surrounding fiscal stimulus such as timeliness, the magnitude of stimulus, long-term effects and previously adopted policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trends in Discretionary Spending

Trends in Discretionary Spending

Date: April 29, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Description: This report discusses recent trends in discretionary spending. Topics examined include fiscal policy in the wake of the recession, discretionary spending limits reimposed in 2011, the FY2013 sequestration, long term trends, and security spending.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Veterans Medical Care: FY2009 Appropriations

Veterans Medical Care: FY2009 Appropriations

Date: July 29, 2008
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Description: This report provides a brief background on the veterans' health care system, followed by a discussion of the FY2009 Veterans Health Administration (VHA) budget request, and House and Senate Appropriation Committee action. The report concludes with a discussion of major VHA budget issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Delayed Federal Grant Closeout: Issues and Impact

Delayed Federal Grant Closeout: Issues and Impact

Date: September 12, 2014
Creator: Keegan, Natalie
Description: This report is designed to assist Congress in its oversight of federal grants-in-aid programs by providing a summary of relevant laws, processes, and authorities. The report analyzes the causes of undisbursed grant funds in expired grant accounts and presents congressional options to reform federal grant administration to increase the timeliness, reliability, and comprehensiveness of grant management-related information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department