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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies: FY2016 Appropriations in Brief

Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies: FY2016 Appropriations in Brief

Date: June 5, 2015
Creator: Hardy Vincent, Carol
Description: This report focuses on FY2016 appropriations for Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies. It presents a brief overview of the appropriations requested by the President for FY2016 for agencies in the bill. It also briefly compares the FY2016 requested appropriations with appropriations enacted for FY2015. Finally, it provides the appropriations enacted for the bill for the last nine years (FY2007-FY2015) in current dollars (not adjusted for inflation) and constant dollars (adjusted for inflation).
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Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 108th Congress

Federal Research and Development: Budgeting and Priority-Setting Issues, 108th Congress

Date: December 1, 2004
Creator: Knezo, Genevieve J.
Description: This report discusses federal funding for research and development. National R&D funding continues to grow, but the federal R&D share has declined to less than 30% of the total. Debates focus on which fields of federal R&D should be increased and how to set priorities and to "balance" health and nonhealth fields.
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Major Tax Issues in the 108th Congress

Major Tax Issues in the 108th Congress

Date: December 2, 2004
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L.
Description: This report provides an overview of major tax issues. It begins by describing three aspects of the economic context in which the tax policy debate during 2004 is likely to occur: the general state of the U.S. economy; the position of the federal budget; and the level of taxes in the United States.
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Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) FY2017 Appropriations: Overview

Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) FY2017 Appropriations: Overview

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report discusses the Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) appropriations bill, which includes funding for the Department of the Treasury, the Executive Office of the President (EOP), the judiciary, the District of Columbia, and more than two dozen independent agencies.
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How Big Should the Army Be? Considerations for Congress

How Big Should the Army Be? Considerations for Congress

Date: September 2, 2016
Creator: Kapp, Lawrence; Feickert, Andrew; McInnis, Kathleen J. & Williams, Lynn M.
Description: This report provides an overview of active duty Army personnel strength changes in recent years, outlines the different end strength authorizations in the House and Senate versions of the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), highlights the perspectives which have contributed to these diverging approaches in the respective NDAAs, and outlines some factors which Congress may consider as it determines the appropriate size for the Army.
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Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) FY2017 Appropriations: Overview

Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) FY2017 Appropriations: Overview

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report discusses the Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) appropriations bill, which includes funding for the Department of the Treasury (Title I), the Executive Office of the President (EOP, Title II), the judiciary (Title III), the District of Columbia (Title IV), and more than two dozen independent agencies (Title V). The bill typically funds mandatory retirement accounts in Title VI, which also contains additional general provisions applying to the funding provided agencies through the FSGG bill. Title VII contains general provisions applying government-wide. The FSGG bills have often also contained provisions relating to U.S. policy toward Cuba.
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Congress and the Budget: 2016 Actions and Events

Congress and the Budget: 2016 Actions and Events

Date: July 22, 2016
Creator: Driessen, Grant A. & Lynch, Megan S.
Description: This report seeks to assist in (1) anticipating what budget-related actions might occur within the upcoming year, and (2) staying abreast of budget actions that occur this year. It provides a general description of the recurrent types of budgetary actions, and reflects on current events that unfold in each category during 2016.
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Intelligence Community Spending: Trends and Issues

Intelligence Community Spending: Trends and Issues

Date: November 8, 2016
Creator: Daugherty Miles, Anne
Description: This report examines Intelligence Community (IC) funding over the past several decades, with an emphasis on the period from 2007-2017--the period in which total national and military intelligence program (NIP and MIP) spending dollars have been publicly disclosed on an annual basis. Intelligence-related spending (such as the Homeland Security Intelligence Program) that does not fall within the NIP and MIP is outside the scope of this report.
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DHS Appropriations FY2017: Security, Enforcement, and Investigations

DHS Appropriations FY2017: Security, Enforcement, and Investigations

Date: October 27, 2016
Creator: Painter, William L.; Argueta, Carla N.; Elias, Bart; Frittelli, John & Siskin, Alison
Description: This report is part of a suite of reports that discuss appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for FY2017. It specifically discusses appropriations for the components of DHS included in the second title of the homeland security appropriations bill-- Customs and Border Protection, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the Transportation Security Administration, the U.S. Coast Guard, and the U.S. Secret Service. Collectively, Congress has labeled these components in recent years as "Security, Enforcement, and Investigations.
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Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: May 16, 2008
Creator: Towell, Pat & Daggett, Stephen
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Defense. For both defense authorization and appropriations, this report summarizes the status of the bills, their scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity. This report is updated as events warrant and lists the key CRS staff relevant to the issues covered as well as related CRS products.
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Defense: FY2008 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2008 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: January 23, 2008
Creator: Towell, Pat; Daggett, Stephen & Belasco, Amy
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Defense. For both defense authorization and appropriations, this report summarizes the status of the bills, their scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity.
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Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: February 25, 2009
Creator: Towell, Pat; Daggett, Stephen & Belasco, Amy
Description: This report discusses issues related to defense funding in the wake of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, generally referred to as the "economic stimulus" bill. The President's FY2009 budget request, released February 4, 2008, included $611.1 billion in new budget authority for national defense.
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An Overview of Major Tax Proposals in the President's FY2012 Budget

An Overview of Major Tax Proposals in the President's FY2012 Budget

Date: May 4, 2012
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.; Bickley, James M.; Guenther, Gary; Hungerford, Thomas L.; Maguire, Steven; Marples, Donald J. et al.
Description: This report provides a broad overview of the provisions included in the President's budget request. The budget groups proposed tax provisions into several general categories. According to the Administration's estimates, the tax proposals in the budget would increase revenues $280 billion over the next 10 years
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Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: August 1, 2008
Creator: Towell, Pat; Daggett, Stephen & Belasco, Amy
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Defense. For both defense authorization and appropriations, this report summarizes the status of the bills, their scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity.
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Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: June 18, 2008
Creator: Towell, Pat & Daggett, Stephen
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Defense. This report summarizes the status of defense authorization and appropriation bills, their scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity.
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Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: November 3, 2008
Creator: Towell, Pat & Daggett, Stephen
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Defense, and summarizes the status of the bills, their scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity.
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Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Date: September 29, 2008
Creator: Towell, Pat; Daggett, Stephen & Belasco, Amy
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Defense. For both defense authorization and appropriations, this report summarizes the status of the bills, their scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity.
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State Government Fiscal Stress and Federal Assistance

State Government Fiscal Stress and Federal Assistance

Date: February 14, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report examines the current status of state fiscal conditions and the role of federal assistance in state budgets. It begins with an overview of state budgeting procedures and then provides budgetary data comparing state fiscal conditions in FY2008 to FY2013. This report concludes with an assessment of the consequences current levels of state fiscal stress may have for the 113th Congress.
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Federal Health Centers

Federal Health Centers

Date: December 24, 2013
Creator: Heisler, Elayne J.
Description: This report provides an overview of the federal health center program including its statutory authority, program requirements, and appropriation levels. The report then describes health centers in general, where they are located, their patient population, and some outcomes associated with health center use. It also describes some federal programs available to assist health center operations including the FQHC designation for Medicare and Medicaid payments. The report concludes with a brief discussion of issues for Congress such as the potential effect of the ACA on health centers, the health center workforce, and financial considerations for health centers in the context of changing federal and state budgets.
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Federal Civil Aviation Programs: In Brief

Federal Civil Aviation Programs: In Brief

Date: December 16, 2013
Creator: Elias, Bart
Description: This report discusses the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) programs and activities are funded under four broad budget accounts: operations and maintenance (such as air traffic control and aviation safety functions); facilities and equipment (such as control towers and navigation beacons); grants for airport improvements under the airports improvement program (AIP); and civil aviation research and development conducted or sponsored by FAA. Additionally, aviation programs fund aviation programs administered by the Department of Transportation (DOT) Office of the Secretary, including the Essential Air Service Program that subsidizes airline service to certain small and isolated communities.
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Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 1, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on multiyear procurement (MYP) and block buy contracting (BBC), which are special contracting mechanisms that Congress permits the Department of Defense (DOD) to use for a limited number of defense acquisition programs. Compared to the standard or default approach of annual contracting, MYP and BBC have the potential for reducing weapon procurement costs by several percent.
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Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: FY1970-FY2014

Defense Authorization and Appropriations Bills: FY1970-FY2014

Date: March 27, 2014
Creator: DeBruyne, Nese F.
Description: This report is a research aid, which lists the Department Of Defense authorization bills and appropriations bills for FY1970-FY2011. It includes key definitions and all the pertinent information on the passage of these bills through the legislative process: bill numbers, report numbers, dates reported and passed, recorded vote numbers and vote tallies, dates of passage of the conference reports with their numbers and votes, vetoes, substitutions, dates of final passage, and public law numbers.
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Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 1, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on multiyear procurement (MYP) and block buy contracting (BBC), which are special contracting mechanisms that Congress permits the Department of Defense (DOD) to use for a limited number of defense acquisition programs. Compared to the standard or default approach of annual contracting, MYP and BBC have the potential for reducing weapon procurement costs by several percent.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Multiyear Procurement (MYP) and Block Buy Contracting in Defense Acquisition: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: February 7, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald & Schwartz, Moshe
Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on multiyear procurement (MYP) and block buy contracting (BBC), which are special contracting mechanisms that Congress permits the Department of Defense (DOD) to use for a limited number of defense acquisition programs. Compared to the standard or default approach of annual contracting, MYP and BBC have the potential for reducing weapon procurement costs by several percent.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department