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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: January 10, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report gives an historical overview of debt limits, discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

The Debt Limit: History and Recent Increases

Date: February 7, 2013
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report gives an historical overview of debt limits, discusses how the total debt of the federal government can increase and how the current economic slowdown has led to higher deficits and thereby a series of debt limit increases, as well as legislation related to these increases.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Budget: Current and Upcoming Issues

The Federal Budget: Current and Upcoming Issues

Date: November 25, 2009
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report examines changes to the Federal Budget for Fiscal Years 2008-2010. The report considers the factors that have an effect on various budgetary functions and decisions. The report specifically focuses on the effect of the 2007-2008 financial recession on the budget, but also considers more long-term fiscal issues such as health care for retiring Baby-Boomers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Budget: Current and Upcoming Issues

The Federal Budget: Current and Upcoming Issues

Date: December 31, 2009
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report examines changes to the Federal Budget for Fiscal Years 2008-2010. The report considers the factors that have an effect on various budgetary functions and decisions. The report specifically focuses on the effect of the 2007-2008 financial recession on the budget, but also considers more long-term fiscal issues such as health care for retiring Baby-Boomers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mandatory Spending Since 1962

Mandatory Spending Since 1962

Date: March 23, 2012
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: Federal spending is divided into three broad categories: discretionary spending, mandatory spending, and net interest. Federal spending has outrun federal revenues for the last 10 fiscal years. In the long term, projections suggest that if current policies remain unchanged, the United States faces a major fiscal imbalance, largely due to rising health care costs and impending Baby Boomer retirements. Because discretionary spending is a smaller proportion of total federal outlays compared to mandatory spending, some budget experts contend that any significant reductions in federal spending must include cuts in entitlement spending. Other budget and social policy experts contend that cuts in entitlement spending could compromise their goals: the economic security of the elderly and the poor.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mandatory Spending Since 1962

Mandatory Spending Since 1962

Date: September 15, 2010
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: Mandatory spending includes federal government spending on entitlement programs as well as other budget outlays controlled by laws other than appropriation acts. Entitlement programs such as Social Security and Medicare make up the bulk of mandatory spending. This report looks at mandatory spending and how it has grown over time relative to total federal spending and the size of the U.S. economy. It also analyzes future mandatory spending levels and how they are projected to impact the federal budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trends in Discretionary Funding

Trends in Discretionary Funding

Date: June 10, 2009
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: Discretionary spending is essentially all spending on federal wages and salaries. Discretionary spending is often divided into defense, domestic discretionary, and international outlays. Defense and domestic discretionary spending compose nearly all of discretionary spending. The Obama Administration contends that many domestic priorities have been underfunded and has proposed some cuts in defense spending. The current economic and financial turmoil, which has led to several major federal interventions, is projected to increase non-defense spending over the next several fiscal years.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trends in Discretionary Spending

Trends in Discretionary Spending

Date: September 10, 2010
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: Discretionary spending is provided in, and controlled by, annual appropriations acts, which fund many of the routine activities commonly associated with such federal government functions as running executive branch agencies, congressional offices and agencies, and international operations of the government. Essentially all spending on federal wages and salaries is discretionary. This report discusses historical, current, and projected discretionary spending trends. It also describes how current discretionary spending trends reflect national priorities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Circular A-76 and the Moratorium on DOD Competitions: Background and Issues for Congress

Circular A-76 and the Moratorium on DOD Competitions: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: January 17, 2012
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Description: This report discusses the current moratorium on the conduct of Department of Defense (DOD) public-private competitions under Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-76 and issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Circular A-76 and the Moratorium on DOD Competitions: Background and Issues for Congress

Circular A-76 and the Moratorium on DOD Competitions: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: November 28, 2011
Creator: Bailey Grasso, Valerie
Description: This report discusses the current moratorium on the conduct of Department of Defense (DOD) public-private competitions under Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-76 and issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department