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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Federal Debt: Who Bears Its Burdens?

The Federal Debt: Who Bears Its Burdens?

Date: December 9, 1999
Creator: Cox, William A
Description: This report discusses the federal debt, which quintupled from FY1980 to FY1995 and went from 26% to 50% of GDP. The report examines changing ideas in regards to what segment of the population most feels the effects of growing government debt, and how its effects manifest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Fiscal Year

The Federal Fiscal Year

Date: February 25, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Description: This report discusses the federal fiscal year which is the accounting period of the federal government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Funding Gaps: A Brief Overview

Federal Funding Gaps: A Brief Overview

Date: October 18, 1999
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report briefly discusses federal funding gaps. The routine activities of most federal agencies are funded annually by one or more of the 13 regular appropriations bills. When action on the regular appropriations bills is delayed, a continuing resolution (CR) is used to provide interim funding. During the past 48 years, CRs have been enacted for all but four fiscal years (FY1953, 1989, 1995, and 1997). For some fiscal years, a series of as many as six CRs have been enacted.
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Overview of the Executive Budget Process

Overview of the Executive Budget Process

Date: April 26, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: None
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Pay-As-You-Go Rules in the Federal Budget Process

Pay-As-You-Go Rules in the Federal Budget Process

Date: February 15, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Defense Burdensharing: Is Japan's Host Nation Support a Model for Other Allies?

Defense Burdensharing: Is Japan's Host Nation Support a Model for Other Allies?

Date: June 20, 1994
Creator: Daggett, Stephen
Description: This report reviews data that the Administration has provided to Congress on the costs of U.S. forces based abroad and on the value of host nation support contributions. It analyzes the data in order to assess potential defense budget savings from measures now under congressional consideration. The report concludes that, because of shortcomings in the data, estimates of savings in the U.S. defense budget from increased host nation contributions are often overstated. Some commonly accepted assertions frequently cited in the congressional burdensharing debate, therefore, are of doubtful validity.
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Immigration and Naturalization Services's FY2000 Budget

Immigration and Naturalization Services's FY2000 Budget

Date: August 18, 1999
Creator: Krouse, William J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.N Funding, Payment of Arrears and Linkage to Reform: Legislation in the 105th Congress

U.N Funding, Payment of Arrears and Linkage to Reform: Legislation in the 105th Congress

Date: April 24, 1998
Creator: Bite, Vita; Browne, Marjorie Ann & McHugh, Lois B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration and Naturalization Service's FY1999 Budget

Immigration and Naturalization Service's FY1999 Budget

Date: August 7, 1998
Creator: Krouse, William J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Energy's FY1996 Budget

The Department of Energy's FY1996 Budget

Date: February 8, 1996
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: This issue brief describes the FY1996 request for DOE's major programs, its implications, and congressional action on the DOE budget. Table 1 at the end of the issue brief highlights the FY1996 DOE budget request.
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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration: An Overview and FY1999 Budget Analysis

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration: An Overview and FY1999 Budget Analysis

Date: July 1, 1998
Creator: Radzanowski, David P & Rowberg, Richard E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Energy's FY1998 Budget

The Department of Energy's FY1998 Budget

Date: November 7, 1997
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: This issue brief describes the FY1998 request for DOE's major programs, its implications, and congressional action on the DOE budget. Table 1 at the end of the issue brief highlights the FY1998 DOE budget request. House and Senate marks and the final budget enacted will be included in revised versions as the appropriations bills move through the Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transportation and the FY1997 Budget

Transportation and the FY1997 Budget

Date: October 4, 1996
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Bureau of Mines Funding - FY1996

The U.S. Bureau of Mines Funding - FY1996

Date: August 30, 1995
Creator: Thompson, Duane A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Effects, and Process

Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Effects, and Process

Date: November 8, 1999
Creator: Gressle, Sharon S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
H.R. 853, The Comprehensive Budget Process Reform Act: Summary of Provisions

H.R. 853, The Comprehensive Budget Process Reform Act: Summary of Provisions

Date: August 25, 1999
Creator: Saturno, James V
Description: This report discusses the Comprehensive Budget Process Reform Act of 1999, was introduced by Representative Jim Nussle on February 25, 1999, and referred to the Committee on the Budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Census 2000: Sampling as an Appropriations Issue in the 105th Congress

Census 2000: Sampling as an Appropriations Issue in the 105th Congress

Date: September 1, 1998
Creator: Williams, Jennifer D
Description: The 105th Congress has debated the decennial census sampling issue mainly in the appropriations process, beginning with FY1997 supplemental appropriations legislation for disaster relief. In FY1998 appropriations for Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies (CJS), the Senate (S. 1022) instructed the Bureau of the Census not to make “irreversible” Census 2000 sampling plans, while the House (H.R. 2267) sought a moratorium on these plans, pending expedited judicial review of their constitutionality and legality.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Congressional Budget Process Timetable

The Congressional Budget Process Timetable

Date: February 25, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: The Congressional Budget Act (CBA) of 1974 (P.L. 93-344), as amended, establishes the congressional budget process, which coordinates the legislative activities on the budget resolution, appropriations bills, reconciliation legislation, revenue measures, and other budgetary legislation. Section 300 of this act provides a timetable (see Table 1) so that Congress may complete its work on the budget by the start of the fiscal year on October 1.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Act Points of Order

Congressional Budget Act Points of Order

Date: October 22, 1998
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: Title III of the Congressional Budget Act (CBA) of 1974 (P.L. 93-344), as amended, establishes the points of order that are used to enforce congressional budget procedures and substantive provisions of a budget resolution. These points of order prohibit certain congressional actions and consideration of certain legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Budget Act Points of Order

Congressional Budget Act Points of Order

Date: April 20, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: Title III of the Congressional Budget Act (CBA) of 1974 (P.L. 93-344), as amended, establishes the points of order that are used to enforce congressional budget procedures and substantive provisions of a budget resolution. These points of order prohibit certain congressional actions and consideration of certain legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Congressional Budget Process Timetable

The Congressional Budget Process Timetable

Date: May 18, 1998
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: The Congressional Budget Act (CBA) of 1974 (P.L. 93-344), as amended, establishes the congressional budget process, which coordinates the legislative activities on the budget resolution, appropriations bills, reconciliation legislation, revenue measures, and other budgetary legislation. Section 300 of this act provides a timetable (see Table 1) so that Congress may complete its work on the budget by the start of the fiscal year on October 1.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Amtrak: Federal Financial Assistance

Amtrak: Federal Financial Assistance

Date: January 10, 1997
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: This report discusses federal financial assistance to Amtrak, an intercity rail service created by Congress in 1971. It discusses the possibility of significantly reducing, or even eliminating, federal financial assistance to Amtrak, in an effort to reduce the federal budget deficit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Allocations and Subdivisions in the Congressional Budget Process

Allocations and Subdivisions in the Congressional Budget Process

Date: April 5, 1999
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr
Description: This report briefly explains how the annual budget resolution sets forth total spending and revenue levels, which are then allocated to the appropriate House and Senate committees, which in turn help Congress determine how best to enforce spending once a budget resolution is adopted.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY1999: Legislative Branch

Appropriations for FY1999: Legislative Branch

Date: March 11, 1999
Creator: Dwyer, Paul E
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Legislative Branch Appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department