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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Trends in Discretionary Spending

Trends in Discretionary Spending

Date: April 12, 2010
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report discusses historical, current, and projected discretionary spending trends. It also describes how current discretionary spending trends reflect national priorities. Discretionary spending is provided in, and controlled by, annual appropriations acts, which fund many of the routine activities commonly associated with such federal government functions as running executive branch agencies, congressional offices and agencies, and international operations of the government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2011 Budget Documents: Internet and GPO Availability

FY2011 Budget Documents: Internet and GPO Availability

Date: March 8, 2010
Creator: Teefy, Jennifer
Description: This report provides brief descriptions of the budget volumes and related documents, together with Internet addresses, Government Printing Office (GPO) stock numbers, and prices to obtain these publications. It also tells how to find locations of government depository libraries, which can provide both printed copies for reference use and Internet access to the text.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2010 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2010 Budget and Appropriations

Date: unknown
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Nakamura, Kennon H. & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: This report analyzes the FY2010 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action for FY2010, which includes the July 9 House approval of H.R. 3081, the State-Foreign Operations Appropriations bill for FY2010, July 9 Senate Appropriations Committee passage of its bill (S. 1434), and passage of H.R. 3288, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2010, signed into law Dec. 16, 2009 (P.L. 111-117).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2010 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2010 Budget and Appropriations

Date: November 2, 2009
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Nakamura, Kennon H. & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: This report analyzes the FY2010 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action for FY2010, which includes the July 9 House approval of H.R. 3081, the State-Foreign Operations Appropriations bill for FY2010, and July 9 Senate Appropriations Committee passage of its bill (S. 1434).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adopting A Long-Term Budget Focus: Challenges and Proposals

Adopting A Long-Term Budget Focus: Challenges and Proposals

Date: December 3, 2010
Creator: Lynch, Megan Suzanne; Labonte, Marc & Levit, Mindy R.
Description: This report focuses on the current federal budget process, including criticisms of that process. This report will provide information on (1) the current horizons used in the budget process, including already existing long-term components; (2) the rationale for increased focus on longterm budgeting; (3) general challenges to long-term budgeting; and (4) an analysis of general proposals that have been made to increase the focus of long-term budgeting in the budget process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advance Appropriations, Forward Funding, and Advance Funding

Advance Appropriations, Forward Funding, and Advance Funding

Date: November 22, 2010
Creator: Streeter, Sandy
Description: pppropriations acts generally make budget authority (or BA) available for use (or obligation) at the start of the fiscal year covered by the act. Sometimes appropriations bills provide a different date for specified budget authority within the act to become first available so that the funding cycle does not coincide with the fiscal year generally covered by the act. There are three types of this kind of budget authority: advance appropriations, forward funding, and advance funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Balanced Budget Constitutional Amendment: Background and Congressional Options

A Balanced Budget Constitutional Amendment: Background and Congressional Options

Date: July 20, 2011
Creator: Saturno, James V. & Lynch, Megan Suzanne
Description: One of the most persistent political issues facing Congress in recent decades is whether to require that the budget of the United States be in balance. Although a balanced federal budget has long been held as a political ideal, the accumulation of large deficits in recent years has heightened concern that some action to require a balance between revenues and expenditures may be necessary. This report provides an overview of the issues and options that have been raised during prior consideration of proposals for a balanced budget constitutional amendment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2011 Appropriations: A Side-by-Side Comparison of Key Proposals

FY2011 Appropriations: A Side-by-Side Comparison of Key Proposals

Date: March 18, 2011
Creator: Hatch, Garrett & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: FY2011 funding levels were not enacted in the 111th Congress. Thus, the debate over FY2011 appropriations has continued into the 112th Congress. This report is intended to facilitate comparison of three key spending proposals for FY2011-the Administration's budget request, H.R. 1, and S.Amdt. 149 to H.R. 1-to FY2010 enacted funding levels. The report begins with a brief analysis of how each proposal may impact the federal budget deficit. The bulk of the report consists of a funding table that details the recommended appropriations in these proposals, by subcommittee and bill title, and compares them with FY2010 appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Homeland Security Appropriations: A Summary of the House- Passed and Senate-Reported Bills for FY2013

Department of Homeland Security Appropriations: A Summary of the House- Passed and Senate-Reported Bills for FY2013

Date: June 12, 2012
Creator: Painter, William L.
Description: This report gives an overview of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) appropriations bill, which includes funding for all components and functions of DHS, including Customs and Border Protection (CBP); Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE); the Transportation Security Administration (TSA); Coast Guard (USCG); Secret Service (USSS); the National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD), which includes Infrastructure Protection and Information Security (IPIS) and the Federal Protective Service (FPS); the Office of Health Affairs (OHA); the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA); United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS); the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC); the Science and Technology directorate (S&T); the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO); departmental management, Analysis and Operations (A&O), and the Office of the Inspector General (OIG).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The "Fiscal Cliff": Macroeconomic Consequences of Tax Increases and Spending Cuts

The "Fiscal Cliff": Macroeconomic Consequences of Tax Increases and Spending Cuts

Date: September 5, 2012
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: Report regarding the fiscal cliff, which is a set of tax increases and spending cuts that would substantially reduce the deficit in 2013.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department