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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2012 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2012 Budget and Appropriations

Date: January 6, 2012
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: This report analyzes the FY2012 request and congressional action related to FY2012 State-Foreign Operations legislation. The Summary, “Introduction” and “Recent Developments” sections, and appendix tables in this version of the report have been updated to reflect enactment of P.L. 112-74, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, FY2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
MEMORANDUM: Preliminary assessment of efficiency initiatives announced by Secretary of Defense Gates on August 9, 2010

MEMORANDUM: Preliminary assessment of efficiency initiatives announced by Secretary of Defense Gates on August 9, 2010

Date: August 12, 2010
Creator: Daggett, Stephen
Description: On August 9, 2010, Secretary of Defense Gates announced a number of efficiency initiatives intended to contribute to a Defense Department effort to achieve about $100 billion of savings over the next five years. The Defense Department's intent is not to reduce the defense "top line" budget, but, rather, to apply any savings to finance currently planned programs. This report contains an order-of-magnitude analysis of amounts of money currently spent in each of the major areas Secretary Gates identified for savings.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on the State Budgets of Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi

The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on the State Budgets of Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi

Date: November 15, 2005
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Budget Process: A Brief Outline

The Federal Budget Process: A Brief Outline

Date: April 26, 1996
Creator: Saturno, James V
Description: In a sense the term "budget process" is a misnomer when applied to the federal government. Budgeting for the federal government is not a single process; rather it consists of a number of processes that have evolved separately and which occur with varying degrees of coordination. This report, and the accompanying flow chart, attempt to clarify the role played by each of the component parts of the budget process as well as how they operate together.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Spending by Agency and Budget Function, FY2001-FY2005

Federal Spending by Agency and Budget Function, FY2001-FY2005

Date: January 9, 2006
Creator: Winters, Philip D
Description: This report provides federal spending data by agency and by budget function for fiscal year 2001 through fiscal year 2005. The data, ranked by size, reveal the concentrated nature of federal spending. The largest four agencies (of 51 listed) produce 83% of total outlays and the six largest (of 19) budget functions produce 86% of total outlays. Most of the spending by the largest agencies and within the largest budget functions is either mandatory spending (such as Social Security, Medicaid, and income support, among others), defense spending, or net interest spending on federal debt.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Government Debt: Its Size and Economic Significance

The Federal Government Debt: Its Size and Economic Significance

Date: January 27, 2006
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: This report explains the different measures of the U.S. government debt, discusses the historical growth in the debt, identifies the current owners of the debt, presents comparisons with government debt in other countries, and examines the potential economic risks associated with a growing federal debt.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Value-Added Tax (VAT) as a Revenue Option: A Primer

Value-Added Tax (VAT) as a Revenue Option: A Primer

Date: March 22, 2011
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Description: This report summarizes issues, arguments, and concerns relevant to a value-added tax (VAT).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Offsets, Supplemental Appropriations, and the Disaster Relief Fund: FY1990-FY2012

Offsets, Supplemental Appropriations, and the Disaster Relief Fund: FY1990-FY2012

Date: March 29, 2012
Creator: Painter, William L.
Description: This report discusses the recent history of offsetting rescissions in paying for supplemental appropriations to the Federal Emergency Management Agency's Disaster Relief Fund (DRF).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Reconciliation Measures Enacted Into Law: 1980-2008

Budget Reconciliation Measures Enacted Into Law: 1980-2008

Date: April 1, 2009
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report identifies and briefly summarizes the 19 budget reconciliation measures enacted into law during the period covering 1980, when reconciliation procedures first were used by both chambers, through 2008, the last year of the 110th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations Report Language: Overview of Development, Components, and Issues for Congress

Appropriations Report Language: Overview of Development, Components, and Issues for Congress

Date: July 28, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides an overview of appropriations report language. In current practice, report language does not accompany formulaic continuing resolutions (CRs), even if funds are provided in this manner for the remainder of the fiscal year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department