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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Air Force KC-X Tanker Aircraft Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Air Force KC-X Tanker Aircraft Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: October 23, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses issues for Congress in FY2011, which are whether to approve, reject, or modify DOD's new KC-X competition strategy, and whether to approve, reject, or modify the Air Force's request for FY2011 research and development funding for the new KC-X program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Air Force KC-X Tanker Aircraft Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Air Force KC-X Tanker Aircraft Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: October 5, 2009
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report discusses issues for Congress in FY2011, which are whether to approve, reject, or modify DOD's new KC-X competition strategy, and whether to approve, reject, or modify the Air Force's request for FY2011 research and development funding for the new KC-X program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Proposed "Defund ACORN Act": Is It a "Bill of Attainder"?

The Proposed "Defund ACORN Act": Is It a "Bill of Attainder"?

Date: September 22, 2009
Creator: Thomas, Kenneth R.
Description: This report provides background information the "Defund ACORN Act" as part of H.R. 3221, 111th Congress, the Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 2009. The report discusses the bills of attainder, the specificity and punishment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stafford Act Declarations 1953-2011: Trends and Analyses, and Implications for Congress

Stafford Act Declarations 1953-2011: Trends and Analyses, and Implications for Congress

Date: August 31, 2012
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: Report that describes the declaration process of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act and the types of declarations that can be made under the Stafford Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2012 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2012 Budget and Appropriations

Date: January 6, 2012
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: This report analyzes the FY2012 request and congressional action related to FY2012 State-Foreign Operations legislation. The Summary, “Introduction” and “Recent Developments” sections, and appendix tables in this version of the report have been updated to reflect enactment of P.L. 112-74, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, FY2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
MEMORANDUM: Preliminary assessment of efficiency initiatives announced by Secretary of Defense Gates on August 9, 2010

MEMORANDUM: Preliminary assessment of efficiency initiatives announced by Secretary of Defense Gates on August 9, 2010

Date: August 12, 2010
Creator: Daggett, Stephen
Description: On August 9, 2010, Secretary of Defense Gates announced a number of efficiency initiatives intended to contribute to a Defense Department effort to achieve about $100 billion of savings over the next five years. The Defense Department's intent is not to reduce the defense "top line" budget, but, rather, to apply any savings to finance currently planned programs. This report contains an order-of-magnitude analysis of amounts of money currently spent in each of the major areas Secretary Gates identified for savings.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on the State Budgets of Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi

The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on the State Budgets of Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi

Date: November 15, 2005
Creator: Maguire, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Budget Process: A Brief Outline

The Federal Budget Process: A Brief Outline

Date: April 26, 1996
Creator: Saturno, James V
Description: In a sense the term "budget process" is a misnomer when applied to the federal government. Budgeting for the federal government is not a single process; rather it consists of a number of processes that have evolved separately and which occur with varying degrees of coordination. This report, and the accompanying flow chart, attempt to clarify the role played by each of the component parts of the budget process as well as how they operate together.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Spending by Agency and Budget Function, FY2001-FY2005

Federal Spending by Agency and Budget Function, FY2001-FY2005

Date: January 9, 2006
Creator: Winters, Philip D
Description: This report provides federal spending data by agency and by budget function for fiscal year 2001 through fiscal year 2005. The data, ranked by size, reveal the concentrated nature of federal spending. The largest four agencies (of 51 listed) produce 83% of total outlays and the six largest (of 19) budget functions produce 86% of total outlays. Most of the spending by the largest agencies and within the largest budget functions is either mandatory spending (such as Social Security, Medicaid, and income support, among others), defense spending, or net interest spending on federal debt.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Government Debt: Its Size and Economic Significance

The Federal Government Debt: Its Size and Economic Significance

Date: January 27, 2006
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: This report explains the different measures of the U.S. government debt, discusses the historical growth in the debt, identifies the current owners of the debt, presents comparisons with government debt in other countries, and examines the potential economic risks associated with a growing federal debt.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Value-Added Tax (VAT) as a Revenue Option: A Primer

Value-Added Tax (VAT) as a Revenue Option: A Primer

Date: March 22, 2011
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Description: This report summarizes issues, arguments, and concerns relevant to a value-added tax (VAT).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Offsets, Supplemental Appropriations, and the Disaster Relief Fund: FY1990-FY2012

Offsets, Supplemental Appropriations, and the Disaster Relief Fund: FY1990-FY2012

Date: March 29, 2012
Creator: Painter, William L.
Description: This report discusses the recent history of offsetting rescissions in paying for supplemental appropriations to the Federal Emergency Management Agency's Disaster Relief Fund (DRF).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Budget Reconciliation Measures Enacted Into Law: 1980-2008

Budget Reconciliation Measures Enacted Into Law: 1980-2008

Date: April 1, 2009
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: This report identifies and briefly summarizes the 19 budget reconciliation measures enacted into law during the period covering 1980, when reconciliation procedures first were used by both chambers, through 2008, the last year of the 110th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations Report Language: Overview of Development, Components, and Issues for Congress

Appropriations Report Language: Overview of Development, Components, and Issues for Congress

Date: July 28, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides an overview of appropriations report language. In current practice, report language does not accompany formulaic continuing resolutions (CRs), even if funds are provided in this manner for the remainder of the fiscal year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Activities Inventory Reform Act and Circular A-76

The Federal Activities Inventory Reform Act and Circular A-76

Date: April 6, 2007
Creator: Halchin, L. E.
Description: This report begins with a brief history of Circular A-76, a review of the its key components, and an assessment of the implementation of the circular. The section on FAIR (Federal Activities Inventory Reform Act) describes how it emerged from a series of compromises, explains the statute's key provisions, and reviews the implementation process, including guidance issued by OMB. The final section addresses recent initiatives, notably the President's competitive sourcing initiative and the Commercial Activities Panel.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Justice (DOJ) Appropriations for FY2008 and FY2009

Department of Justice (DOJ) Appropriations for FY2008 and FY2009

Date: June 10, 2008
Creator: Krouse, William J.; Franco, Celinda & James, Nathan
Description: This report provides a discussion of funding for the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) for fiscal years 2008 and 2009, including background information, a breakdown of funding from FY2008 regular and supplemental funding, and budget requests for FY2009.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Second FY2008 Supplemental Appropriations for Military Operations, International Affairs, and Other Purposes

Second FY2008 Supplemental Appropriations for Military Operations, International Affairs, and Other Purposes

Date: June 25, 2008
Creator: Daggett, Stephen; Epstein, Susan B.; Margesson, Rhoda & Loane, Shannon S.
Description: This report discusses supplemental appropriations for fiscal years 2008 and 2009. During its first session, the 110th Congress approved fiscal year 2008 emergency supplemental appropriations of $86.8 billion for the Department of Defense and $2.4 billion for international affairs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Analysis of Efforts to Double Federal Funding for Physical Sciences and Engineering Research

An Analysis of Efforts to Double Federal Funding for Physical Sciences and Engineering Research

Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report provides information and analysis on the origins of the doubling effort; selected acts of Congress, other events, and reports; authorizations and appropriations; the effects of the doubling effort on the funding level and character of federal research funding for the physical sciences and engineering disciplines; and related policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
How Budget Surpluses Change Federal Debt

How Budget Surpluses Change Federal Debt

Date: January 4, 2001
Creator: Winters, Philip D
Description: This report discusses how budget surpluses change federal debt. The answer involves understanding what drives changes in the two components of total federal debt, debt held by the public (which includes debt held by individuals, pension funds, banks, and insurance companies, among other entities) and debt held by government accounts (almost all in federal trust funds, such as Social Security).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of Veterans Affairs FY2016 Appropriations: In Brief

Department of Veterans Affairs FY2016 Appropriations: In Brief

Date: November 9, 2015
Creator: Panangala, Sidath V.
Description: This report discusses budget issues for the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), which provides a range of benefits and services to veterans who meet certain eligibility rules.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Assistance to the Middle East: Historical Background, Recent Trends, and the FY2016 Request

U.S. Foreign Assistance to the Middle East: Historical Background, Recent Trends, and the FY2016 Request

Date: October 19, 2015
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M. & Humud, Carla E.
Description: This report is an overview of U.S. foreign assistance to the Middle East, including a brief historical review of foreign aid levels, a description of specific country programs, and an analysis of current foreign aid issues. The Middle East is perennially a major focus of interest as Congress exercises these powers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congressional Action on FY2016 Appropriations Measures

Congressional Action on FY2016 Appropriations Measures

Date: October 28, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report provides information on the congressional consideration of the FY2016 regular appropriations bills and the FY2016 continuing resolution (CR). It also discusses the statutory and procedural budget enforcement framework for FY2016 appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advance Appropriations, Forward Funding, and Advance Funding: Concepts, Practice, and Budget Process Considerations

Advance Appropriations, Forward Funding, and Advance Funding: Concepts, Practice, and Budget Process Considerations

Date: October 8, 2015
Creator: Tollestrup, Jessica
Description: This report examines concepts, practices, and procedural implications associated with particular delayed periods of availability.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Debt: Who Bears Its Burden?

The National Debt: Who Bears Its Burden?

Date: April 7, 2000
Creator: Makinen, Gail E.
Description: This report discusses the burden of a national debt and who bears that burden, which is a matter of Congressional concern since the gross national debt of the United States stands at some $5.5 trillion dollars.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department